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Title: Reversible planar gliding and microcracking in a single-crystalline Ni-rich cathode

Abstract

High-energy nickel (Ni)–rich cathode will play a key role in advanced lithium (Li)–ion batteries, but it suffers from moisture sensitivity, side reactions, and gas generation. Single-crystalline Ni-rich cathode has a great potential to address the challenges present in its polycrystalline counterpart by reducing phase boundaries and materials surfaces. However, synthesis of high-performance single-crystalline Ni-rich cathode is very challenging, notwithstanding a fundamental linkage between overpotential, microstructure, and electrochemical behaviors in single-crystalline Ni-rich cathodes. In this study, we observe reversible planar gliding and microcracking along the (003) plane in a single-crystalline Ni-rich cathode. The reversible formation of microstructure defects is correlated with the localized stresses induced by a concentration gradient of Li atoms in the lattice, providing clues to mitigate particle fracture from synthesis modifications.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States); Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  4. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Transportation Office. Vehicle Technologies Office; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1737443
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1734972
Report Number(s):
BNL-220706-2020-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; LC000L053; SC0013004; AC05-76RL01830; DMR-1832808
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 370; Journal Issue: 6522; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; batteries; single crystal; high nickel

Citation Formats

Bi, Yujing, Tao, Jinhui, Wu, Yuqin, Li, Linze, Xu, Yaobin, Hu, Enyuan, Wu, Bingbin, Hu, Jiangtao, Wang, Chongmin, Zhang, Ji-Guang, Qi, Yue, and Xiao, Jie. Reversible planar gliding and microcracking in a single-crystalline Ni-rich cathode. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abc3167.
Bi, Yujing, Tao, Jinhui, Wu, Yuqin, Li, Linze, Xu, Yaobin, Hu, Enyuan, Wu, Bingbin, Hu, Jiangtao, Wang, Chongmin, Zhang, Ji-Guang, Qi, Yue, & Xiao, Jie. Reversible planar gliding and microcracking in a single-crystalline Ni-rich cathode. United States. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abc3167
Bi, Yujing, Tao, Jinhui, Wu, Yuqin, Li, Linze, Xu, Yaobin, Hu, Enyuan, Wu, Bingbin, Hu, Jiangtao, Wang, Chongmin, Zhang, Ji-Guang, Qi, Yue, and Xiao, Jie. Fri . "Reversible planar gliding and microcracking in a single-crystalline Ni-rich cathode". United States. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abc3167.
@article{osti_1737443,
title = {Reversible planar gliding and microcracking in a single-crystalline Ni-rich cathode},
author = {Bi, Yujing and Tao, Jinhui and Wu, Yuqin and Li, Linze and Xu, Yaobin and Hu, Enyuan and Wu, Bingbin and Hu, Jiangtao and Wang, Chongmin and Zhang, Ji-Guang and Qi, Yue and Xiao, Jie},
abstractNote = {High-energy nickel (Ni)–rich cathode will play a key role in advanced lithium (Li)–ion batteries, but it suffers from moisture sensitivity, side reactions, and gas generation. Single-crystalline Ni-rich cathode has a great potential to address the challenges present in its polycrystalline counterpart by reducing phase boundaries and materials surfaces. However, synthesis of high-performance single-crystalline Ni-rich cathode is very challenging, notwithstanding a fundamental linkage between overpotential, microstructure, and electrochemical behaviors in single-crystalline Ni-rich cathodes. In this study, we observe reversible planar gliding and microcracking along the (003) plane in a single-crystalline Ni-rich cathode. The reversible formation of microstructure defects is correlated with the localized stresses induced by a concentration gradient of Li atoms in the lattice, providing clues to mitigate particle fracture from synthesis modifications.},
doi = {10.1126/science.abc3167},
journal = {Science},
number = 6522,
volume = 370,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {12}
}

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