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Author ORCID ID is 0000000233743236
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  1. In this work, we combine a Ginzburg–Landau model for a ferroelastic transition with the theory of micromagnetism to study the magnetostructural behavior leading to multicaloric effects in ferromagnetic shape memory alloys. We analyze the ferroelastic transition under different conditions of temperature, stress and magnetic field and establish the corresponding phase diagram. On the one hand, our results show that the proper combination of both fields may be used to reduce the transition hysteresis and thus improve the reversibility of the related elastocaloric effects, superelasticity and stress-mediated magnetocaloric effects. On the other hand, the stress-free magnetic field-driven and thermally driven magnetostructuralmore » evolution provides physical insight into the low-temperature field-induced domain reorientation, from which we derive strategies to modify the operational temperature ranges and thus the corresponding (magnetic) shape-memory effect.« less
  2. Here, we present a calculation of the effective geometry-induced quantum potential for the carriers in graphene shaped as a helicoidal nanoribbon. In this geometry the twist of the nanoribbon plays the role of an effective transverse electric field in graphene and this is reminiscent of the Hall effect. But, this effective electric field has a different sign for the two isospin states and translates into a mechanism to separate the two chiral species on the opposing rims of the nanoribbon. Finally, isospin transitions are expected with the emission or absorption of microwave radiation which could be adjusted to be inmore » the THz region.« less
  3. The performance of an organic functional device can be effectively improved through external field manipulation. In this study, we experimentally demonstrate the optical polarization manipulation of the photocurrent or photovoltage in organic solar cells. Through switching the incident light from a linearly polarized light to a circularly polarized one, we find a pronounced change in the photocurrent, which is not observable in normal inorganic cells. There are two competing hypotheses for the primary process underlying the circular polarization-dependent phenomena in organic materials, one involving the inverse Faraday effect (IFE) and the other a direct photon spin–electron spin interaction. By waymore » of ingenious device design and external magnetic field-induced stimuli, it is expected that the organic IFE can be a powerful experimental tool in revealing and elucidating excited-state processes occurring in organic spintronic and optoelectronic devices. Therefore, we believe that our results will potentially lead to the development of new multifunctional organic devices with integrated electronic, optical, and magnetic properties for energy conversion, optical communication, and sensing technologies.« less
  4. Inmore » this work, we obtain the exact one-spin intrinsic localized excitation in an anisotropic Heisenberg ferromagnetic spin chain in a constant/variable external magnetic field with Gilbert damping included. We also point out how an appropriate magnitude spin current term in a spin transfer nano-oscillator (STNO) can stabilize the tendency towards damping. Further, we show how this excitation can be sustained in a recently suggested PT -symmetric magnetic nanostructure. We also briefly consider more general spin excitations.« less
  5. The interplay of space and time symmetries, ferroic properties, chirality and notions of reciprocity determines many of the technologically important properties of materials such as optical diode effect, e.g., in polar ferromagnet FeZnMo 3O 8. Here, we illustrate these concepts, including the non-reciprocal directional dichroism, through a number of practical examples. In particular, the conditions for non-reciprocity of ferro-rotational order are discussed and the possible use of linear optical gyration is suggested as a way to detect ferro-rotational domains. In addition, we provide the means to achieve high-temperature optical diode effect and elucidate multiferroic behaviors as a result of helicalmore » vs. cycloidal spins. Finally, we identify different entities behaving similarly under all symmetry operations, which are useful to understand non-reciprocity and multiferroicity in various materials intuitively.« less
