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9 results for: perovskites
Creators/Authors contains: mandrus
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  1. Here we have performed inelastic neutron scattering (INS) experiments to investigate the magnetic excitations in the weakly distorted face-centered-cubic (fcc) iridate double perovskites Lamore » $$_2$$ZnIrO$$_6$$ and La$$_2$$MgIrO$$_6$$, which are characterized by A-type antiferromagnetic ground states. The powder inelastic neutron scattering data on these geometrically frustrated $$j_{\rm eff}=1/2$$ Mott insulators provide clear evidence for gapped spin wave excitations with very weak dispersion. The INS results and thermodynamic data on these materials can be reproduced by conventional Heisenberg-Ising models with significant uniaxial Ising anisotropy and sizeable second-neighbor ferromagnetic interactions. Such a uniaxial Ising exchange interaction is symmetry-forbidden on the ideal fcc lattice, so that it can only arise from the weak crystal distortions away from the ideal fcc limit. This may suggest that even weak distortions in $$j_{\rm eff}=1/2$$ Mott insulators might lead to strong exchange anisotropies. More tantalizingly, however, we find an alternative viable explanation of the INS results in terms of spin models with a dominant Kitaev interaction. In contrast to the uniaxial Ising exchange, the highly-directional Kitaev interaction is a type of exchange anisotropy which is symmetry-allowed even on the ideal fcc lattice. The Kitaev model has a magnon gap induced by quantum order-by-disorder, while weak anisotropies of the Kitaev couplings generated by the symmetry-lowering due to lattice distortions can pin the order and enhance the magnon gap. In conclusion, our findings highlight how even conventional magnetic orders in heavy transition metal oxides may be driven by highly-directional exchange interactions rooted in strong spin-orbit coupling.« less
  2. Here, much consideration has been given to the role of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in 5d oxides, particularly on the formation of novel electronic states and manifested metal-insulator transitions (MITs). SOC plays a dominant role in 5d 5 iridates (Ir 4+), undergoing MITs both concurrent (pyrochlores) and separated (perovskites) from the onset of magnetic order. However, the role of SOC for other 5d configurations is less clear. For example, 5d 3 (Os 5+) systems are expected to have an orbital singlet with reduced effective SOC. The pyrochlore Cd 2Os 2O 7 nonetheless exhibits a MIT entwined with magnetic order phenomenologically similarmore » to pyrochlore iridates. Here, we resolve the magnetic structure in Cd 2Os 2O 7 with neutron diffraction and then via resonant inelastic X-ray scattering determine the salient electronic and magnetic energy scales controlling the MIT. In particular, SOC plays a subtle role in creating the electronic ground state but drives the magnetic order and emergence of a multiple spin-flip magnetic excitation.« less
    Cited by 14Full Text Available
  3. The spin and orbital ordering in Dy₁₋ xTb xVO₃ (x=0 and 0.2) was studied by measuring x-ray powder diffraction, magnetization, specific heat, and neutron single-crystal diffraction. The results show that G-OO/C-AF and C-OO/G-AF phases coexist in Dy 0.8Tb 0.20VO 3 in the temperature range 2–60 K, and the volume fraction of each phase is temperature and field dependent. The ordering of Dy moments at T* = 12 K induces a transition from G-OO/C-AF to a C-OO/G-AF phase. Magnetic fields suppress the long-range order of Dy moments and thus the C-OO/G-AF phase below T*. The polarized moments induced at the Dymore » sublattice by external magnetic fields couple to the V 3d moments, and this coupling favors the G-OO/C-AF state. Also discussed is the effect of the Dy-V magnetic interaction and local structure distortion on the spin and orbital ordering in Dy₁₋ xTb xVO₃.« less
  4. Herein, we report the magnetic phase diagram of EuTi 1-xB xO 3 (B = Zr, Nb), determined from magnetization and heat capacity measurements. Upon Zr-doping, the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature TN of EuTi 1-xZr xO 3 gradually decreases from 5.6 K (x = 0) to 4.1 K (x = 1). Whereas a similar decrease in TN is observed for small amounts of Nb doping (x ≤ 0.05), ferromagnetism is induced in EuTi 1-xNb xO 3 with x > 0.05. Lastly, the ferromagnetic interaction between localized Eu 4f spins mediated by itinerant electrons introduced by Nb doping results in the ferromagnetism inmore » EuTi 1-xNb xO 3.« less
  5. Here, we investigate the structural and magnetic phase transitions in EuTi 1-xNb xO 3 (0≤x≤0.3) with synchrotron powder x-ray diffraction, resonant ultrasound spectroscopy, and magnetization measurements. Upon Nb doping, the Pmmore » $$\bar{3}$$m ↔ I4/mcm structural transition shifts to higher temperatures and the room temperature lattice parameter increases while the magnitude of the octahedral tilting decreases. In addition, Nb substitution for Ti destabilizes the antiferromagnetic ground state of the parent compound and long-range ferromagnetic order is observed in the samples with x≥0.1. Moreover, the structural transition in pure and doped compounds is marked by a dramatic step-like softening of the elastic moduli near T S, which resembles that of SrTiO 3 and can be adequately modeled using the Landau free energy model employing the same coupling between strain and octahedral tilting order parameter as previously used to model SrTiO 3.« less
