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Title: X-ray study of the double source plane gravitational lens system Eye of Horus observed with XMM–Newton

Abstract

ABSTRACT A double source plane (DSP) system is a precious probe for the density profile of distant galaxies and cosmological parameters. However, these measurements could be affected by the surrounding environment of the lens galaxy. Thus, it is important to evaluate the cluster-scale mass for detailed mass modelling. We observed the Eye of Horus, a DSP system discovered by the Hyper Suprime-Cam Subaru Strategic Survey (HSC–SSP), with XMM–Newton. We detected two X-ray extended emissions, originating from two clusters, one centred at the Eye of Horus, and the other located ∼100 arcsec north-east to the Eye of Horus. We determined the dynamical mass assuming hydrostatic equilibrium, and evaluated their contributions to the lens mass interior of the Einstein radius. The contribution of the former cluster is $$1.1^{+1.2}_{-0.5}\times 10^{12}\, \mathrm{M}_{\odot }$$, which is $$21\!-\!76{{\ \rm per\ cent}}$$ of the total mass within the Einstein radius. The discrepancy is likely due to the complex gravitational structure along the line of sight. On the other hand, the contribution of the latter cluster is only $$\sim 2{{\ \rm per\ cent}}$$ on the Eye of Horus. Therefore, the influence associated with this cluster can be ignored.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [9];  [6];  [10]; ORCiD logo [11];  [12];  [13]; ORCiD logo [14]; ORCiD logo [15]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [12];  [16] more »;  [17];  [18] « less
  1. Graduate School of Natural Science & Technology, Kanazawa University, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa, 920-1192 Ishikawa, Japan
  2. SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, NL-3584 CA Utrecht, the Netherlands
  3. Institute of Physics, Laboratory of Astrophysics, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Observatoire de Sauverny, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland
  4. Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, ch. dÉcogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland
  5. Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
  6. Subaru Telescope, NAOJ, 650 N Aohoku Pl, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
  7. Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Kanazawa University, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa, 920-1192 Ishikawa, Japan
  8. Department of Physics, Rikkyo University, Nishi Ikebukuro 3-34-1, Toshimaku, 171-8501, Tokyo, Japan
  9. Department of Physics, Kindai University, Higashi-Osaka, 577-8502 Osaka, Japan
  10. Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8602, Japan
  11. Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, 411 007 Pune, India
  12. Kavli IPMU (WPI), UTIAS, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, 277-8583 Chiba, Japan
  13. Kavli IPMU (WPI), UTIAS, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, 277-8583 Chiba, Japan, Research Center for the Early Universe, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, 113-0033 Tokyo, Japan, Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, 113-0033 Tokyo, Japan
  14. Department of Physical Science, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, 739-8526 Hiroshima, Japan
  15. Department of Physics, Nara Women’s University, Kitauoyanishi-machi, 630-8506 Nara, Japan
  16. National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, 181-8588 Tokyo, Japan
  17. Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics (ASIAA), No. 1, Section 4, Roosevelt Road, 10617 Taipei, Taiwan
  18. Kavli IPMU (WPI), UTIAS, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, 277-8583 Chiba, Japan, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, 181-8588 Tokyo, Japan
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1714385
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Journal Volume: 491 Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Tanaka, Keigo, Tsuji, Ayumi, Akamatsu, Hiroki, Chan, J. H. H., Coupon, Jean, Egami, Eiichi, Finet, Francois, Fujimoto, Ryuichi, Ichinohe, Yuto, Jaelani, Anton T., Lee, Chien-Hsiu, Mitsuishi, Ikuyuki, More, Anupreeta, More, Surhud, Oguri, Masamune, Okabe, Nobuhiro, Ota, Naomi, Rusu, Cristian E., Sonnenfeld, Alessandro, Tanaka, Masayuki, Ueda, Shutaro, and Wong, Kenneth C.. X-ray study of the double source plane gravitational lens system Eye of Horus observed with XMM–Newton. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz3188.
Tanaka, Keigo, Tsuji, Ayumi, Akamatsu, Hiroki, Chan, J. H. H., Coupon, Jean, Egami, Eiichi, Finet, Francois, Fujimoto, Ryuichi, Ichinohe, Yuto, Jaelani, Anton T., Lee, Chien-Hsiu, Mitsuishi, Ikuyuki, More, Anupreeta, More, Surhud, Oguri, Masamune, Okabe, Nobuhiro, Ota, Naomi, Rusu, Cristian E., Sonnenfeld, Alessandro, Tanaka, Masayuki, Ueda, Shutaro, & Wong, Kenneth C.. X-ray study of the double source plane gravitational lens system Eye of Horus observed with XMM–Newton. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz3188
Tanaka, Keigo, Tsuji, Ayumi, Akamatsu, Hiroki, Chan, J. H. H., Coupon, Jean, Egami, Eiichi, Finet, Francois, Fujimoto, Ryuichi, Ichinohe, Yuto, Jaelani, Anton T., Lee, Chien-Hsiu, Mitsuishi, Ikuyuki, More, Anupreeta, More, Surhud, Oguri, Masamune, Okabe, Nobuhiro, Ota, Naomi, Rusu, Cristian E., Sonnenfeld, Alessandro, Tanaka, Masayuki, Ueda, Shutaro, and Wong, Kenneth C.. Fri . "X-ray study of the double source plane gravitational lens system Eye of Horus observed with XMM–Newton". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz3188.
@article{osti_1714385,
title = {X-ray study of the double source plane gravitational lens system Eye of Horus observed with XMM–Newton},
author = {Tanaka, Keigo and Tsuji, Ayumi and Akamatsu, Hiroki and Chan, J. H. H. and Coupon, Jean and Egami, Eiichi and Finet, Francois and Fujimoto, Ryuichi and Ichinohe, Yuto and Jaelani, Anton T. and Lee, Chien-Hsiu and Mitsuishi, Ikuyuki and More, Anupreeta and More, Surhud and Oguri, Masamune and Okabe, Nobuhiro and Ota, Naomi and Rusu, Cristian E. and Sonnenfeld, Alessandro and Tanaka, Masayuki and Ueda, Shutaro and Wong, Kenneth C.},
abstractNote = {ABSTRACT A double source plane (DSP) system is a precious probe for the density profile of distant galaxies and cosmological parameters. However, these measurements could be affected by the surrounding environment of the lens galaxy. Thus, it is important to evaluate the cluster-scale mass for detailed mass modelling. We observed the Eye of Horus, a DSP system discovered by the Hyper Suprime-Cam Subaru Strategic Survey (HSC–SSP), with XMM–Newton. We detected two X-ray extended emissions, originating from two clusters, one centred at the Eye of Horus, and the other located ∼100 arcsec north-east to the Eye of Horus. We determined the dynamical mass assuming hydrostatic equilibrium, and evaluated their contributions to the lens mass interior of the Einstein radius. The contribution of the former cluster is $1.1^{+1.2}_{-0.5}\times 10^{12}\, \mathrm{M}_{\odot }$, which is $21\!-\!76{{\ \rm per\ cent}}$ of the total mass within the Einstein radius. The discrepancy is likely due to the complex gravitational structure along the line of sight. On the other hand, the contribution of the latter cluster is only $\sim 2{{\ \rm per\ cent}}$ on the Eye of Horus. Therefore, the influence associated with this cluster can be ignored.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz3188},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 3,
volume = 491,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
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https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz3188

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