skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Organic Cathode Materials for Lithium‐Ion Batteries: Past, Present, and Future

Abstract

With the rapid development of energy storage systems in power supplies and electrical vehicles, the search for sustainable cathode materials to enhance the energy density of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) has become the focus in both academic and industrial studies. Currently, the widely utilized inorganic cathode materials suffer from drawbacks such as limited capacity, high energy consumption in production, safety hazards, and high-cost raw materials. Therefore, it is necessary to develop green and sustainable cathode materials with higher specific capacity, better safety properties, and more abundant natural resources. As alternatives, organic cathode materials possess the advantages of high theoretical capacity, environmental friendliness, flexible structure design, systemic safety, and natural abundance, making them a promising class of energy storage materials. Herein, the development history of the organic cathode materials and recent research developments are reviewed, introducing several categories of typical organic compounds as cathode materials for LIBs, including conductive polymers, organosulfur compounds, radical compounds, carbonyl compounds, and imine compounds. The electrochemical performance, electrode reaction mechanism, and pros and cons of different organic cathode materials are comparatively analyzed to identify the challenges to be addressed. Finally, the future research and improvement directions of the organic cathode materials are also proposed.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Chemical Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge TN 37831 USA, Department of Chemistry University of Tennessee Knoxville TN 37996 USA
  2. Chemical Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge TN 37831 USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1712496
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1763470; OSTI ID: 1786084
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Advanced Energy and Sustainability Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Advanced Energy and Sustainability Research; Journal ID: ISSN 2699-9412
Publisher:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Country of Publication:
Country unknown/Code not available
Language:
English
Subject:
energy storage; lithium-ion batteries; organic cathode materials; sustainability

Citation Formats

Lyu, Hailong, Sun, Xiao-Guang, and Dai, Sheng. Organic Cathode Materials for Lithium‐Ion Batteries: Past, Present, and Future. Country unknown/Code not available: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1002/aesr.202000044.
Lyu, Hailong, Sun, Xiao-Guang, & Dai, Sheng. Organic Cathode Materials for Lithium‐Ion Batteries: Past, Present, and Future. Country unknown/Code not available. https://doi.org/10.1002/aesr.202000044
Lyu, Hailong, Sun, Xiao-Guang, and Dai, Sheng. Wed . "Organic Cathode Materials for Lithium‐Ion Batteries: Past, Present, and Future". Country unknown/Code not available. https://doi.org/10.1002/aesr.202000044.
@article{osti_1712496,
title = {Organic Cathode Materials for Lithium‐Ion Batteries: Past, Present, and Future},
author = {Lyu, Hailong and Sun, Xiao-Guang and Dai, Sheng},
abstractNote = {With the rapid development of energy storage systems in power supplies and electrical vehicles, the search for sustainable cathode materials to enhance the energy density of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) has become the focus in both academic and industrial studies. Currently, the widely utilized inorganic cathode materials suffer from drawbacks such as limited capacity, high energy consumption in production, safety hazards, and high-cost raw materials. Therefore, it is necessary to develop green and sustainable cathode materials with higher specific capacity, better safety properties, and more abundant natural resources. As alternatives, organic cathode materials possess the advantages of high theoretical capacity, environmental friendliness, flexible structure design, systemic safety, and natural abundance, making them a promising class of energy storage materials. Herein, the development history of the organic cathode materials and recent research developments are reviewed, introducing several categories of typical organic compounds as cathode materials for LIBs, including conductive polymers, organosulfur compounds, radical compounds, carbonyl compounds, and imine compounds. The electrochemical performance, electrode reaction mechanism, and pros and cons of different organic cathode materials are comparatively analyzed to identify the challenges to be addressed. Finally, the future research and improvement directions of the organic cathode materials are also proposed.},
doi = {10.1002/aesr.202000044},
journal = {Advanced Energy and Sustainability Research},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {Country unknown/Code not available},
year = {2020},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1002/aesr.202000044

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Redox mechanism and cycling behaviour of nonylbenzo-hexaquinone electrodes in Li cells
journal, May 1987


Fused Heteroaromatic Organic Compounds for High-Power Electrodes of Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, January 2013

  • Liang, Yanliang; Zhang, Peng; Yang, Siqi
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 3, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201200947

Pathways for practical high-energy long-cycling lithium metal batteries
journal, February 2019


Fast, Reversible Lithium Storage with a Sulfur/Long-Chain-Polysulfide Redox Couple
journal, May 2013

  • Su, Yu-Sheng; Fu, Yongzhu; Guo, Bingkun
  • Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 19, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201300886

Crosslinked Polyimide and Reduced Graphene Oxide Composites as Long Cycle Life Positive Electrode for Lithium‐Ion Cells
journal, September 2020


Electrochemistry of Poly(2,2ʹ-dithiodianiline): A New Class of High Energy Conducting Polymer Interconnected with S[Single Bond]S Bonds
journal, January 1997

  • Naoi, Katsuhiko
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 144, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1837715

Publisher Correction: Advances and issues in developing salt-concentrated battery electrolytes
journal, March 2019


