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Title: Operando measurement of lattice strain in internal combustion engine components by neutron diffraction

Abstract

Engineering neutron diffraction can nondestructively and noninvasively probe stress, strain, temperature, and phase evolutions deep within bulk materials. In this work, we demonstrate operando lattice strain measurement of internal combustion engine components by neutron diffraction. A modified commercial generator engine was mounted in the VULCAN diffractometer at the Spallation Neutron Source, and the lattice strains in both the cylinder block and head were measured under static nonfiring conditions as well as steady state and cyclic transient operation. The dynamic temporal response of the lattice strain change during transient operation was resolved in two locations by asynchronous stroboscopic neutron diffraction. We demonstrated that operando neutron measurements can allow for understanding of how materials behave throughout operational engineering devices. This study opens a pathway for the industrial and academic communities to better understand the complexities of material behavior during the operation of internal combustion engines and other real-scale devices and systems and to leverage techniques developed here for future investigations of numerous new platforms and alloys.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1742079
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1787233; OSTI ID: 1808407
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Journal Volume: 117 Journal Issue: 52; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; neutron diffraction; operando; in situ; internal combustion engine; time-resolved

Citation Formats

Wissink, Martin L., Chen, Yan, Frost, Matthew J., Curran, Scott J., Rios, Orlando, Sims, Zachary C., Weiss, David, Stromme, Eric T., and An, Ke. Operando measurement of lattice strain in internal combustion engine components by neutron diffraction. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2012960117.
Wissink, Martin L., Chen, Yan, Frost, Matthew J., Curran, Scott J., Rios, Orlando, Sims, Zachary C., Weiss, David, Stromme, Eric T., & An, Ke. Operando measurement of lattice strain in internal combustion engine components by neutron diffraction. United States. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2012960117
Wissink, Martin L., Chen, Yan, Frost, Matthew J., Curran, Scott J., Rios, Orlando, Sims, Zachary C., Weiss, David, Stromme, Eric T., and An, Ke. Mon . "Operando measurement of lattice strain in internal combustion engine components by neutron diffraction". United States. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2012960117.
@article{osti_1742079,
title = {Operando measurement of lattice strain in internal combustion engine components by neutron diffraction},
author = {Wissink, Martin L. and Chen, Yan and Frost, Matthew J. and Curran, Scott J. and Rios, Orlando and Sims, Zachary C. and Weiss, David and Stromme, Eric T. and An, Ke},
abstractNote = {Engineering neutron diffraction can nondestructively and noninvasively probe stress, strain, temperature, and phase evolutions deep within bulk materials. In this work, we demonstrate operando lattice strain measurement of internal combustion engine components by neutron diffraction. A modified commercial generator engine was mounted in the VULCAN diffractometer at the Spallation Neutron Source, and the lattice strains in both the cylinder block and head were measured under static nonfiring conditions as well as steady state and cyclic transient operation. The dynamic temporal response of the lattice strain change during transient operation was resolved in two locations by asynchronous stroboscopic neutron diffraction. We demonstrated that operando neutron measurements can allow for understanding of how materials behave throughout operational engineering devices. This study opens a pathway for the industrial and academic communities to better understand the complexities of material behavior during the operation of internal combustion engines and other real-scale devices and systems and to leverage techniques developed here for future investigations of numerous new platforms and alloys.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.2012960117},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = 52,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2012960117

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