skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: X-Ray Thomson-Scattering Measurements of Density and Temperature in Shock-Compressed Beryllium

Abstract

Here, we present the first x-ray scattering measurements of the state of compression and heating in laser irradiated solid beryllium. The scattered spectra at two different angles show Compton and plasmon features indicating a dense Fermi-degenerate plasma state with a Fermi energy above 30 eV and with temperatures in the range of 10–15 eV. These measurements indicate compression by a factor of 3 in agreement with Hugoniot data and detailed radiation-hydrodynamic modeling.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [2];  [4];  [2];  [2];  [5];  [2];  [3];  [5];  [2];  [2]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Rostock (Germany)
  4. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
971404
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1334272
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-406683
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; TRN: US1001193
Grant/Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48; FG52-07NA28057; FG52-06NA26212
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 102; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION; BERYLLIUM; COMPRESSION; HEATING; HYDRODYNAMICS; LASERS; PLASMA; PLASMONS; RADIATIONS; SCATTERING; SIMULATION; SPECTRA; THOMSON SCATTERING; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Lee, H. J., Neumayer, P., Castor, J., Döppner, T., Falcone, R. W., Fortmann, C., Hammel, B. A., Kritcher, A. L., Landen, O. L., Lee, R. W., Meyerhofer, D. D., Munro, D. H., Redmer, R., Regan, S. P., Weber, S., and Glenzer, S. H. X-Ray Thomson-Scattering Measurements of Density and Temperature in Shock-Compressed Beryllium. United States: N. p., 2009. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.115001.
Lee, H. J., Neumayer, P., Castor, J., Döppner, T., Falcone, R. W., Fortmann, C., Hammel, B. A., Kritcher, A. L., Landen, O. L., Lee, R. W., Meyerhofer, D. D., Munro, D. H., Redmer, R., Regan, S. P., Weber, S., & Glenzer, S. H. X-Ray Thomson-Scattering Measurements of Density and Temperature in Shock-Compressed Beryllium. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.115001.
Lee, H. J., Neumayer, P., Castor, J., Döppner, T., Falcone, R. W., Fortmann, C., Hammel, B. A., Kritcher, A. L., Landen, O. L., Lee, R. W., Meyerhofer, D. D., Munro, D. H., Redmer, R., Regan, S. P., Weber, S., and Glenzer, S. H. Sun . "X-Ray Thomson-Scattering Measurements of Density and Temperature in Shock-Compressed Beryllium". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.115001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/971404.
@article{osti_971404,
title = {X-Ray Thomson-Scattering Measurements of Density and Temperature in Shock-Compressed Beryllium},
author = {Lee, H. J. and Neumayer, P. and Castor, J. and Döppner, T. and Falcone, R. W. and Fortmann, C. and Hammel, B. A. and Kritcher, A. L. and Landen, O. L. and Lee, R. W. and Meyerhofer, D. D. and Munro, D. H. and Redmer, R. and Regan, S. P. and Weber, S. and Glenzer, S. H.},
abstractNote = {Here, we present the first x-ray scattering measurements of the state of compression and heating in laser irradiated solid beryllium. The scattered spectra at two different angles show Compton and plasmon features indicating a dense Fermi-degenerate plasma state with a Fermi energy above 30 eV and with temperatures in the range of 10–15 eV. These measurements indicate compression by a factor of 3 in agreement with Hugoniot data and detailed radiation-hydrodynamic modeling.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.115001},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 11,
volume = 102,
place = {United States},
year = {2009},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 103 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Phase Transition in a Strongly Nonideal Deuterium Plasma Generated by Quasi-Isentropical Compression at Megabar Pressures
journal, October 2007


A quantum fluid of metallic hydrogen suggested by first-principles calculations
journal, October 2004

  • Bonev, Stanimir A.; Schwegler, Eric; Ogitsu, Tadashi
  • Nature, Vol. 431, Issue 7009
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02968

The physics basis for ignition using indirect-drive targets on the National Ignition Facility
journal, February 2004