Reversible anion intercalation in a layered aromatic amine: a high-voltage host structure for organic batteries
journal, January 2016

  • Deunf, Élise; Moreau, Philippe; Quarez, Éric
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6TA02356H

High-voltage performance of LiCoO2/graphite batteries with methylene methanedisulfonate as electrolyte additive
journal, December 2012


Organosulfides: An Emerging Class of Cathode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, July 2019


Lithium Salt of Tetrahydroxybenzoquinone: Toward the Development of a Sustainable Li-Ion Battery
journal, July 2009

  • Chen, Haiyan; Armand, Michel; Courty, Matthieu
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 131, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja9024897

Azo compounds as a family of organic electrode materials for alkali-ion batteries
journal, February 2018

  • Luo, Chao; Borodin, Oleg; Ji, Xiao
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 115, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1717892115

Conductive nonconjugated radical polymer as high capacity organic cathode material for high-energy Li/Na ion batteries
journal, December 2020


Binding Zinc Ions by Carboxyl Groups from Adjacent Molecules toward Long‐Life Aqueous Zinc–Organic Batteries
journal, March 2020


Superior performance for lithium-ion battery with organic cathode and ionic liquid electrolyte
journal, January 2021


Safe and recyclable lithium-ion capacitors using sacrificial organic lithium salt
journal, December 2017

  • Jeżowski, P.; Crosnier, O.; Deunf, E.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 17, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat5029

Ortho-di-sodium salts of tetrahydroxyquinone as a novel electrode for lithium-ion and potassium-ion batteries
journal, January 2019


Introduction of two lithiooxycarbonyl groups enhances cyclability of lithium batteries with organic cathode materials
journal, August 2014


Rapid gas-assisted exfoliation promises V2O5 nanosheets for high performance lithium-sulfur batteries
journal, January 2020


"Water-in-salt" electrolyte enables high-voltage aqueous lithium-ion chemistries
journal, November 2015


Rechargeable Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
journal, July 2014

  • Manthiram, Arumugam; Fu, Yongzhu; Chung, Sheng-Heng
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 114, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr500062v

Polyphenyl polysulfide: a new polymer cathode material for Li–S batteries
journal, January 2019

  • Sang, Pengfei; Si, Yubing; Fu, Yongzhu
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 55, Issue 33
  • DOI: 10.1039/C9CC01495K

A Carbonyl Compound-Based Flexible Cathode with Superior Rate Performance and Cyclic Stability for Flexible Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, December 2017


A MC/AQ Parasitic Composite as Cathode Material for Lithium Battery
journal, January 2011

  • Lei, Zhao; Wei-kun, Wang; An-bang, Wang
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 158, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.3605719

Redox polymers for rechargeable metal-ion batteries
journal, May 2020


Characterization of PEDOT-Quinone Conducting Redox Polymers for Water Based Secondary Batteries
journal, May 2017


A 2D covalent organic framework as a high-performance cathode material for lithium-ion batteries
journal, April 2020


New Naphthalene‐Based Polyimide as an Environment‐Friendly Organic Cathode Material for Lithium Batteries
journal, April 2019

  • Mumyatov, Alexander V.; Shestakov, Alexander F.; Dremova, Nadezhda N.
  • Energy Technology, Vol. 7, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/ente.201801016

An All-Organic Aqueous Battery Powered by Adsorbed Quinone
journal, June 2019

  • Xu, Yuan; Zheng, Yiting; Wang, Congcheng
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 11, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.9b05159

Simultaneously Boosting the Ionic Conductivity and Mechanical Strength of Polymer Gel Electrolyte Membranes by Confining Ionic Liquids into Hollow Silica Nanocavities
journal, September 2019

  • Thapaliya, Bishnu P.; Do‐Thanh, Chi‐Linh; Jafta, Charl J.
  • Batteries & Supercaps, Vol. 2, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/batt.201900095

Enhanced electrochemical performance of barium hexaferrite nanoplates by Zn 2+ doping serving as anode materials
journal, January 2015

  • Hu, Chenxi; Qiu, Song; Lu, Guixia
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 5, Issue 87
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5RA12127B

Ten years left to redesign lithium-ion batteries
journal, July 2018


Renewable-Biomolecule-Based Full Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, March 2016


High-performance Lithium Secondary Batteries Using Cathode Active Materials of Triquinoxalinylenes Exhibiting Six Electron Migration
journal, July 2011

  • Matsunaga, Takayuki; Kubota, Takayuki; Sugimoto, Toyonari
  • Chemistry Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 7, p. 750-752
  • DOI: 10.1246/cl.2011.750

A H-bond stabilized quinone electrode material for Li–organic batteries: the strength of weak bonds
journal, January 2019

  • Sieuw, Louis; Jouhara, Alia; Quarez, Éric
  • Chemical Science, Vol. 10, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1039/C8SC02995D

Combination of high performance organic cathode Calix[4]quinone and practical biocarbon in sodium-ion batteries
journal, July 2020


Poly(5-amino-1,4-naphthoquinone), a Novel Lithium-Inserting Electroactive Polymer with High Specific Charge
journal, January 1999

