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Title: Imaging transient solidification behavior

Abstract

Solidification processing offers the first opportunity to control microstructure, properties, and performance in metallic alloy components. Until recently, microstructural evaluations were limited to post-solidification characterization by destructive methods. We review the development of time-resolved, in situimaging techniques capable of capturing solid-liquid interfacial evolution in metallic alloys with high spatial and temporal resolution underdiverse solidification conditions relevant for applications ranging from conventional directional solidification, crystal growth, and casting,to welding and additive manufacturing. These experiments enable direct visualization of transient behaviors that would otherwise remain unknown, uniquely providinginsights into the physics that impact microstructure and defect development and strategies for microstructuralcontrol and defect mitigation. Understanding microstructural evolution and the characteristics that form under various solidification conditions is essential for the development of multiscale, experimentallyinformed predictive modeling. This is highlightedby solidification simulations that utilize in situmeasurements of solidification dynamics from state-of-the-art experimental techniques.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)
  3. Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1712555
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-812481
Journal ID: ISSN 0883-7694; 1019843
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
MRS Bulletin
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 45; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0883-7694
Publisher:
Materials Research Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

McKeown, Joseph T., Clarke, Amy J., and Wiezorek, Jörg M.K.. Imaging transient solidification behavior. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs.2020.273.
McKeown, Joseph T., Clarke, Amy J., & Wiezorek, Jörg M.K.. Imaging transient solidification behavior. United States. https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs.2020.273
McKeown, Joseph T., Clarke, Amy J., and Wiezorek, Jörg M.K.. Tue . "Imaging transient solidification behavior". United States. https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs.2020.273. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1712555.
@article{osti_1712555,
title = {Imaging transient solidification behavior},
author = {McKeown, Joseph T. and Clarke, Amy J. and Wiezorek, Jörg M.K.},
abstractNote = {Solidification processing offers the first opportunity to control microstructure, properties, and performance in metallic alloy components. Until recently, microstructural evaluations were limited to post-solidification characterization by destructive methods. We review the development of time-resolved, in situimaging techniques capable of capturing solid-liquid interfacial evolution in metallic alloys with high spatial and temporal resolution underdiverse solidification conditions relevant for applications ranging from conventional directional solidification, crystal growth, and casting,to welding and additive manufacturing. These experiments enable direct visualization of transient behaviors that would otherwise remain unknown, uniquely providinginsights into the physics that impact microstructure and defect development and strategies for microstructuralcontrol and defect mitigation. Understanding microstructural evolution and the characteristics that form under various solidification conditions is essential for the development of multiscale, experimentallyinformed predictive modeling. This is highlightedby solidification simulations that utilize in situmeasurements of solidification dynamics from state-of-the-art experimental techniques.},
doi = {10.1557/mrs.2020.273},
journal = {MRS Bulletin},
number = 11,
volume = 45,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {11}
}

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