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Author ORCID ID is 0000000268604420
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  1. Here in this study we investigated the effects of Bi addition on the microstructure and mechanical properties of an electrodeposited nanocrystalline Ag coating. Microstructural features were investigated with transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results indicate that the addition of Bi introduced nanometer-scale Ag-Bi solid solution particles and more internal defects to the initial Ag microstructures. The anisotropic elastic-plastic properties of the Ag nanocrystalline coating with and without Bi addition were examined with nanoindentation experiments in conjunction with the recently-developed inverse method. The results indicate that the as-deposited nanocrystalline Ag coating contained high mechanical anisotropy. With the addition of 1 atomicmore » percent (at%) Bi, the anisotropy within Ag-Bi coating was very small, and yield strength of the nanocrystalline Ag-Bi alloy in both longitudinal and transverse directions were improved by over 100% compared to that of Ag. On the other hand, the strain-hardening exponent of Ag-Bi was reduced to 0.055 from the original 0.16 of the Ag coating. Furthermore, the addition of Bi only slightly increased the electrical resistivity of the Ag-Bi coating in comparison to Ag. Lastly, results of our study indicate that Bi addition is a promising method for improving the mechanical and physical performances of Ag coating for electrical contacts.« less
  2. Cu-Sn-Zn coatings have been widely used in industry for their unique properties, such as good conductivity, high corrosion resistance and excellent solderability. To further improve the mechanical performance of Cu-Sn-Zn coatings, powder-enhanced method was applied and Cu-Sn-Zn-TiO 2 nano-composite coatings with different TiO 2 concentration were fabricated. The microstructure of Cu-Sn-Zn-TiO 2 nano-composite coatings were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The mechanical properties of coatings including microhardness and wear resistance were studied. The results indicate that the incorporation of TiO 2 nanoparticle can significantly influence the properties of Cu-Sn-Zn coatings. The microhardness of Cu-Sn-Zn coatingmore » was increased to 383 HV from 330 HV with 1 g/L TiO 2 addition. Also, the corrosion resistance of coating was enhanced. The effects of TiO 2 nanoparticle concentration on the microstructure, mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of Cu-Sn-Zn-TiO 2 nano-composite coatings were discussed.« less
  3. Silver (Ag) coatings have been widely used in many industry areas due to their excellent conductivity. However, wider applications of Ag coatings have been hindered by their poor mechanical properties. In this research, to improve the mechanical performance, Ag-Bi nano-composite coatings were prepared by a novel ionic co-discharge method. A systematic study of the microstructure, mechanical properties, electrical conductivity and antibacterial behavior of the resulting coating was performed. The results indicated that after adding an appropriate amount of Bi containing solution into the Ag plating solution, Ag-Bi nanoparticles were in-situ formed and distributed uniformly throughout the coating matrix, resulting inmore » a significant improvement in the mechanical properties. The hardness of Ag-Bi coating was increased by 60% compared to that of the pure Ag coating. The corrosion resistance of Ag-Bi coatings was also enhanced. The Ag-Bi coatings prepared in the current study will find a broader application in electronics, jewelry, aerospace and other industries.« less
  4. Ductile fracture is a local phenomenon, and it is well established that fracture strain levels depend on both stress triaxiality and the resolution (grid size) of strain measurements. Two-dimensional plane strain post-necking models with different model sizes are used in this paper to predict the grid-size-dependent fracture strain of a commercial dual-phase steel, DP980. The models are generated from the actual microstructures, and the individual phase flow properties and literature-based individual phase damage parameters for the Johnson–Cook model are used for ferrite and martensite. A monotonic relationship is predicted: the smaller the model size, the higher the fracture strain. Thus,more » a general framework is developed to quantify the grid-size-dependent fracture strains for multiphase materials. In addition to the grid-size dependency, the influences of intrinsic microstructure features, i.e., the flow curve and fracture strains of the two constituent phases, on the predicted fracture strains also are examined. Finally, application of the derived fracture strain versus model size relationship is demonstrated with large clearance trimming simulations with different element sizes.« less

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