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Title: Split-pulse X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy with seeded X-rays from X-ray laser to study atomic-level dynamics

Abstract

Abstract With their brilliance and temporal structure, X-ray free-electron laser can unveil atomic-scale details of ultrafast phenomena. Recent progress in split-and-delay optics (SDO), which produces two X-ray pulses with time-delays, offers bright prospects for observing dynamics at the atomic-scale. However, their insufficient pulse energy has limited its application either to phenomena with longer correlation length or to measurement with a fixed delay-time. Here we show that the combination of the SDO and self-seeding of X-rays increases the pulse energy and makes it possible to observe the atomic-scale dynamics in a timescale of picoseconds. We show that the speckle contrast in scattering from water depends on the delay-time as expected. Our results demonstrate the capability of measurement using the SDO with seeded X-rays for resolving the dynamics in temporal and spatial scales that are not accessible by other techniques, opening opportunities for studying the atomic-level dynamics.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)
OSTI Identifier:
1731015
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1735454
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; 18K18307; 19K20604; 2018B8041; 2019A8043; 2019B8011
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nature Communications Journal Volume: 11 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Shinohara, Yuya, Osaka, Taito, Inoue, Ichiro, Iwashita, Takuya, Dmowski, Wojciech, Ryu, Chae Woo, Sarathchandran, Yadu, and Egami, Takeshi. Split-pulse X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy with seeded X-rays from X-ray laser to study atomic-level dynamics. United Kingdom: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-20036-z.
Shinohara, Yuya, Osaka, Taito, Inoue, Ichiro, Iwashita, Takuya, Dmowski, Wojciech, Ryu, Chae Woo, Sarathchandran, Yadu, & Egami, Takeshi. Split-pulse X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy with seeded X-rays from X-ray laser to study atomic-level dynamics. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-20036-z
Shinohara, Yuya, Osaka, Taito, Inoue, Ichiro, Iwashita, Takuya, Dmowski, Wojciech, Ryu, Chae Woo, Sarathchandran, Yadu, and Egami, Takeshi. Fri . "Split-pulse X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy with seeded X-rays from X-ray laser to study atomic-level dynamics". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-20036-z.
@article{osti_1731015,
title = {Split-pulse X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy with seeded X-rays from X-ray laser to study atomic-level dynamics},
author = {Shinohara, Yuya and Osaka, Taito and Inoue, Ichiro and Iwashita, Takuya and Dmowski, Wojciech and Ryu, Chae Woo and Sarathchandran, Yadu and Egami, Takeshi},
abstractNote = {Abstract With their brilliance and temporal structure, X-ray free-electron laser can unveil atomic-scale details of ultrafast phenomena. Recent progress in split-and-delay optics (SDO), which produces two X-ray pulses with time-delays, offers bright prospects for observing dynamics at the atomic-scale. However, their insufficient pulse energy has limited its application either to phenomena with longer correlation length or to measurement with a fixed delay-time. Here we show that the combination of the SDO and self-seeding of X-rays increases the pulse energy and makes it possible to observe the atomic-scale dynamics in a timescale of picoseconds. We show that the speckle contrast in scattering from water depends on the delay-time as expected. Our results demonstrate the capability of measurement using the SDO with seeded X-rays for resolving the dynamics in temporal and spatial scales that are not accessible by other techniques, opening opportunities for studying the atomic-level dynamics.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-020-20036-z},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 11,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2020},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-20036-z

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