  • Häringer, Daniel
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 146, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1391947

Electrodes with High Power and High Capacity for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, February 2006

  • Kang, Kisuk; Shirley Meng, Ying; Breger, Julien
  • Science, Vol. 311, Issue 5763, p. 977-980
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1122152

Diffusion-Cooperative Model for Charge Transport by Redox-Active Nonconjugated Polymers
journal, January 2018

  • Sato, Kan; Ichinoi, Rieka; Mizukami, Ryusuke
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 140, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b11272

New Spin on Organic Radical Batteries–An Isoindoline Nitroxide-Based High-Voltage Cathode Material
journal, February 2018

  • Hansen, Kai-Anders; Nerkar, Jawahar; Thomas, Komba
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 10, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b18252

Anthraquinone based polymer as high performance cathode material for rechargeable lithium batteries
journal, January 2009

  • Song, Zhiping; Zhan, Hui; Zhou, Yunhong
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 0, Issue 4, p. 448-450
  • DOI: 10.1039/B814515F

Towards the selective modification of soft-templated mesoporous carbon materials by elemental fluorine for energy storage devices
journal, January 2013

  • Adcock, Jamie L.; Fulvio, Pasquale F.; Dai, Sheng
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 1, Issue 33
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3ta10700k

Symmetric All-Quinone Aqueous Battery
journal, May 2019

  • Tong, Liuchuan; Jing, Yan; Gordon, Roy G.
  • ACS Applied Energy Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.9b00691

Porous Ti 4 O 7 Particles with Interconnected-Pore Structure as a High-Efficiency Polysulfide Mediator for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, May 2017

  • Mei, Shilin; Jafta, Charl J.; Lauermann, Iver
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201701176

Single Nickel Atoms on Nitrogen‐Doped Graphene Enabling Enhanced Kinetics of Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
journal, August 2019

  • Zhang, Linlin; Liu, Daobin; Muhammad, Zahir
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 31, Issue 40
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201903955

Recent progress in metal–organic polymers as promising electrodes for lithium/sodium rechargeable batteries
journal, January 2019

  • Wu, Zhenzhen; Xie, Jian; Xu, Zhichuan J.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/C8TA11994E

Recent progress in carbonyl-based organic polymers as promising electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs)
journal, January 2020

  • Wang, Hao; Yao, Chang-Jiang; Nie, Hai-Jing
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 8, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1039/D0TA03321A

Flexible, aqueous-electrolyte supercapacitors based on water-processable dioxythiophene polymer/carbon nanotube textile electrodes
journal, January 2017

  • Lang, Augustus W.; Ponder, James F.; Österholm, Anna M.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 5, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7TA07932J

Recent Progress in Polymeric Carbonyl-Based Electrode Materials for Lithium and Sodium Ion Batteries
journal, November 2018

  • Amin, Kamran; Mao, Lijuan; Wei, Zhixiang
  • Macromolecular Rapid Communications, Vol. 40, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/marc.201800565

Organic Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, May 2012

  • Liang, Yanliang; Tao, Zhanliang; Chen, Jun
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201100795

Molecular Design Strategies for Electrochemical Behavior of Aromatic Carbonyl Compounds in Organic and Aqueous Electrolytes
journal, July 2019

  • Peng, Huiling; Yu, Qianchuan; Wang, Shengping
  • Advanced Science, Vol. 6, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1002/advs.201900431

New intercalation compounds for lithium batteries: layered LiMnO2
journal, January 1999

  • Bruce, Peter G.; Armstrong, A. Robert; Gitzendanner, Robert L.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 9, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/a803938k

Polysulfurating reagent design for unsymmetrical polysulfide construction
journal, June 2018


Real-time insight into the doping mechanism of redox-active organic radical polymers
journal, November 2018


An Insoluble Benzoquinone-Based Organic Cathode for Use in Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, August 2017

  • Luo, Zhiqiang; Liu, Luojia; Zhao, Qing
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 56, Issue 41
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201706604

Graphene wrapped 3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylic dianhydride as a high-performance organic cathode for lithium ion batteries
journal, January 2016

  • Cui, Dongming; Tian, Di; Chen, Shasha
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6TA02880B

A Novel Conductive Polymer-Sulfur Composite Cathode Material for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, July 2002


Ionic Conductivity of Organosulfur Melts for Advanced Storage Electrodes
journal, January 1988

  • Visco, Steven J.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2095460

Rechargeable quasi-solid state lithium battery with organic crystalline cathode
journal, June 2012

  • Hanyu, Yuki; Honma, Itaru
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep00453

Unraveling the storage mechanism in organic carbonyl electrodes for sodium-ion batteries
journal, September 2015


From Biomass to a Renewable LiXC6O6 Organic Electrode for Sustainable Li-Ion Batteries
journal, April 2008


Polyquinoneimines for lithium storage: more than the sum of its parts
journal, January 2016

  • Tian, Bingbing; Ning, Guo-Hong; Tang, Wei
  • Materials Horizons, Vol. 3, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6MH00072J

