Heteropoly acid functionalized fluoroelastomer with outstanding chemical durability and performance for vehicular fuel cellsTo further facilitate commercialization of automotive fuel cells, durability concerns need to be addressed. Currently the addition of a mechanical support in the membrane is able to adequately solve issues of mechanical degradation, but chemical degradation via oxygenated radical attack remains an unsolved challenge. Typical mitigation strategies use cerium or manganese species to serve as radical scavengers, but these ions are able to migrate in the membrane and even leach out of the system. The approach used in this paper is to covalently link and immobilize a heteropoly acid (HPA), more specifically 11-silicotungstic acid (HSiW11), a lacunary HPA of themore »
Multi-component Fe–Ni hydroxide nanocatalyst for oxygen evolution and methanol oxidation reactions under alkaline conditionsHere, iron-incorporated nickel-based materials show promise as catalysts for the oxygen evolution reac-tion (OER) half-reaction of water electrolysis. Nickel has also exhibited high catalytic activity for methanol oxidation, particularly when in the form of a bimetallic catalyst. In this work, bimetallic iron-nickel nanoparticles were synthesized using a multi-step procedure in water under ambient conditions. When compared to monometallic iron and nickel nanoparticles, Fe-Ni nanoparticles show enhanced catalytic activity for both OER and methanol oxidation under alkaline conditions. At 1 mA/cm 2, the overpotential for monometallic iron and nickel nanoparticles was 421 mV and 476 mV, respectively, while the bimetallic Fe-Nimore »
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