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Title: High-Performance Simulation of Dynamic Hydrologic Exchange and Implications for Surrogate Flow and Reactive Transport Modeling in a Large River Corridor

Abstract

Hydrologic exchange flows (HEFs) have environmental significance in riverine ecosystems. Key river channel factors that influence the spatial and temporal variations of HEFs include river stage, riverbed morphology, and riverbed hydraulic conductivity. However, their impacts on HEFs were often evaluated independently or on small scales. In this study, we numerically evaluated the combined interactions of these factors on HEFs using a high-performance simulator, PFLOTRAN, for subsurface flow and transport. The model covers 51 square kilometers of a selected river corridor with large sinuosity along the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River in Washington, US. Three years of spatially distributed hourly river stages were applied to the riverbed. Compared to the simulation when riverbed heterogeneity is not ignored, the simulation using homogeneous riverbed conductivity underestimated HEFs, especially upwelling from lateral features, and overestimated the mean residence times derived from particle tracking. To derive a surrogate model for the river corridor, we amended the widely used transient storage model (TSM) for riverine solute study at reach scale with reactions. By treating the whole river corridor as a batch reactor, the temporal changes in the exchange rate coefficient for the TSM were derived from the dynamic residence time estimated from the hourly PFLOTRANmore » results. The TSM results were evaluated against the effective concentrations in the hyporheic zone calculated from the PFLOTRAN simulations. Our results show that there is potential to parameterize surrogate models such as TSM amended with biogeochemical reactions while incorporating small-scale process understandings and the signature of time-varying streamflow to advance the mechanistic understanding of river corridor processes at reach to watershed scales. However, the assumption of a well-mixed storage zone for TSM should be revisited when redox-sensitive reactions in the storage zones play important roles in river corridor functioning.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1724279
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Frontiers in Water
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Frontiers in Water Journal Volume: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2624-9375
Publisher:
Frontiers Media SA
Country of Publication:
Switzerland
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Fang, Yilin, Song, Xuehang, Ren, Huiying, Perkins, William A., Shuai, Pin, Richmond, Marshall C., Hou, Zhangshuan, Bao, Jie, Chen, Xingyuan, and Scheibe, Timothy D.. High-Performance Simulation of Dynamic Hydrologic Exchange and Implications for Surrogate Flow and Reactive Transport Modeling in a Large River Corridor. Switzerland: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.3389/frwa.2020.564211.
Fang, Yilin, Song, Xuehang, Ren, Huiying, Perkins, William A., Shuai, Pin, Richmond, Marshall C., Hou, Zhangshuan, Bao, Jie, Chen, Xingyuan, & Scheibe, Timothy D.. High-Performance Simulation of Dynamic Hydrologic Exchange and Implications for Surrogate Flow and Reactive Transport Modeling in a Large River Corridor. Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.3389/frwa.2020.564211
Fang, Yilin, Song, Xuehang, Ren, Huiying, Perkins, William A., Shuai, Pin, Richmond, Marshall C., Hou, Zhangshuan, Bao, Jie, Chen, Xingyuan, and Scheibe, Timothy D.. Thu . "High-Performance Simulation of Dynamic Hydrologic Exchange and Implications for Surrogate Flow and Reactive Transport Modeling in a Large River Corridor". Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.3389/frwa.2020.564211.
@article{osti_1724279,
title = {High-Performance Simulation of Dynamic Hydrologic Exchange and Implications for Surrogate Flow and Reactive Transport Modeling in a Large River Corridor},
author = {Fang, Yilin and Song, Xuehang and Ren, Huiying and Perkins, William A. and Shuai, Pin and Richmond, Marshall C. and Hou, Zhangshuan and Bao, Jie and Chen, Xingyuan and Scheibe, Timothy D.},
abstractNote = {Hydrologic exchange flows (HEFs) have environmental significance in riverine ecosystems. Key river channel factors that influence the spatial and temporal variations of HEFs include river stage, riverbed morphology, and riverbed hydraulic conductivity. However, their impacts on HEFs were often evaluated independently or on small scales. In this study, we numerically evaluated the combined interactions of these factors on HEFs using a high-performance simulator, PFLOTRAN, for subsurface flow and transport. The model covers 51 square kilometers of a selected river corridor with large sinuosity along the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River in Washington, US. Three years of spatially distributed hourly river stages were applied to the riverbed. Compared to the simulation when riverbed heterogeneity is not ignored, the simulation using homogeneous riverbed conductivity underestimated HEFs, especially upwelling from lateral features, and overestimated the mean residence times derived from particle tracking. To derive a surrogate model for the river corridor, we amended the widely used transient storage model (TSM) for riverine solute study at reach scale with reactions. By treating the whole river corridor as a batch reactor, the temporal changes in the exchange rate coefficient for the TSM were derived from the dynamic residence time estimated from the hourly PFLOTRAN results. The TSM results were evaluated against the effective concentrations in the hyporheic zone calculated from the PFLOTRAN simulations. Our results show that there is potential to parameterize surrogate models such as TSM amended with biogeochemical reactions while incorporating small-scale process understandings and the signature of time-varying streamflow to advance the mechanistic understanding of river corridor processes at reach to watershed scales. However, the assumption of a well-mixed storage zone for TSM should be revisited when redox-sensitive reactions in the storage zones play important roles in river corridor functioning.},
doi = {10.3389/frwa.2020.564211},
journal = {Frontiers in Water},
number = ,
volume = 2,
place = {Switzerland},
year = {2020},
month = {11}
}

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https://doi.org/10.3389/frwa.2020.564211

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