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Title: Discovery versus precision in nuclear physics: A tale of three scales

Abstract

At least three length scales are important in gaining a complete understanding of the physics of nuclei. These are the radius of the nucleus, the average inter-nucleon separation distance, and the size of the nucleon. The connections between the different scales are examined by using examples that demonstrate the direct connection between short-distance and high-momentum transfer physics and also that significant high-momentum content of wave functions is inevitable. The nuclear size is connected via the independent-pair approximation to the nucleon-nucleon separation distance, and this distance is connected via the concept of virtuality to the EMC effect. An explanation of the latter is presented in terms of light-front holographic wave functions of QCD. The net result is that the three scales are closely related, so that a narrow focus on any given specific range of scales may prevent an understanding of the fundamental origins of nuclear properties. It is also determined that, under certain suitable conditions, experiments are able to measure the momentum dependence of wave functions.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP)
OSTI Identifier:
1727261
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-97ER41014
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 102; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; EMC effect

Citation Formats

Miller, Gerald A. Discovery versus precision in nuclear physics: A tale of three scales. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevc.102.055206.
Miller, Gerald A. Discovery versus precision in nuclear physics: A tale of three scales. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevc.102.055206
Miller, Gerald A. Wed . "Discovery versus precision in nuclear physics: A tale of three scales". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevc.102.055206. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1727261.
@article{osti_1727261,
title = {Discovery versus precision in nuclear physics: A tale of three scales},
author = {Miller, Gerald A.},
abstractNote = {At least three length scales are important in gaining a complete understanding of the physics of nuclei. These are the radius of the nucleus, the average inter-nucleon separation distance, and the size of the nucleon. The connections between the different scales are examined by using examples that demonstrate the direct connection between short-distance and high-momentum transfer physics and also that significant high-momentum content of wave functions is inevitable. The nuclear size is connected via the independent-pair approximation to the nucleon-nucleon separation distance, and this distance is connected via the concept of virtuality to the EMC effect. An explanation of the latter is presented in terms of light-front holographic wave functions of QCD. The net result is that the three scales are closely related, so that a narrow focus on any given specific range of scales may prevent an understanding of the fundamental origins of nuclear properties. It is also determined that, under certain suitable conditions, experiments are able to measure the momentum dependence of wave functions.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevc.102.055206},
journal = {Physical Review. C},
number = 5,
volume = 102,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {11}
}

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