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Title: Sugar-alcohol@ZIF nanocomposites display suppressed phase-change temperatures

Abstract

For the sake of water and energy conservation, development of latent heat cooling and thermal storage systems that minimize water consumption and operate with higher efficacy than their water-driven counterparts is a crucial task. Phase change materials (PCMs) present a potential solution, but their integration into real-world systems abounds with scientific challenges such as material toxicity, flammability, low thermal performance and lack of tunable phase-change temperatures. In this study we report on a first-in-class nanocomposite PCM that leverages non-flammable, non-toxic, high latent heat sugar alcohols (SAs) encapsulated within easy-to-synthesize zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF) crystals. We also outline a practical route for surface functionalization with hydrophilic and hydrophobic moieties. The SA@ZIF composites display suppressed phase-change temperatures which, together with alterable surface functionality, broadens their applicability to a plethora of working environments. Direct synthesis of the SA@ZIF composite generates nanoconfined SAs with phase-change temperatures as low as 19.8 °C and latent heats as high as 285 J g–1. This nanoconfinement-induced thermal phenomenon is conserved even after functionalization of the SA@ZIF crystal surface. We believe this study will lay the groundwork as a platform for next generation high performing, tunable PCMs to aid in the realization of waterless cooling systems.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [4]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. The Molecular Foundry;Lawrence Berkeley National Lab;Berkeley;USA;Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  2. The Molecular Foundry;Lawrence Berkeley National Lab;Berkeley;USA
  3. The Molecular Foundry;Lawrence Berkeley National Lab;Berkeley;USA;Applied Science and Technology Graduate Group
  4. The Molecular Foundry;Lawrence Berkeley National Lab;Berkeley;USA;Department of Chemistry
  5. Advanced Light Source;Lawrence Berkeley National Lab;Berkeley;USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Scientific User Facilities Division; U.S./China Clean Energy Research Center for Water-Energy Technologies (CERC-WET); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1714394
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1721657
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; DEIA0000018; 00009057
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Materials Chemistry. A Journal Volume: 8 Journal Issue: 45; Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7488
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Hackl, Lukas, Hsu, Chih-Hao, Gordon, Madeleine P., Chou, Kelly, Ma, Canghai, Kolaczkowski, Matthew, Anderson, Christopher L., Liu, Yi-Sheng, Guo, Jinghua, Ercius, Peter, and Urban, Jeffrey J.. Sugar-alcohol@ZIF nanocomposites display suppressed phase-change temperatures. United Kingdom: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0TA05019A.
Hackl, Lukas, Hsu, Chih-Hao, Gordon, Madeleine P., Chou, Kelly, Ma, Canghai, Kolaczkowski, Matthew, Anderson, Christopher L., Liu, Yi-Sheng, Guo, Jinghua, Ercius, Peter, & Urban, Jeffrey J.. Sugar-alcohol@ZIF nanocomposites display suppressed phase-change temperatures. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0TA05019A
Hackl, Lukas, Hsu, Chih-Hao, Gordon, Madeleine P., Chou, Kelly, Ma, Canghai, Kolaczkowski, Matthew, Anderson, Christopher L., Liu, Yi-Sheng, Guo, Jinghua, Ercius, Peter, and Urban, Jeffrey J.. Tue . "Sugar-alcohol@ZIF nanocomposites display suppressed phase-change temperatures". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0TA05019A.
@article{osti_1714394,
title = {Sugar-alcohol@ZIF nanocomposites display suppressed phase-change temperatures},
author = {Hackl, Lukas and Hsu, Chih-Hao and Gordon, Madeleine P. and Chou, Kelly and Ma, Canghai and Kolaczkowski, Matthew and Anderson, Christopher L. and Liu, Yi-Sheng and Guo, Jinghua and Ercius, Peter and Urban, Jeffrey J.},
abstractNote = {For the sake of water and energy conservation, development of latent heat cooling and thermal storage systems that minimize water consumption and operate with higher efficacy than their water-driven counterparts is a crucial task. Phase change materials (PCMs) present a potential solution, but their integration into real-world systems abounds with scientific challenges such as material toxicity, flammability, low thermal performance and lack of tunable phase-change temperatures. In this study we report on a first-in-class nanocomposite PCM that leverages non-flammable, non-toxic, high latent heat sugar alcohols (SAs) encapsulated within easy-to-synthesize zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF) crystals. We also outline a practical route for surface functionalization with hydrophilic and hydrophobic moieties. The SA@ZIF composites display suppressed phase-change temperatures which, together with alterable surface functionality, broadens their applicability to a plethora of working environments. Direct synthesis of the SA@ZIF composite generates nanoconfined SAs with phase-change temperatures as low as 19.8 °C and latent heats as high as 285 J g–1. This nanoconfinement-induced thermal phenomenon is conserved even after functionalization of the SA@ZIF crystal surface. We believe this study will lay the groundwork as a platform for next generation high performing, tunable PCMs to aid in the realization of waterless cooling systems.},
doi = {10.1039/D0TA05019A},
journal = {Journal of Materials Chemistry. A},
number = 45,
volume = 8,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2020},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1039/D0TA05019A

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