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Title: Shock Hugoniot measurements of single-crystal 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) compressed to 83 GPa

Abstract

We present laser-driven shock Hugoniot measurements of single-crystal (SC) 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) between 15 and 83 GPa, spanning pressures below and well above the Chapman–Jouguet pressure of ~28 GPa for TATB formulations (TATB grains mixed with plastic binders at 5–10 wt. %). The new SC data are generally ~3% more compressible than previously published data on neat and formulated TATB measured in gas-gun and explosive-driven experiments. An exception is at compressions in the density of ~1.5 (~30–40 GPa), where our new SC data exhibit significantly lower pressures than previous results on overdriven TATB formulations, suggesting that our SC samples remain largely unreacted below 35 GPa over the short nanosecond-time scales inherent to our laser-driven experiments. We report these novel equation-of-state measurements are a critical step toward understanding TATB in its most fundamental form and improving predictive modeling of TATB-based explosives.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1798018
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1618497
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-805330
Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979; 1009029
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; 18-SI-004
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 127; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Crystalline solids; Shock compression; Explosives; Lasers; Interferometry; Equations of state; Shock waves; Speed of sound; Chemical kinetics and dynamics

Citation Formats

Marshall, M. C., Fernandez-Pañella, A., Myers, T. W., Eggert, J. H., Erskine, D. J., Bastea, S., Fried, L. E., and Leininger, L. D.. Shock Hugoniot measurements of single-crystal 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) compressed to 83 GPa. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0005818.
Marshall, M. C., Fernandez-Pañella, A., Myers, T. W., Eggert, J. H., Erskine, D. J., Bastea, S., Fried, L. E., & Leininger, L. D.. Shock Hugoniot measurements of single-crystal 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) compressed to 83 GPa. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0005818
Marshall, M. C., Fernandez-Pañella, A., Myers, T. W., Eggert, J. H., Erskine, D. J., Bastea, S., Fried, L. E., and Leininger, L. D.. Wed . "Shock Hugoniot measurements of single-crystal 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) compressed to 83 GPa". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0005818. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1798018.
@article{osti_1798018,
title = {Shock Hugoniot measurements of single-crystal 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) compressed to 83 GPa},
author = {Marshall, M. C. and Fernandez-Pañella, A. and Myers, T. W. and Eggert, J. H. and Erskine, D. J. and Bastea, S. and Fried, L. E. and Leininger, L. D.},
abstractNote = {We present laser-driven shock Hugoniot measurements of single-crystal (SC) 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) between 15 and 83 GPa, spanning pressures below and well above the Chapman–Jouguet pressure of ~28 GPa for TATB formulations (TATB grains mixed with plastic binders at 5–10 wt. %). The new SC data are generally ~3% more compressible than previously published data on neat and formulated TATB measured in gas-gun and explosive-driven experiments. An exception is at compressions in the density of ~1.5 (~30–40 GPa), where our new SC data exhibit significantly lower pressures than previous results on overdriven TATB formulations, suggesting that our SC samples remain largely unreacted below 35 GPa over the short nanosecond-time scales inherent to our laser-driven experiments. We report these novel equation-of-state measurements are a critical step toward understanding TATB in its most fundamental form and improving predictive modeling of TATB-based explosives.},
doi = {10.1063/5.0005818},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 18,
volume = 127,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {5}
}

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