Utilizing Latent Multi‐Redox Activity of p‐Type Organic Cathode Materials toward High Energy Density Lithium‐Organic Batteries
journal, July 2020

  • Lee, Sechan; Lee, Kyunam; Ku, Kyojin
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 32
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.202001635

Phenyl Selenosulfides as Cathode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, June 2018

  • Cui, Yi; Ackerson, Joseph D.; Ma, Ying
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 28, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201801791

Challenges for Rechargeable Li Batteries
journal, February 2010

  • Goodenough, John B.; Kim, Youngsik
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 3, p. 587-603
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm901452z

Proton trap effect on catechol–pyridine redox polymer nanoparticles as organic electrodes for lithium batteries
journal, January 2020

  • Gallastegui, Antonela; Minudri, Daniela; Casado, Nerea
  • Sustainable Energy & Fuels, Vol. 4, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/D0SE00531B

How Many Lithium Ions Can Be Inserted onto Fused C 6 Aromatic Ring Systems?
journal, April 2012

  • Han, Xiaoyan; Qing, Guangyan; Sun, Jutang
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 51, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201109187

Lithium Iron Aluminum Nickelate, LiNi x Fe y Al z O 2 —New Sustainable Cathodes for Next‐Generation Cobalt‐Free Li‐Ion Batteries
journal, July 2020

  • Muralidharan, Nitin; Essehli, Rachid; Hermann, Raphael P.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 32, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.202002960

All-Solid-State Lithium Organic Battery with Composite Polymer Electrolyte and Pillar[5]quinone Cathode
journal, November 2014

  • Zhu, Zhiqiang; Hong, Meiling; Guo, Dongsheng
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja507852t

Toward Improved Performance of All-Organic Nitroxide Radical Batteries with Ionic Liquids: A Theoretical Perspective
journal, February 2019


Superior radical polymer cathode material with a two-electron process redox reaction promoted by graphene
journal, January 2012

  • Guo, Wei; Yin, Ya-Xia; Xin, Sen
  • Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/C1EE02148F

Synthesis and characterization of highly conducting polyacetylene
journal, March 1995


Conjugated Carbonyl Compounds as High-Performance Cathode Materials for Rechargeable Batteries
journal, October 2019


Electrospun titania nanofibers segregated by graphene oxide for improved visible light photocatalysis
journal, February 2017


In situ polymerized succinonitrile-based solid polymer electrolytes for lithium ion batteries
journal, February 2020


Tuning Oxygen Redox Chemistry in Li‐Rich Mn‐Based Layered Oxide Cathodes by Modulating Cation Arrangement
journal, September 2019

  • Zhang, Jicheng; Cheng, Fangyi; Chou, Shulei
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 31, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201901808

Tuning the electrochemical behavior of organodisulfides in rechargeable lithium batteries using N-containing heterocycles
journal, January 2019

  • Wang, Dan-Yang; Si, Yubing; Li, Junjie
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1039/C9TA01273G

A Biodegradable Polydopamine-Derived Electrode Material for High-Capacity and Long-Life Lithium-Ion and Sodium-Ion Batteries
journal, August 2016

  • Sun, Tao; Li, Zong-jun; Wang, Heng-guo
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 55, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201604519

Tunable Conducting Polymers: Toward Sustainable and Versatile Batteries
journal, August 2019


Fluorination of “brick and mortar” soft-templated graphitic ordered mesoporous carbons for high power lithium-ion battery
journal, January 2013

  • Fulvio, Pasquale F.; Veith, Gabriel M.; Adcock, Jamie L.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 1, Issue 33
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3ta10710h

Challenges and Prospects of Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
journal, June 2012

  • Manthiram, Arumugam; Fu, Yongzhu; Su, Yu-Sheng
  • Accounts of Chemical Research, Vol. 46, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/ar300179v

Strategies towards Low‐Cost Dual‐Ion Batteries with High Performance
journal, November 2019

  • Zhou, Xiaolong; Liu, Qirong; Jiang, Chunlei
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 59, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201814294

Exfoliation of Covalent Organic Frameworks into Few-Layer Redox-Active Nanosheets as Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, March 2017

  • Wang, Shan; Wang, Qianyou; Shao, Pengpeng
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 139, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b02648

A Crystalline, 2D Polyarylimide Cathode for Ultrastable and Ultrafast Li Storage
journal, May 2019

  • Wang, Gang; Chandrasekhar, Naisa; Biswal, Bishnu P.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 31, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201901478

Hypercrosslinked phenothiazine-based polymers as high redox potential organic cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries
journal, January 2020

  • Zhang, Ying; Gao, Panpan; Guo, Xinya
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 10, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1039/D0RA01312A

Aqueous Mg-Ion Battery Based on Polyimide Anode and Prussian Blue Cathode
journal, April 2017


Application of quinonic cathode compounds for quasi-solid lithium batteries
journal, January 2013


Cobalt dissolution in LiCoO2-based non-aqueous rechargeable batteries
journal, January 1996


Nanoengineered Ultralight Organic Cathode Based on Aromatic Carbonyl Compound/Graphene Aerogel for Green Lithium and Sodium Ion Batteries
journal, May 2018


