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Title: Aboveground Wood Production Is Sustained in the First Growing Season after Phloem-Disrupting Disturbance

Abstract

Carbon (C) cycling processes are particularly dynamic following disturbance, with initial responses often indicative of longer-term change. In northern Michigan, USA, we initiated the Forest Resilience Threshold Experiment (FoRTE) to identify the processes that sustain or lead to the decline of C cycling rates across multiple levels (0, 45, 65 and 85% targeted gross leaf area index loss) of disturbance severity and, in response, to separate disturbance types preferentially targeting large or small diameter trees. Simulating the effects of boring insects, we stem girdled > 3600 trees below diameter at breast height (DBH), immediately and permanently disrupting the phloem. Weekly DBH measurements of girdled and otherwise healthy trees (n > 700) revealed small but significant increases in daily aboveground wood net primary production (ANPPw) in the 65 and 85% disturbance severity treatments that emerged six weeks after girdling. However, we observed minimal change in end-of-season leaf area index and no significant differences in annual ANPPw among disturbance severities or between disturbance types, suggesting continued C fixation by girdled trees sustained stand-scale wood production in the first growing season after disturbance. We hypothesized higher disturbance severities would favor the growth of early successional species but observed no significant difference between earlymore » and middle to late successional species’ contributions to ANPPw across the disturbance severity gradient. We conclude that ANPPw stability immediately following phloem disruption is dependent on the continued, but inevitably temporary, growth of phloem-disrupted trees. Our findings provide insight into the tree-to-ecosystem mechanisms supporting stand-scale wood production stability in the first growing season following a phloem-disrupting disturbance.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Virginia Commonwealth Univ., Richmond, VA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Michigan, Pellston, MI (United States)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), College Park, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1734643
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-156853
Journal ID: ISSN 1999-4907
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830; 1655095
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Forests
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1999-4907
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; disturbance; aboveground net primary production; carbon cycle; eastern forests; disturbance severity; disturbance type; compensatory growth; successional cohort; leaf area index

Citation Formats

Grigri, Maxim S., Atkins, Jeff W., Vogel, Christoph, Bond-Lamberty, Ben, and Gough, Christopher M.. Aboveground Wood Production Is Sustained in the First Growing Season after Phloem-Disrupting Disturbance. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11121306.
Grigri, Maxim S., Atkins, Jeff W., Vogel, Christoph, Bond-Lamberty, Ben, & Gough, Christopher M.. Aboveground Wood Production Is Sustained in the First Growing Season after Phloem-Disrupting Disturbance. United States. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11121306
Grigri, Maxim S., Atkins, Jeff W., Vogel, Christoph, Bond-Lamberty, Ben, and Gough, Christopher M.. Sat . "Aboveground Wood Production Is Sustained in the First Growing Season after Phloem-Disrupting Disturbance". United States. https://doi.org/10.3390/f11121306. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1734643.
@article{osti_1734643,
title = {Aboveground Wood Production Is Sustained in the First Growing Season after Phloem-Disrupting Disturbance},
author = {Grigri, Maxim S. and Atkins, Jeff W. and Vogel, Christoph and Bond-Lamberty, Ben and Gough, Christopher M.},
abstractNote = {Carbon (C) cycling processes are particularly dynamic following disturbance, with initial responses often indicative of longer-term change. In northern Michigan, USA, we initiated the Forest Resilience Threshold Experiment (FoRTE) to identify the processes that sustain or lead to the decline of C cycling rates across multiple levels (0, 45, 65 and 85% targeted gross leaf area index loss) of disturbance severity and, in response, to separate disturbance types preferentially targeting large or small diameter trees. Simulating the effects of boring insects, we stem girdled > 3600 trees below diameter at breast height (DBH), immediately and permanently disrupting the phloem. Weekly DBH measurements of girdled and otherwise healthy trees (n > 700) revealed small but significant increases in daily aboveground wood net primary production (ANPPw) in the 65 and 85% disturbance severity treatments that emerged six weeks after girdling. However, we observed minimal change in end-of-season leaf area index and no significant differences in annual ANPPw among disturbance severities or between disturbance types, suggesting continued C fixation by girdled trees sustained stand-scale wood production in the first growing season after disturbance. We hypothesized higher disturbance severities would favor the growth of early successional species but observed no significant difference between early and middle to late successional species’ contributions to ANPPw across the disturbance severity gradient. We conclude that ANPPw stability immediately following phloem disruption is dependent on the continued, but inevitably temporary, growth of phloem-disrupted trees. Our findings provide insight into the tree-to-ecosystem mechanisms supporting stand-scale wood production stability in the first growing season following a phloem-disrupting disturbance.},
doi = {10.3390/f11121306},
journal = {Forests},
number = 12,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {12}
}

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