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Author ORCID ID is 0000000252569632
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  1. We present that prospective fusion component testing and DEMO power reactor concepts are expected to employ low-activation ferritic steels because of their ability to withstand the high neutron flux of the reactor environment. However, theory suggests that ferromagnetic material may amplify certain external MHD instabilities. Using its ferromagnetic-resistive wall mode (FRWM) upgrade, the High Beta Tokamak-Extended Pulse (HBT-EP) experiment has observed approximately doubled growth rates when operating with a close-fitting ferromagnetic first wall, compared to operation with a stainless steel first wall. The presence of a ferromagnetic wall correlates with earlier disruptions, and FRWM growth rates increase with decreasing modemore » rotation, as expected due to the increased skin depth allowing greater mode interaction with the bulk ferromagnetic material. Finally, it is also seen that introducing low-n asymmetries into the toroidal distribution of ferromagnetic material, similar to the ITER test blanket module toroidal asymmetry, changes the phase preference of rotating modes; meanwhile, a similar change in purely conducting material does not significantly change the mode's phase preference.« less
  2. Here, low-activation ferritic steels are leading material candidates for use in next-generation fusion development experiments such as a prospective component test facility and DEMO power reactor. Understanding the interaction of plasmas with a ferromagnetic wall will provide crucial physics for these facilities. In order to study ferromagnetic effects in toroidal geometry, a ferritic wall upgrade was designed and installed in the High Beta Tokamak–Extended Pulse (HBT-EP). Several material options were investigated based on conductivity, magnetic permeability, vacuum compatibility, and other criteria, and the material of choice (high-cobalt steel) is characterized. Installation was accomplished quickly, with minimal impact on existing diagnosticsmore » and overall machine performance, and initial results demonstrate the effects of the ferritic wall on plasma stability.« less

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