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Title: Low cost textile-grade carbon-fiber epoxy composites for automotive and wind energy applications

Abstract

Carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites are highly desirable for automotive and wind energy applications due to advantages associated with weight reduction, high stiffness and strength, durability, and recyclability. The high cost of carbon fiber has been a limiting factor in its widespread adoption in non-aerospace applications. A low cost (estimated < $11 per kg) wide tow (450-600k) carbon fiber derived from textile grade polyacrylonitirile precursor, and hence called Textile Grade Carbon Fiber (TCF) is introduced in this paper. Fundamental aspects of the TCF are discussed along with a detailed characterization of its mechanical properties. Two manufacturing processes relevant to automotive and wind energy applications are considered, namely-compression molding and resin infusion. Furthermore, at various stages the TCF has been compared to commercial non-aerospace 50k carbon fiber composite. Detailed physical and mechanical properties including tensile, flexural, compression, and interlaminar shear properties are reported and compared to non-aerospace carbon fiber composite. The results provide a means for designers and end-users in the automotive and wind energy sector to consider different forms of economical non-aerospace carbon fibers.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Fibers and Composites Manufacturing Facility
  2. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Fibers and Composites Manufacturing Facility; Inst. for Advanced Composites Manufacturing Innovation, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  3. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Fibers and Composites Manufacturing Facility; Inst. for Advanced Composites Manufacturing Innovation, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Knoxville, TN (United States). Manufacturing Demonstration Facility
  4. Inst. for Advanced Composites Manufacturing Innovation, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Carbon Fiber Technology Facility
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1798611
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1637556
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; EE0006926
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Composites Part B: Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 198; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-8368
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; textile grade carbon fiber; non-aerospace; wide tow; mechanical properties; automotive applications; wind energy; wind turbine blades; composites engineering

Citation Formats

Hiremath, Nitilaksha, Young, Stephen, Ghossein, Hicham, Penumadu, Dayakar, Vaidya, Uday, and Theodore, Merlin. Low cost textile-grade carbon-fiber epoxy composites for automotive and wind energy applications. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2020.108156.
Hiremath, Nitilaksha, Young, Stephen, Ghossein, Hicham, Penumadu, Dayakar, Vaidya, Uday, & Theodore, Merlin. Low cost textile-grade carbon-fiber epoxy composites for automotive and wind energy applications. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2020.108156
Hiremath, Nitilaksha, Young, Stephen, Ghossein, Hicham, Penumadu, Dayakar, Vaidya, Uday, and Theodore, Merlin. Sat . "Low cost textile-grade carbon-fiber epoxy composites for automotive and wind energy applications". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2020.108156. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1798611.
@article{osti_1798611,
title = {Low cost textile-grade carbon-fiber epoxy composites for automotive and wind energy applications},
author = {Hiremath, Nitilaksha and Young, Stephen and Ghossein, Hicham and Penumadu, Dayakar and Vaidya, Uday and Theodore, Merlin},
abstractNote = {Carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites are highly desirable for automotive and wind energy applications due to advantages associated with weight reduction, high stiffness and strength, durability, and recyclability. The high cost of carbon fiber has been a limiting factor in its widespread adoption in non-aerospace applications. A low cost (estimated < $11 per kg) wide tow (450-600k) carbon fiber derived from textile grade polyacrylonitirile precursor, and hence called Textile Grade Carbon Fiber (TCF) is introduced in this paper. Fundamental aspects of the TCF are discussed along with a detailed characterization of its mechanical properties. Two manufacturing processes relevant to automotive and wind energy applications are considered, namely-compression molding and resin infusion. Furthermore, at various stages the TCF has been compared to commercial non-aerospace 50k carbon fiber composite. Detailed physical and mechanical properties including tensile, flexural, compression, and interlaminar shear properties are reported and compared to non-aerospace carbon fiber composite. The results provide a means for designers and end-users in the automotive and wind energy sector to consider different forms of economical non-aerospace carbon fibers.},
doi = {10.1016/j.compositesb.2020.108156},
journal = {Composites Part B: Engineering},
number = ,
volume = 198,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {5}
}

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