  6. We explore a variant of the Φ 6 model originally proposed in Phys. Rev.D 12 (1975) 1606 as a prototypical, so-called, “bag” model in which domain walls play the role of quarks within hadrons. We examine the steady state of the model, namely an apparent bound state of two kink structures. We explore its linearization, and we find that, as a function of a parameter controlling the curvature of the potential, an effectively arbitrary number of internal modes may arise in the point spectrum of the linearization about the domain wall profile. We explore some of the key characteristics ofmore » kink-antikink collisions, such as the critical velocity and the multi-bounce windows, and how they depend on the principal parameter of the model. We find that the critical velocity exhibits a non-monotonic dependence on the parameter controlling the curvature of the potential. For the multi-bounce windows, we find that their range and complexity decrease as the relevant parameter decreases (and as the number of internal modes in the model increases). We use a modified collective coordinates method [in the spirit of recent works such as Phys. Rev.D 94 (2016) 085008] in order to capture the relevant phenomenology in a semi-analytical manner.« less
  7. Despite intense investigations and many accepted viewpoints on theory and experiment, the coherent and incoherent carrier transport in organic semiconductors remains an unsettled topic due to the strong electron-phonon coupling. Based on the tight-binding Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) model combined with a non-adiabatic dynamics method, we study the effect of phase-breaking on polaron transport by introducing a group of phase-breaking factors into π-electron wave-functions in organic conjugated polymers. Two approaches are applied: the modification of the transfer integral and the phase-breaking addition to the wave-function. Within the former, it is found that a single site phase-breaking can trap a polaron. However, withmore » a larger regular phase-breaking a polaron becomes more delocalized and lighter. Additionally, a group of disordered phase-breaking factors can make the polaron disperse in transport process. Within the latter approach, we show that the phase-breaking can render the delocalized state in valence band discrete and the state in the gap more localized. Consequently, the phase-breaking frequency and intensity can reduce the stability of a polaron. Furthermore, the phase-breaking in organic systems is the main factor that degrades the coherent transport and destroys the carrier stability.« less
  8. This paper is meant as an accessible introduction to/tutorial on the analytical construction and numerical simulation of a class of nonstandard solitary waves termed peakompactons. We present that these peaked compactly supported waves arise as solutions to nonlinear evolution equations from a hierarchy of nonlinearly dispersive Korteweg–de Vries-type models. Peakompactons, like the now-well-known compactons and unlike the soliton solutions of the Korteweg–de Vries equation, have finite support, i.e., they are of finite wavelength. However, unlike compactons, peakompactons are also peaked, i.e., a higher spatial derivative suffers a jump discontinuity at the wave’s crest. Here, we construct such solutions exactly bymore » reducing the governing partial differential equation to a nonlinear ordinary differential equation and employing a phase-plane analysis. Lastly, a simple, but reliable, finite-difference scheme is also designed and tested for the simulation of collisions of peakompactons. In addition to the peakompacton class of solutions, the general physical features of the so-called K #(n,m) hierarchy of nonlinearly dispersive Korteweg–de Vries-type models are discussed as well.« less
  9. Here, based on the completeness relation for the squared solutions of the Lax operator L, we show that a subset of nonlocal equations from the hierarchy of nonlocal nonlinear Schrödinger equations (NLS) is a completely integrable system. The spectral properties of the Lax operator indicate that there are two types of soliton solutions. The relevant action-angle variables are parametrized by the scattering data of the Lax operator. The notion of the symplectic basis, which directly maps the variations of the potential of L to the variations of the action-angle variables has been generalized to the nonlocal case. We also showmore » that the inverse scattering method can be viewed as a generalized Fourier transform. Lastly, using the trace identities and the symplectic basis, we construct the hierarchy Hamiltonian structures for the nonlocal NLS equations.« less
  10. Here, we invesmore » tigate PT -symmetric quantum systems ultraweakly coupled to an environment. We find that such open systems evolve under PT -symmetric, purely dephasing and unital dynamics. The dynamical map describing the evolution is then determined explicitly using a quantum canonical transformation. Furthermore, we provide an explanation of why PT -symmetric dephasing-type interactions lead to a critical slowing down of decoherence. This effect is further exemplified with an experimentally relevant system, a PT -symmetric qubit easily realizable, e.g., in optical or microcavity experiments.« less

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