Theory of the Double Layer in Water-in-Salt Electrolytes
journal, September 2018

  • McEldrew, Michael; Goodwin, Zachary A. H.; Kornyshev, Alexei A.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 9, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b02543

Two-dimensional organic cathode materials for alkali-metal-ion batteries
journal, January 2018


All-Organic Rechargeable Battery with Reversibility Supported by “Water-in-Salt” Electrolyte
journal, January 2017

  • Dong, Xiaoli; Yu, Hongchuan; Ma, Yuanyuan
  • Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 23, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201700063

Opportunities and challenges for a sustainable energy future
journal, August 2012

  • Chu, Steven; Majumdar, Arun
  • Nature, Vol. 488, Issue 7411, p. 294-303
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11475

The Birth of the Lithium-Ion Battery
journal, February 2012


Size Effects on Carbon-Free LiFePO[sub 4] Powders
journal, January 2006

  • Delacourt, C.; Poizot, P.; Levasseur, S.
  • Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, Vol. 9, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2201987

Toward Low-Cost All-Organic and Biodegradable Li-Ion Batteries
journal, March 2020


Quinone molecules encapsulated in SWCNTs for low-temperature Na ion batteries
journal, July 2017


Lightweight Rechargeable Storage Batteries Using Polyacetylene, (CH)[sub x] as the Cathode-Active Material
journal, January 1981

  • Nigrey, Paul J.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 128, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2127704

Multielectron Redox Compounds for Organic Cathode Quasi-Solid State Lithium Battery
journal, October 2013

  • Hanyu, Yuki; Sugimoto, Toyonari; Ganbe, Yoshiyuki
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 161, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.015401jes

An acid-pasting approach towards perylenetetracarboxylic diimide based lithium/sodium ion battery cathodes with high rate performances
journal, March 2019


Rocking-Chair Ammonium-Ion Battery: A Highly Reversible Aqueous Energy Storage System
journal, September 2017

  • Wu, Xianyong; Qi, Yitong; Hong, Jessica J.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 56, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201707473

Hierarchical Nanostructured Benzoic Naphthalene Tetracarboxylic Di‐imide Organic Cathode for Lithium Ion Battery
journal, February 2020

  • More, Sahebrao; Khupse, Nageshwar; Bhosale, Manik
  • ChemistrySelect, Vol. 5, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/slct.201904741

Functionalization of poly(4-chloromethylstyrene) with anthraquinone pendants for organic anode-active materials
journal, May 2011

  • Oyaizu, Kenichi; Choi, Wonsung; Nishide, Hiroyuki
  • Polymers for Advanced Technologies, Vol. 22, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/pat.1968

High-performance rechargeable aqueous Zn-ion batteries with a poly(benzoquinonyl sulfide) cathode
journal, January 2018

  • Dawut, Gulbahar; Lu, Yong; Miao, Licheng
  • Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers, Vol. 5, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1039/C8QI00197A

Cyclohexanehexone with Ultrahigh Capacity as Cathode Materials for Lithium‐Ion Batteries
journal, May 2019

  • Lu, Yong; Hou, Xuesen; Miao, Licheng
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201902185

Electrochromic Poly(chalcogenoviologen)s as Anode Materials for High‐Performance Organic Radical Lithium‐Ion Batteries
journal, June 2019

  • Li, Guoping; Zhang, Bingjie; Wang, Jianwei
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201903152

High-performance lithium–organic batteries by achieving 16 lithium storage in poly(imine-anthraquinone)
journal, January 2019

  • Man, Zengming; Li, Peng; Zhou, Dong
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1039/C8TA11230D

Hybrid LiMn2O4–radical polymer cathodes for pulse power delivery applications
journal, November 2017


Li-ion diffusion kinetics in LiFePO4 thin film prepared by radio frequency magnetron sputtering
journal, August 2009


Effect of N-substitution in naphthalenediimides on the electrochemical performance of organic rechargeable batteries
journal, January 2012

  • Kim, Dong Jun; Je, Sang Hyun; Sampath, Srinivasan
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 2, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2ra21239k

Carbonyl‐Based π‐Conjugated Materials: From Synthesis to Applications in Lithium‐Ion Batteries
journal, April 2019

  • Oubaha, Hamid; Gohy, Jean‐François; Melinte, Sorin
  • ChemPlusChem, Vol. 84, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/cplu.201800652

Trisulfide‐Bond Acenes for Organic Batteries
journal, September 2019

  • Hu, Peng; He, Xuexia; Ng, Man‐Fai
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201906301

Boosting lithium storage in covalent organic framework via activation of 14-electron redox chemistry
journal, February 2018


Various aspects of LiNiO 2 chemistry: A review
journal, January 2005


Intermixed Cation–Anion Aqueous Battery Based on an Extremely Fast and Long‐Cycling Di‐Block Bipyridinium–Naphthalene Diimide Oligomer
journal, May 2019

  • Perticarari, Sofia; Doizy, Tom; Soudan, Patrick
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201803688

