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Title: One-dimensional twisted and tubular structures of zinc oxide by semiconductor-catalyzed vapor–liquid–solid synthesis

Abstract

The exploration of unconventional catalysts for the vapor-liquid-solid synthesis of one-dimensional materials promises to yield new morphologies and functionality. Here, we show, for the model ZnO system, that unusual nanostructures can be produced via a semiconductor (Ge) catalyst. As well as the usual straight nanowires, we describe two other distinct morphologies: twisted nanowires and twisted nanotubes. The twisted nanotubes show large hollow cores and surprisingly high twisting rates, up to 9°/μm, that cannot be easily explained through the Eshelby twist model. A combination of ex situ and in situ transmission electron microscopy measurements suggest that the hollow core results from a competition between growth and etching at the Ge-ZnO interface during synthesis. The twisting rate is consistent with a softening of elastic rigidity. Finally, these results indicate that the use of unconventional, nonmetallic catalysts provides opportunities to synthesize unusual oxide nanostructures with potentially useful properties.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [2];  [3]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
  2. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
  3. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  4. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1756179
Report Number(s):
BNL-220767-2020-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0957-4484
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; SC0019336; AC02-98CH10886; DMR-1419807
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nanotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 32; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0957-4484
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Pham, Thang, Kommandur, Sampath, Lee, Haeyeon, Zakharov, Dmitri, Filler, Michael A., and Ross, Frances M.. One-dimensional twisted and tubular structures of zinc oxide by semiconductor-catalyzed vapor–liquid–solid synthesis. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6528/abc452.
Pham, Thang, Kommandur, Sampath, Lee, Haeyeon, Zakharov, Dmitri, Filler, Michael A., & Ross, Frances M.. One-dimensional twisted and tubular structures of zinc oxide by semiconductor-catalyzed vapor–liquid–solid synthesis. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6528/abc452
Pham, Thang, Kommandur, Sampath, Lee, Haeyeon, Zakharov, Dmitri, Filler, Michael A., and Ross, Frances M.. Tue . "One-dimensional twisted and tubular structures of zinc oxide by semiconductor-catalyzed vapor–liquid–solid synthesis". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6528/abc452. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1756179.
@article{osti_1756179,
title = {One-dimensional twisted and tubular structures of zinc oxide by semiconductor-catalyzed vapor–liquid–solid synthesis},
author = {Pham, Thang and Kommandur, Sampath and Lee, Haeyeon and Zakharov, Dmitri and Filler, Michael A. and Ross, Frances M.},
abstractNote = {The exploration of unconventional catalysts for the vapor-liquid-solid synthesis of one-dimensional materials promises to yield new morphologies and functionality. Here, we show, for the model ZnO system, that unusual nanostructures can be produced via a semiconductor (Ge) catalyst. As well as the usual straight nanowires, we describe two other distinct morphologies: twisted nanowires and twisted nanotubes. The twisted nanotubes show large hollow cores and surprisingly high twisting rates, up to 9°/μm, that cannot be easily explained through the Eshelby twist model. A combination of ex situ and in situ transmission electron microscopy measurements suggest that the hollow core results from a competition between growth and etching at the Ge-ZnO interface during synthesis. The twisting rate is consistent with a softening of elastic rigidity. Finally, these results indicate that the use of unconventional, nonmetallic catalysts provides opportunities to synthesize unusual oxide nanostructures with potentially useful properties.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-6528/abc452},
journal = {Nanotechnology},
number = 7,
volume = 32,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {11}
}

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