  • Lindl, John D.; Amendt, Peter; Berger, Richard L.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 11, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1578638

Progress in direct-drive inertial confinement fusion
journal, May 2008

  • McCrory, R. L.; Meyerhofer, D. D.; Betti, R.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 15, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2837048

Dense matter characterization by X-ray Thomson scattering
journal, October 2001

  • Landen, O. L.; Glenzer, S. H.; Edwards, M. J.
  • Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Vol. 71, Issue 2-6
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0022-4073(01)00090-5

Finite temperature dense matter studies on next-generation light sources
journal, January 2003

  • Lee, Richard W.; Moon, Stephen J.; Chung, Hyun-Kyung
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America B, Vol. 20, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1364/JOSAB.20.000770

X‐ray radiographic measurements of radiation‐driven shock and interface motion in solid density material
journal, July 1993

  • Hammel, B. A.; Griswold, D.; Landen, O. L.
  • Physics of Fluids B: Plasma Physics, Vol. 5, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.860759

Optically induced lattice dynamics probed with ultrafast x-ray diffraction
journal, April 2008


X-Ray Diffraction from a Dense Plasma
journal, February 2000


Angular sensitivity of gated microchannel plate framing cameras
journal, January 2001

  • Landen, O. L.; Lobban, A.; Tutt, T.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 72, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1318256

X-ray probe development for collective scattering measurements in dense plasmas
journal, May 2006

  • Urry, M. K.; Gregori, G.; Landen, O. L.
  • Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Vol. 99, Issue 1-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2005.05.051

K-alpha conversion efficiency measurements for X-ray scattering in inertial confinement fusion plasmas
journal, May 2007


Demonstration of Spectrally Resolved X-Ray Scattering in Dense Plasmas
journal, May 2003


Observations of Plasmons in Warm Dense Matter
journal, February 2007


Diagnosing direct-drive, shock-heated, and compressed plastic planar foils with noncollective spectrally resolved x-ray scattering
journal, December 2007

  • Sawada, H.; Regan, S. P.; Meyerhofer, D. D.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 14, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2819675

Direct Observation of Strong Ion Coupling in Laser-Driven Shock-Compressed Targets
journal, September 2007


Spectrally resolved X-ray scatter from laser-shock-driven plasmas
journal, July 2007


Probing warm dense lithium by inelastic X-ray scattering
journal, October 2008

  • García Saiz, E.; Gregori, G.; Gericke, D. O.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 4, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1103

Ultrafast X-ray Thomson Scattering of Shock-Compressed Matter
journal, October 2008


Hypernetted Chain Calculations for Two-Component Plasmas
journal, July 2007

  • Schwarz, V.; Bornath, Th.; Kraeft, W. -D.
  • Contributions to Plasma Physics, Vol. 47, Issue 4-5
  • DOI: 10.1002/ctpp.200710043

Structure of strongly coupled multicomponent plasmas
journal, May 2008


Plasmon resonance in warm dense matter
journal, August 2008


The Role of the Laboratory for Laser Energetics in the National Ignition Facility Project
journal, December 1996


Enhancement of x-ray yield from the Z-Beamlet laser for monochromatic backlighting by using a prepulse
journal, October 2006

  • Sinars, D. B.; Bennett, G. R.; Herrmann, M. C.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 77, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2228515

Theoretical model of x-ray scattering as a dense matter probe
journal, February 2003


Generalized x-ray scattering cross section from nonequilibrium plasmas
journal, August 2006


Interaction of photons with plasmas and liquid metals - photoabsorption and scattering
journal, December 1999


Theory of X-ray Thomson scattering in dense plasmas
journal, February 2005

  • Redmer, R.; Reinholz, H.; Ropke, G.
  • IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 33, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/TPS.2004.841170

A new quotidian equation of state (QEOS) for hot dense matter
journal, January 1988

  • More, R. M.; Warren, K. H.; Young, D. A.
  • Physics of Fluids, Vol. 31, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.866963

