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Title: Sub-GeV dark matter production at fixed-target experiments

Abstract

We analyze the sensitivity of fixed-target experiments to sub-GeV thermal relic dark matter models, accounting for variations in both mediator and dark matter mass, and including dark matter production through both on- and off-shell mediators. It is commonly thought that the sensitivity of such experiments is predicated on the existence of an on-shell mediator that is produced and then decays to dark matter. While accelerators do provide a unique opportunity to probe the mediator directly, our analysis demonstrates that their sensitivity extends beyond this commonly discussed regime. In particular, we provide sensitivity calculations that extend into both the effective field theory regime where the mediator is much heavier than the dark matter and the regime of an off-shell mediator lighter than a dark matter particle-antiparticle pair. Our calculations also elucidate the resonance regime, making it clear that all but a fine-tuned region of thermal freeze-out parameter space for a range of simple models is well covered.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1712796
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1768130; OSTI ID: 1774435
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-20-22261
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; 095011
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; IBS-R018-D1; 684; 89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review D Journal Volume: 102 Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Dark matter; Particle dark matter; Dark matter detectors

Citation Formats

Berlin, Asher, deNiverville, Patrick, Ritz, Adam, Schuster, Philip, and Toro, Natalia. Sub-GeV dark matter production at fixed-target experiments. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.102.095011.
Berlin, Asher, deNiverville, Patrick, Ritz, Adam, Schuster, Philip, & Toro, Natalia. Sub-GeV dark matter production at fixed-target experiments. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.102.095011
Berlin, Asher, deNiverville, Patrick, Ritz, Adam, Schuster, Philip, and Toro, Natalia. Thu . "Sub-GeV dark matter production at fixed-target experiments". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.102.095011.
@article{osti_1712796,
title = {Sub-GeV dark matter production at fixed-target experiments},
author = {Berlin, Asher and deNiverville, Patrick and Ritz, Adam and Schuster, Philip and Toro, Natalia},
abstractNote = {We analyze the sensitivity of fixed-target experiments to sub-GeV thermal relic dark matter models, accounting for variations in both mediator and dark matter mass, and including dark matter production through both on- and off-shell mediators. It is commonly thought that the sensitivity of such experiments is predicated on the existence of an on-shell mediator that is produced and then decays to dark matter. While accelerators do provide a unique opportunity to probe the mediator directly, our analysis demonstrates that their sensitivity extends beyond this commonly discussed regime. In particular, we provide sensitivity calculations that extend into both the effective field theory regime where the mediator is much heavier than the dark matter and the regime of an off-shell mediator lighter than a dark matter particle-antiparticle pair. Our calculations also elucidate the resonance regime, making it clear that all but a fine-tuned region of thermal freeze-out parameter space for a range of simple models is well covered.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.102.095011},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 9,
volume = 102,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.102.095011

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