skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Observation of Unconventional Dynamics of Domain Walls in Uniaxial Ferroelectric Lead Germanate

Abstract

Application of scanning probe microscopy techniques such as piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) opens the possibility to re-visit the ferroelectrics previously studied by the macroscopic electrical testing methods and establish a link between their local nanoscale characteristics and integral response. It is reported that the nanoscale PFM studies and phase-field modeling of the static and dynamic behavior of the domain structure in the well-known ferroelectric material lead germanate Pb5Ge3O11. Here, several unusual phenomena are revealed: 1) domain formation during the paraelectric-to-ferroelectric phase transition, which exhibits an atypical cooling rate dependence; 2) unexpected electrically induced formation of the oblate domains due to the preferential domain walls motion in the directions perpendicular to the polar axis, contrary to the typical domain growth behavior observed so far; 3) absence of the bound charges at the 180 degrees head-to-head (H-H) and tail-totail (T-T) domain walls, which typically exhibit a significant charge density in other ferroelectrics due to the polarization discontinuity. This strikingly different behavior is rationalized by the phase field modeling of the dynamics of uncharged H-H and T-T domain walls. The results provide a new insight into the emergent physics of the ferroelectric domain boundaries, revealing unusual properties not exhibited by conventional Ising-type walls.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [2];  [4];  [3];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States)
  2. Norwegian Inst. of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway)
  3. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
  4. Queen's Univ., Belfast, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)
  5. Univ. of Cologne (Germany)
  6. Univ. of Picardie, Amiens (France)
  7. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; National Science Foundation (NSF); Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC); US‐Ireland R&D Partnership Programme
OSTI Identifier:
1756442
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1605329
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; DMR‐1709237; DMR‐1420645; DMR‐1420620; EP/P02453X/1; USI 120
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 30; Journal Issue: 21; Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ferroelectric domain walls; lead germanate; phase transition; piezoresponsive materials; polarization reversal

Citation Formats

Bak, Ohheum, Holstad, Theodor S., Tan, Yueze, Lu, Haidong, Evans, Donald M., Hunnestad, Kasper A., Wang, Bo, McConville, James V., Becker, Petra, Bohatý, Ladislav, Lukyanchuk, Igor, Vinokur, Valerii M., van Helvoort, Antonius J., Gregg, J. Marty, Chen, Long‐Qing, Meier, Dennis, and Gruverman, Alexei. Observation of Unconventional Dynamics of Domain Walls in Uniaxial Ferroelectric Lead Germanate. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.202000284.
Bak, Ohheum, Holstad, Theodor S., Tan, Yueze, Lu, Haidong, Evans, Donald M., Hunnestad, Kasper A., Wang, Bo, McConville, James V., Becker, Petra, Bohatý, Ladislav, Lukyanchuk, Igor, Vinokur, Valerii M., van Helvoort, Antonius J., Gregg, J. Marty, Chen, Long‐Qing, Meier, Dennis, & Gruverman, Alexei. Observation of Unconventional Dynamics of Domain Walls in Uniaxial Ferroelectric Lead Germanate. United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.202000284
Bak, Ohheum, Holstad, Theodor S., Tan, Yueze, Lu, Haidong, Evans, Donald M., Hunnestad, Kasper A., Wang, Bo, McConville, James V., Becker, Petra, Bohatý, Ladislav, Lukyanchuk, Igor, Vinokur, Valerii M., van Helvoort, Antonius J., Gregg, J. Marty, Chen, Long‐Qing, Meier, Dennis, and Gruverman, Alexei. Wed . "Observation of Unconventional Dynamics of Domain Walls in Uniaxial Ferroelectric Lead Germanate". United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.202000284. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1756442.
@article{osti_1756442,
title = {Observation of Unconventional Dynamics of Domain Walls in Uniaxial Ferroelectric Lead Germanate},
author = {Bak, Ohheum and Holstad, Theodor S. and Tan, Yueze and Lu, Haidong and Evans, Donald M. and Hunnestad, Kasper A. and Wang, Bo and McConville, James V. and Becker, Petra and Bohatý, Ladislav and Lukyanchuk, Igor and Vinokur, Valerii M. and van Helvoort, Antonius J. and Gregg, J. Marty and Chen, Long‐Qing and Meier, Dennis and Gruverman, Alexei},
abstractNote = {Application of scanning probe microscopy techniques such as piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) opens the possibility to re-visit the ferroelectrics previously studied by the macroscopic electrical testing methods and establish a link between their local nanoscale characteristics and integral response. It is reported that the nanoscale PFM studies and phase-field modeling of the static and dynamic behavior of the domain structure in the well-known ferroelectric material lead germanate Pb5Ge3O11. Here, several unusual phenomena are revealed: 1) domain formation during the paraelectric-to-ferroelectric phase transition, which exhibits an atypical cooling rate dependence; 2) unexpected electrically induced formation of the oblate domains due to the preferential domain walls motion in the directions perpendicular to the polar axis, contrary to the typical domain growth behavior observed so far; 3) absence of the bound charges at the 180 degrees head-to-head (H-H) and tail-totail (T-T) domain walls, which typically exhibit a significant charge density in other ferroelectrics due to the polarization discontinuity. This strikingly different behavior is rationalized by the phase field modeling of the dynamics of uncharged H-H and T-T domain walls. The results provide a new insight into the emergent physics of the ferroelectric domain boundaries, revealing unusual properties not exhibited by conventional Ising-type walls.},
doi = {10.1002/adfm.202000284},
journal = {Advanced Functional Materials},
number = 21,
volume = 30,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Ferroelectricity in Pb 5 Ge 3 O 11
journal, August 1971

