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Title: Changes in short- and medium-range order in metallic liquids during undercooling

Abstract

It has been widely speculated that dominant motifs, such as short-range icosahedral order, can influence glass formation and the properties of glasses. Experimental data on both fragile and strong undercooled liquids demonstrate corresponding changes in their thermophysical properties consistent with increasing development of a network of interconnect motifs based on molecular dynamics. Describing these regions of local order, how they connect, and how they are related to property changes have been challenging issues, both computationally and experimentally. Yet the consensus is that metallic liquids develop interconnected medium-range order consisting of some regions with lower mobility with deeper undercooling. Less well understood is how these motifs (or “crystal genes”) in the liquid can inhibit nucleation in the deeply undercooled liquid or influence phase selection upon devitrification. These motifs tend to have local packing unlike stable compounds with icosahedral order tending to dominate the best glass formers. The underlying kinetic and thermodynamic forces that guide the formation of these motifs and how they interconnect during undercooling remain open questions.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
  2. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States); Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division
OSTI Identifier:
1722882
Report Number(s):
IS-J-10,280
Journal ID: ISSN 0883-7694
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11358
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
MRS Bulletin
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 45; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0883-7694
Publisher:
Materials Research Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Kramer, M. J., and Li, Mo. Changes in short- and medium-range order in metallic liquids during undercooling. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs.2020.272.
Kramer, M. J., & Li, Mo. Changes in short- and medium-range order in metallic liquids during undercooling. United States. https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs.2020.272
Kramer, M. J., and Li, Mo. Tue . "Changes in short- and medium-range order in metallic liquids during undercooling". United States. https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs.2020.272. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1722882.
@article{osti_1722882,
title = {Changes in short- and medium-range order in metallic liquids during undercooling},
author = {Kramer, M. J. and Li, Mo},
abstractNote = {It has been widely speculated that dominant motifs, such as short-range icosahedral order, can influence glass formation and the properties of glasses. Experimental data on both fragile and strong undercooled liquids demonstrate corresponding changes in their thermophysical properties consistent with increasing development of a network of interconnect motifs based on molecular dynamics. Describing these regions of local order, how they connect, and how they are related to property changes have been challenging issues, both computationally and experimentally. Yet the consensus is that metallic liquids develop interconnected medium-range order consisting of some regions with lower mobility with deeper undercooling. Less well understood is how these motifs (or “crystal genes”) in the liquid can inhibit nucleation in the deeply undercooled liquid or influence phase selection upon devitrification. These motifs tend to have local packing unlike stable compounds with icosahedral order tending to dominate the best glass formers. The underlying kinetic and thermodynamic forces that guide the formation of these motifs and how they interconnect during undercooling remain open questions.},
doi = {10.1557/mrs.2020.272},
journal = {MRS Bulletin},
number = 11,
volume = 45,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {11}
}

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