Aromatic Polyimide/Graphene Composite Organic Cathodes for Fast and Sustainable Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, January 2018


A highly conductive conjugated coordination polymer for fast-charge sodium-ion batteries: reconsidering its structures
journal, January 2019

  • Wu, Yanchao; Chen, Yuan; Tang, Mi
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 55, Issue 73
  • DOI: 10.1039/C9CC05679C

Sulfur Composite Cathode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, June 2003

  • Wang, J.; Yang, J.; Wan, C.
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 6, p. 487-492
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.200304284

An organic cathode with high capacities for fast-charge potassium-ion batteries
journal, January 2019

  • Tang, Mi; Wu, Yanchao; Chen, Yuan
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1039/C8TA09960J

Bis(trimethylsilyl) 2-fluoromalonate derivatives as electrolyte additives for high voltage lithium ion batteries
journal, February 2019


Recognizing the Mechanism of Sulfurized Polyacrylonitrile Cathode Materials for Li–S Batteries and beyond in Al–S Batteries
journal, November 2018


Electrode Kinetics of Organodisulfide Cathodes for Storage Batteries
journal, March 1990

  • Liu, Meilin; Visco, Steven J.; De Jonghe, Lutgard C.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2086549

Fluorination of MXene by Elemental F 2 as Electrode Material for Lithium‐Ion Batteries
journal, March 2019

  • Thapaliya, Bishnu P.; Jafta, Charl J.; Lyu, Hailong
  • ChemSusChem, Vol. 12, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201900003

Bridging the academic and industrial metrics for next-generation practical batteries
journal, February 2019


Comparison of Metal Ion Dissolutions from Lithium Ion Battery Cathodes
journal, January 2006

  • Choi, W.; Manthiram, A.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 153, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2219710

Aromatic porous-honeycomb electrodes for a sodium-organic energy storage device
journal, February 2013

  • Sakaushi, Ken; Hosono, Eiji; Nickerl, Georg
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2481

Made From Henna! A Fast-Charging, High-Capacity, and Recyclable Tetrakislawsone Cathode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries
journal, July 2019


Integrating Multiredox Centers into One Framework for High-Performance Organic Li-Ion Battery Cathodes
journal, November 2019


Unusual Capacity Increases with Cycling for Ladder-Type Microporous Polymers
journal, December 2018

  • Schon, Tyler B.; An, So Young; Tilley, Andrew J.
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 11, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b18293

A Pyrazine‐Based Polymer for Fast‐Charge Batteries
journal, December 2019

  • Mao, Minglei; Luo, Chao; Pollard, Travis P.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 49
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201910916

Core-shell structured 1,4-benzoquinone@TiO2 cathode for lithium batteries
journal, November 2018


Building better batteries
journal, February 2008

  • Armand, M.; Tarascon, J.-M.
  • Nature, Vol. 451, Issue 7179, p. 652-657
  • DOI: 10.1038/451652a

Electrochemistry of Poly(3,4-alkylenedioxythiophene) Derivatives
journal, June 2003

  • Groenendaal, L.; Zotti, G.; Aubert, P. -H.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 15, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200300376

A New Type of Protective Surface Layer for High-Capacity Ni-Based Cathode Materials: Nanoscaled Surface Pillaring Layer
journal, February 2013

  • Cho, Yonghyun; Oh, Pilgun; Cho, Jaephil
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl304558t

Probing Thermal Stability of Li-Ion Battery Ni-Rich Layered Oxide Cathodes by means of Operando Gas Analysis and Neutron Diffraction
journal, June 2020

  • Geng, Linxiao; Liu, Jue; Wood, David L.
  • ACS Applied Energy Materials, Vol. 3, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.0c01105

A Novel Coordination Polymer as Positive Electrode Material for Lithium Ion Battery
journal, January 2008

  • Xiang, Jiangfeng; Chang, Caixian; Li, Ming
  • Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/cg070386q

Probing electrochemical reactions in organic cathode materials via in operando infrared spectroscopy
journal, February 2018


A Metal-Organic Framework Host for Highly Reversible Dendrite-free Zinc Metal Anodes
journal, May 2019


A High Energy Density Lithium/Dichloroisocyanuric Acid Battery System
journal, January 1969

  • Williams, D. L.; Byrne, J. J.; Driscoll, J. S.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 116, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2411755

A quinone-based oligomeric lithium salt for superior Li–organic batteries
journal, January 2014

  • Song, Zhiping; Qian, Yumin; Liu, Xizheng
  • Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 7, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4EE02575J

Multidimensional operando analysis of macroscopic structure evolution in lithium sulfur cells by X-ray radiography
journal, January 2016

  • Risse, S.; Jafta, C. J.; Yang, Y.
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 18, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6CP01020B

Electroactive organic anion-doped polypyrrole as a low cost and renewable cathode for sodium-ion batteries
journal, October 2012

  • Zhou, Min; Xiong, Ya; Cao, Yuliang
  • Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, Vol. 51, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/polb.23184

High-Performance Organic Lithium Batteries with an Ether-Based Electrolyte and 9,10-Anthraquinone (AQ)/CMK-3 Cathode
journal, April 2015