  • Nanamatsu, Satoshi; Sugiyama, Hiroshi; Doi, Kikuo
  • Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 31, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.31.616

Ferroelectric Optical Rotation Domains in Single‐Crystal Pb 5 Ge 3 O 11
journal, May 1972

  • Dougherty, J. P.; Sawaguchi, E.; Cross, L. E.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 20, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1654188

Conducting Domain Walls in Lithium Niobate Single Crystals
journal, May 2012

  • Schröder, Mathias; Haußmann, Alexander; Thiessen, Andreas
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201201174

Tip-induced domain growth on the non-polar cuts of lithium niobate single-crystals
journal, May 2015

  • Alikin, D. O.; Ievlev, A. V.; Turygin, A. P.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 106, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4919872

Electrical Tunability of Domain Wall Conductivity in LiNbO 3 Thin Films
journal, October 2019

  • Lu, Haidong; Tan, Yueze; McConville, James P. V.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 31, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201902890

Optical Activity of Ferroelectric 5PbO·3GeO 2 Single Crystals
journal, August 1971

  • Iwasaki, Hiroshi; Sugii, Kiyomasa
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 19, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1653848

Forming of the domain structure in lead germanate during phase transition
journal, February 1993


Contrast mechanisms for the detection of ferroelectric domains with scanning force microscopy
journal, March 2009


Symmetry Breaking and Electrical Frustration during Tip-Induced Polarization Switching in the Nonpolar Cut of Lithium Niobate Single Crystals
journal, December 2014

  • Ievlev, Anton V.; Alikin, Denis O.; Morozovska, Anna N.
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 9, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn506268g

Dynamics of ferroelectric domain growth in the field of atomic force microscope
journal, May 2006

  • Agronin, A.; Molotskii, M.; Rosenwaks, Y.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 99, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2197264

5PbO·3GeO 2 CRYSTAL; A NEW FERROELECTRIC
journal, May 1971

  • Iwasaki, Hiroshi; Sugii, Kiyomasa; Yamada, Tomoaki
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 18, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1653487

Conduction at domain walls in oxide multiferroics
journal, January 2009

  • Seidel, J.; Martin, L. W.; He, Q.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2373

Polarization Switching Ability Dependent on Multidomain Topology in a Uniaxial Organic Ferroelectric
journal, December 2013

  • Kagawa, Fumitaka; Horiuchi, Sachio; Minami, Nao
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl403828u

Kinetics of domain growth, theory, and Monte Carlo simulations: A two-dimensional martensitic phase transition model system
journal, September 1989


Dynamics of domain structure in uniaxial ferroelectrics
journal, November 1990


Anisotropic conductance at improper ferroelectric domain walls
journal, February 2012

  • Meier, D.; Seidel, J.; Cano, A.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3249

Subsurface nanodomains with in-plane polarization in uniaxial ferroelectrics via scanning force microscopy
journal, November 2013


Piezoresponse force microscopy and recent advances in nanoscale studies of ferroelectrics
journal, January 2006


Domain growth kinetics in lithium niobate single crystals studied by piezoresponse force microscopy
journal, January 2005

  • Rodriguez, B. J.; Nemanich, R. J.; Kingon, A.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 86, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1845594

Slow quenching for a one-dimensional kinetic Ising model: Residual energy and domain growth
journal, December 1988

  • Schilling, R.
  • Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 53, Issue 5-6
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01023866

Domain structure of lead germanate
journal, October 1989


Kinetics of domain growth: The relevance of two-step quenches
journal, April 1986


Statics and Dynamics of Ferroelectric Domains in Diisopropylammonium Bromide
journal, October 2015


Piezoresponse force microscopy and nanoferroic phenomena
journal, April 2019


A microscopic theory for antiphase boundary motion and its application to antiphase domain coarsening
journal, June 1979


Domain Nucleation During Polarization Reversal in Lead Germanate
journal, September 1994

  • Gruverman, Alexei; Ponomarev, Nikolai; Takahashi, Koichiro
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 33, Issue Part 1, No. 9B
  • DOI: 10.1143/JJAP.33.5536