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Ionization dynamics of dense matter generated by intense ultrashort X-ray pulses
    journal, February 2019

    • Shihab, Mohammed; Bornath, Thomas; Redmer, Ronald
    • Contributions to Plasma Physics, Vol. 59, Issue 4-5
    • DOI: 10.1002/ctpp.201800156

    Ionization dynamics of dense matter generated by intense ultrashort X-ray pulses
    journal, February 2019

    • Shihab, Mohammed; Bornath, Thomas; Redmer, Ronald
    • Contributions to Plasma Physics, Vol. 59, Issue 4-5
    • DOI: 10.1002/ctpp.201800156

    Hypernetted Chain Calculations for Multi-Component and NonEquilibrium Plasmas
    journal, May 2013

    • Bredow, R.; Bornath, Th.; Kraeft, W. -D.
    • Contributions to Plasma Physics, Vol. 53, Issue 4-5
    • DOI: 10.1002/ctpp.201200117

    Analysis and implementation of a space resolving spherical crystal spectrometer for x-ray Thomson scattering experiments
    journal, April 2015

    • Harding, E. C.; Ao, T.; Bailey, J. E.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 86, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4918619

    Quantum Effects of Nonlocal Plasmons in Epsilon-Near-Zero Properties of a Thin Gold Film Slab
    journal, May 2015

    • Moaied, Modjtaba; Yajadda, Mir Massoud Aghili; Ostrikov, Kostya
    • Plasmonics, Vol. 10, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1007/s11468-015-9951-0

    Observation of finite-wavelength screening in high-energy-density matter
    journal, April 2015

    • Chapman, D. A.; Vorberger, J.; Fletcher, L. B.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7839

    Imaging x-ray Thomson scattering spectrometer design and demonstration (invited)
    journal, October 2012

    • Gamboa, E. J.; Huntington, C. M.; Trantham, M. R.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4731755

    Planar and nonplanar electron acoustic solitons in dissipative quantum plasma
    journal, November 2017

    • Sahu, Biswajit; Roy, Debasish
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 24, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5001052

    Developing a long-duration Zn K-α source for x-ray scattering experiments
    journal, October 2018

    • MacDonald, M. J.; Saunders, A. M.; Falcone, R. W.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 89, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5039365

    Measurement of ionic structure in isochorically heated graphite from X-ray Thomson scattering
    journal, February 2019

    • Lv, Min; Hu, Zhimin; Hou, Yong
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5054088

    Measurements of the momentum-dependence of plasmonic excitations in matter around 1 Mbar using an X-ray free electron laser
    journal, January 2019

    • Preston, T. R.; Appel, K.; Brambrink, E.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 114, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5070140

    Characterization of an imploding cylindrical plasma for electron transport studies using x-ray emission spectroscopy
    journal, February 2020

    • Dozières, M.; Hansen, S.; Forestier-Colleoni, P.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 27, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5125271

    Imaging X-ray crystal spectrometer for laser-produced plasmas
    journal, April 2011


    X-ray scattering measurements on imploding CH spheres at the National Ignition Facility
    journal, July 2016


    Dynamical structure factor of strongly coupled ions in a dense quantum plasma
    journal, May 2019


    Electronic Structure of Warm Dense Copper Studied by Ultrafast X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy
    journal, April 2011


    In-Flight Measurements of Capsule Shell Adiabats in Laser-Driven Implosions
    journal, July 2011


    Quantum-Mechanical Calculation of Ionization-Potential Lowering in Dense Plasmas
    journal, July 2014


    X-ray Thomson scattering in high energy density plasmas
    journal, December 2009


    Colloquium : Nonlinear collective interactions in quantum plasmas with degenerate electron fluids
    journal, September 2011


    The Matter in Extreme Conditions instrument at the Linac Coherent Light Source
    journal, April 2015

    • Nagler, Bob; Arnold, Brice; Bouchard, Gary
    • Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, Vol. 22, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1107/s1600577515004865