Integrated Surface Functionalization of Li-Rich Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries
journal, October 2018

  • Wang, Dandan; Xu, Tinghua; Li, Yaping
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 10, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b16319

Nernstian Adsorbate-like Bulk Layer of Organic Radical Polymers for High-Density Charge Storage Purposes
journal, November 2008

  • Oyaizu, Kenichi; Ando, Yuko; Konishi, Hiroaki
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 130, Issue 44
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja803742b

Exfoliated Triazine-Based Covalent Organic Nanosheets with Multielectron Redox for High-Performance Lithium Organic Batteries
journal, November 2018

  • Lei, Zhendong; Chen, Xiudong; Sun, Weiwei
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201801010

Facile Synthesis of Porous Nickel/Carbon Composite Microspheres with Enhanced Electromagnetic Wave Absorption by Magnetic and Dielectric Losses
journal, July 2016

  • Qiu, Song; Lyu, Hailong; Liu, Jiurong
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b03159

Atomic Structure of Li 2 MnO 3 after Partial Delithiation and Re-Lithiation
journal, June 2013


Study of the Failure Mechanisms of LiNi 0.8 Mn 0.1 Co 0.1 O 2 Cathode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries
journal, January 2015

  • Li, Jing; Downie, Laura E.; Ma, Lin
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 162, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.1011507jes

A dicyanobenzoquinone based cathode material for rechargeable lithium and sodium ion batteries
journal, January 2019

  • Lyu, Hailong; Jafta, Charl J.; Popovs, Ilja
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1039/C9TA04869C

Triptycene-based quinone molecules showing multi-electron redox reactions for large capacity and high energy organic cathode materials in Li-ion batteries
journal, January 2018

  • Kwon, Ji Eon; Hyun, Chang-Seok; Ryu, Young Jun
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7TA09968A

Rechargeable batteries with organic radical cathodes
journal, June 2002


High-capacity organic positive-electrode material based on a benzoquinone derivative for use in rechargeable lithium batteries
journal, December 2010


Investigation into the use of quinone compounds-for battery cathodes
journal, May 1972


Performance and cost of materials for lithium-based rechargeable automotive batteries
journal, April 2018


Charge-transfer complexes for high-power organic rechargeable batteries
journal, July 2019


Reverse Dual-Ion Battery via a ZnCl 2 Water-in-Salt Electrolyte
journal, March 2019

  • Wu, Xianyong; Xu, Yunkai; Zhang, Chong
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 141, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b00617

CNT-Intertwined Polymer Electrode toward the Practical Application of Wearable Devices
journal, November 2019

  • Liu, Ning; Liu, Yuzhu; Zhao, Yali
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 11, Issue 50
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.9b15462

All-solid-state interpenetrating network polymer electrolytes for long cycle life of lithium metal batteries
journal, January 2018

  • Tong, Yongfen; Lyu, Hailong; Xu, Yuzhong
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1039/C8TA03062F

Conducting-Polymer/Iron-Redox- Couple Composite Cathodes for Lithium Secondary Batteries
journal, March 2007

  • Park, K. -S.; Schougaard, S. B.; Goodenough, J. B.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 19, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200600369

Electrical Conductivity in Doped Polyacetylene
journal, October 1977


Enhanced electrochemical performances of MoO 2 nanoparticles composited with carbon nanotubes for lithium-ion battery anodes
journal, January 2015

  • Qiu, Song; Lu, Guixia; Liu, Jiurong
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 5, Issue 106
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5RA17147D

Aqueous Electrochemistry of Poly(vinylanthraquinone) for Anode-Active Materials in High-Density and Rechargeable Polymer/Air Batteries
journal, December 2011

  • Choi, Wonsung; Harada, Daisuke; Oyaizu, Kenichi
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 133, Issue 49, p. 19839-19843
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja206961t

A Soft Chemistry Approach to Coating of LiFePO4 with a Conducting Polymer
journal, June 2011

  • Lepage, David; Michot, Christophe; Liang, Guoxian
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 50, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201101661

Electrochemical lithium-ion storage properties of quinone molecules encapsulated in single-walled carbon nanotubes
journal, January 2016

  • Ishii, Yosuke; Tashiro, Kosuke; Hosoe, Kento
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 18, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6CP01103A

Recycling of Spent Lithium-Ion Battery: A Critical Review
journal, April 2014

  • Zeng, Xianlai; Li, Jinhui; Singh, Narendra
  • Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 44, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1080/10643389.2013.763578

Organic Cathode for Aqueous Zn-Ion Batteries: Taming a Unique Phase Evolution toward Stable Electrochemical Cycling
journal, May 2018


Opportunities and Challenges for Organic Electrodes in Electrochemical Energy Storage
journal, March 2020


Modification of Ni-Rich FCG NMC and NCA Cathodes by Atomic Layer Deposition: Preventing Surface Phase Transitions for High-Voltage Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, May 2016

  • Mohanty, Debasish; Dahlberg, Kevin; King, David M.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep26532

