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Title: Adjoint-optimized nanoscale light extractor for nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond

Abstract

Abstract We designed a nanoscale light extractor (NLE) for the efficient outcoupling and beaming of broadband light emitted by shallow, negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in bulk diamond. The NLE consists of a patterned silicon layer on diamond and requires no etching of the diamond surface. Our design process is based on adjoint optimization using broadband time-domain simulations and yields structures that are inherently robust to positioning and fabrication errors. Our NLE functions like a transmission antenna for the NV center, enhancing the optical power extracted from an NV center positioned 10 nm below the diamond surface by a factor of more than 35, and beaming the light into a ±30° cone in the far field. This approach to light extraction can be readily adapted to other solid-state color centers.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [4];  [3];  [6]
  1. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
  2. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA, Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
  3. Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
  4. Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
  5. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA, Department of Engineering Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
  6. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA, Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1734376
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1774262
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0020313; CHE-1839174
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Nanophotonics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nanophotonics Journal Volume: 10 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2192-8606
Publisher:
Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Country of Publication:
Germany
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; adjoint optimization; color center; inverse design; Purcell enhancement; quantum sensing; topological optimization

Citation Formats

Wambold, Raymond A., Yu, Zhaoning, Xiao, Yuzhe, Bachman, Benjamin, Jaffe, Gabriel, Kolkowitz, Shimon, Choy, Jennifer T., Eriksson, Mark A., Hamers, Robert J., and Kats, Mikhail A.. Adjoint-optimized nanoscale light extractor for nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond. Germany: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2020-0387.
Wambold, Raymond A., Yu, Zhaoning, Xiao, Yuzhe, Bachman, Benjamin, Jaffe, Gabriel, Kolkowitz, Shimon, Choy, Jennifer T., Eriksson, Mark A., Hamers, Robert J., & Kats, Mikhail A.. Adjoint-optimized nanoscale light extractor for nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond. Germany. https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2020-0387
Wambold, Raymond A., Yu, Zhaoning, Xiao, Yuzhe, Bachman, Benjamin, Jaffe, Gabriel, Kolkowitz, Shimon, Choy, Jennifer T., Eriksson, Mark A., Hamers, Robert J., and Kats, Mikhail A.. Mon . "Adjoint-optimized nanoscale light extractor for nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond". Germany. https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2020-0387.
@article{osti_1734376,
title = {Adjoint-optimized nanoscale light extractor for nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond},
author = {Wambold, Raymond A. and Yu, Zhaoning and Xiao, Yuzhe and Bachman, Benjamin and Jaffe, Gabriel and Kolkowitz, Shimon and Choy, Jennifer T. and Eriksson, Mark A. and Hamers, Robert J. and Kats, Mikhail A.},
abstractNote = {Abstract We designed a nanoscale light extractor (NLE) for the efficient outcoupling and beaming of broadband light emitted by shallow, negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in bulk diamond. The NLE consists of a patterned silicon layer on diamond and requires no etching of the diamond surface. Our design process is based on adjoint optimization using broadband time-domain simulations and yields structures that are inherently robust to positioning and fabrication errors. Our NLE functions like a transmission antenna for the NV center, enhancing the optical power extracted from an NV center positioned 10 nm below the diamond surface by a factor of more than 35, and beaming the light into a ±30° cone in the far field. This approach to light extraction can be readily adapted to other solid-state color centers.},
doi = {10.1515/nanoph-2020-0387},
journal = {Nanophotonics},
number = 1,
volume = 10,
place = {Germany},
year = {2020},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2020-0387

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