  6. We study the high-temperature magnetic order in a quasi-two-dimensional honeycomb compound SrRu 2O 6 by measuring magnetization and neutron powder diffraction with both polarized and unpolarized neutrons. SrRu 2O 6 crystallizes into the hexagonal lead antimonate (PbSb 2O 6, space group P31m) structure with layers of edge-sharing RuO6 octahedra separated by Sr 2+ ions. SrRu 2O 6 is found to order at T N = 565 K with Ru moments coupled antiferromagnetically both in plane and out of plane. The magnetic moment is 1.30(2) μ B/Ru at room temperature and is along the crystallographic c axis in the G-type magneticmore » structure. We perform density functional calculations with constrained random-phase approximation (RPA) to obtain the electronic structure and effective intra- and interorbital interaction parameters. The projected density of states shows strong hybridization between Ru 4d and O 2p. By downfolding to the target t 2g bands we extract the effective magnetic Hamiltonian and perform Monte Carlo simulations to determine the transition temperature as a function of interand intraplane couplings. We find a weak interplane coupling, 3% of the strong intraplane coupling, permits three-dimensional magnetic order at the observed T N .« less
    Cited by 19Full Text Available
  7. High quality single crystals of BaFemore » $$_{12}$$O$$_{19}$$ were grown with the floating zone technique in flowing oxygen atmosphere of 100 atm. BaFe$$_{12}$$O$$_{19}$$ melts incongruently in atmospheric oxygen. High oxygen pressure above 50 atm modifies the melting behavior to be congruent, which allows for the crystal growth with the crucible-free floating zone technique. Single crystal neutron diffraction were measured to determine the nuclear and magnetic structures at 4 K and 295 K. At both temperatures, there exist local electric dipoles formed by the off-mirror-plane displacements of magnetic Fe$$^{3+}$$ ions at the bypyramidal sites. The displacement at 4 K is about half of that at room temperature. The temperature dependence of specific heat shows no anomaly associated with the long range polar ordering in the temperature range of 1.90-300~K. The inverse dielectric constant along the c-axis shows a $T^2$ temperature dependence below 20 K and then following by a plateau below 10 K, recognized as quantum paraelectric features. Further cooling below 1.4 K, the upturn region was clearly revealed and indicates BaFe$$_{12}$$O$$_{19}$$ is a critical quantum paraelectric system with Fe$$^{3+}$$ ions playing roles for both magnetic and electric dipoles.« less
  8. The singlet ground state magnetism in pyrochlore osmates Y 2Os 2O 7 and Ho 2Os 2O 7 is studied by DC and AC susceptibility, specific heat, and neutron powder diffraction measurements. Despite the expected non-magnetic singlet in the strong spin-orbit coupling (SOC) limit for Os 4+ (5d 4), Y 2Os 2O 7 exhibits a spin-glass (SG) ground state below 4 K with weak magnetism, suggesting possible proximity to a quantum phase transition between the non-magnetic state in the strong SOC limit and the magnetic state in the strong superexchange limit. Ho 2Os 2O 7 has the same structural distortion asmore » occurs in Y 2Os 2O 7. However, the Os sublattice in Ho 2Os 2O 7 shows long- range magnetic ordering below 36 K. We find that the sharp difference of the magnetic ground state between Y 2Os 2O 7 and Ho 2Os 2O 7 signals the singlet ground state magnetism in R 2 Os 2 O 7 is fragile and can be disturbed by the weak 4f—5d interactions.« less
  9. CrSiTe 3 has attracted recent interest as a candidate single-layer ferromagnetic semiconductor, but relatively little is known about the bulk properties of this material. Here, we report single-crystal X-ray diffraction, magnetic properties, thermal conductivity, vibrational, and optical spectroscopies and compare our findings with complementary electronic structure and lattice dynamics principles calculations. The high temperature paramagnetic phase is characterized by strong spin-lattice interactions that give rise to glassy behavior, negative thermal expansion, and an optical response that reveals that CrSiTe 3 is an indirect gap semiconductor with indirect and direct band gaps at 0.4 and 1.2 eV, respectively. Measurements of themore » phonons across the 33 K ferromagnetic transition provide additional evidence for strong coupling between the magnetic and lattice degrees of freedom. In conclusion, the Si-Te stretching and Te displacement modes are sensitive to the magnetic ordering transition, a finding that we discuss in terms of the superexchange mechanism. Lastly, spin-lattice coupling constants are also extracted.« less
    Cited by 29Full Text Available

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