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Title: Detectability of axion dark matter with phonon polaritons and magnons

Abstract

Collective excitations in condensed matter systems, such as phonons and magnons, have recently been proposed as novel detection channels for light dark matter. We show that excitation of (i) optical phonon polaritons in polar materials in an O(1 T) magnetic field (via the axion-photon coupling), and (ii) gapped magnons in magnetically ordered materials (via the axion wind coupling to the electron spin), can cover the difficult-to-reach O(1-100) meV mass window of QCD axion dark matter with less than a kilogram-year exposure. Finding materials with a large number of optical phonon or magnon modes that can couple to the axion field is crucial, suggesting a program to search for a range of materials with different resonant energies and excitation selection rules; we outline the rules and discuss a few candidate targets, leaving a more exhaustive search for future work. Ongoing development of single photon, phonon, and magnon detectors will provide the key for experimentally realizing the ideas presented here.

Authors:
; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1712536
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1763672
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; PHY-1638509
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review D Journal Volume: 102 Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; magnons; particle dark matter; phonon polariton; phonons; axions; dark matter detectors

Citation Formats

Mitridate, Andrea, Trickle, Tanner, Zhang, Zhengkang, and Zurek, Kathryn M. Detectability of axion dark matter with phonon polaritons and magnons. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.102.095005.
Mitridate, Andrea, Trickle, Tanner, Zhang, Zhengkang, & Zurek, Kathryn M. Detectability of axion dark matter with phonon polaritons and magnons. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.102.095005
Mitridate, Andrea, Trickle, Tanner, Zhang, Zhengkang, and Zurek, Kathryn M. Fri . "Detectability of axion dark matter with phonon polaritons and magnons". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.102.095005.
@article{osti_1712536,
title = {Detectability of axion dark matter with phonon polaritons and magnons},
author = {Mitridate, Andrea and Trickle, Tanner and Zhang, Zhengkang and Zurek, Kathryn M.},
abstractNote = {Collective excitations in condensed matter systems, such as phonons and magnons, have recently been proposed as novel detection channels for light dark matter. We show that excitation of (i) optical phonon polaritons in polar materials in an O(1 T) magnetic field (via the axion-photon coupling), and (ii) gapped magnons in magnetically ordered materials (via the axion wind coupling to the electron spin), can cover the difficult-to-reach O(1-100) meV mass window of QCD axion dark matter with less than a kilogram-year exposure. Finding materials with a large number of optical phonon or magnon modes that can couple to the axion field is crucial, suggesting a program to search for a range of materials with different resonant energies and excitation selection rules; we outline the rules and discuss a few candidate targets, leaving a more exhaustive search for future work. Ongoing development of single photon, phonon, and magnon detectors will provide the key for experimentally realizing the ideas presented here.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.102.095005},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 9,
volume = 102,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.102.095005

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