Materials Challenges and Opportunities of Lithium Ion Batteries
journal, January 2011

  • Manthiram, Arumugam
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 2, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/jz1015422

Nitrogen‐Linked Hexaazatrinaphthylene Polymer as Cathode Material in Lithium‐Ion Battery
journal, February 2020

  • Wang, Jinquan; En, Justin Chua Zhi; Riduan, Siti Nurhanna
  • Chemistry – A European Journal, Vol. 26, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201904773

Poly(benzoquinonyl sulfide) as a High-Energy Organic Cathode for Rechargeable Li and Na Batteries
journal, June 2015


Taming Active Material-Solid Electrolyte Interfaces with Organic Cathode for All-Solid-State Batteries
journal, May 2019


Full Organic Aqueous Battery Based on TEMPO Small Molecule with Millimeter-Thick Electrodes
journal, June 2018


Synthesis and Characterization of Semiconductive Poly‐1,4‐Dimethoxybenzene and Its Derived Polyquinone
journal, April 1986

  • Foos, J. S.; Erker, S. M.; Rembetsy, L. M.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 133, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2108689

Carbon Coated Porous Titanium Niobium Oxides as Anode Materials of Lithium-Ion Batteries for Extreme Fast Charge Applications
journal, May 2020

  • Lyu, Hailong; Li, Jianlin; Wang, Tao
  • ACS Applied Energy Materials, Vol. 3, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.0c00633

Organic Electrode Materials for Metal Ion Batteries
journal, January 2020


Bis(aryl) Tetrasulfides as Cathode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, October 2017

  • Guo, Wei; Wawrzyniakowski, Zachary D.; Cerda, Matthew M.
  • Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 23, Issue 67
  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201703895

Li-ion battery materials: present and future
journal, June 2015


Polyacetylene, (CH) x : n ‐type and p ‐type doping and compensation
journal, July 1978

  • Chiang, C. K.; Gau, S. C.; Fincher, C. R.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 33, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.90166

An aromatic carbonyl compound-linked conjugated microporous polymer as an advanced cathode material for lithium-organic batteries
journal, January 2020

  • Li, Kang; Li, Qiang; Wang, Yunong
  • Materials Chemistry Frontiers, Vol. 4, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/D0QM00335B

Synthesis of layered LiMnO2 as an electrode for rechargeable lithium batteries
journal, June 1996

  • Armstrong, A. Robert; Bruce, Peter G.
  • Nature, Vol. 381, Issue 6582
  • DOI: 10.1038/381499a0

Challenges and opportunities towards fast-charging battery materials
journal, June 2019


A comparative XPS surface study of Li 2 FeSiO 4 /C cycled with LiTFSI- and LiPF 6 -based electrolytes
journal, January 2009

  • Ensling, David; Stjerndahl, Mårten; Nytén, Anton
  • J. Mater. Chem., Vol. 19, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/B813099J

Tunable Redox Chemistry and Stability of Radical Intermediates in 2D Covalent Organic Frameworks for High Performance Sodium Ion Batteries
journal, April 2019

  • Gu, Shuai; Wu, Shaofei; Cao, Lujie
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 141, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b03467

Understanding the Electrochemical Properties of Naphthalene Diimide: Implication for Stable and High-Rate Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodes
journal, April 2018


Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of High-Voltage Nanostructured LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4 Spinel: Tuning the Mn3+ Content and Electrochemical Performance
journal, July 2013

  • Jafta, Charl J.; Mathe, Mkhulu K.; Manyala, Ncholu
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 5, Issue 15, p. 7592-7598
  • DOI: 10.1021/am401894t

Polyimide Containing Tricarbonyl Moiety as an Active Cathode for Rechargeable Li-Ion Batteries
journal, January 2018

  • Jung, Mi-Hee; Ghorpade, Ravindra V.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 165, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0391811jes

Optimization of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube based CFx electrodes for improved primary and secondary battery performances
journal, May 2014


A Microporous Covalent-Organic Framework with Abundant Accessible Carbonyl Groups for Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, June 2018

  • Luo, Zhiqiang; Liu, Luojia; Ning, Jiaxin
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 57, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201805540

Biologically inspired pteridine redox centres for rechargeable batteries
journal, October 2014

  • Hong, Jihyun; Lee, Minah; Lee, Byungju
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6335

An Energy Storage Principle using Bipolar Porous Polymeric Frameworks
journal, June 2012

  • Sakaushi, Ken; Nickerl, Georg; Wisser, Florian M.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 51, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201202476

Batteries and fuel cells for emerging electric vehicle markets
journal, April 2018


Perspectives of automotive battery R&D in China, Germany, Japan, and the USA
journal, April 2018


Powering up the Future: Radical Polymers for Battery Applications
journal, December 2012

  • Janoschka, Tobias; Hager, Martin D.; Schubert, Ulrich S.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201203119

Anthraquinones with Ionizable Sodium Sulfonate Groups as Renewable Cathode Materials for Sodium‐Ion Batteries
journal, September 2018


Electrically conductive polymers as rechargeable battery electrodes
journal, September 1988


Photostimulus‐Responsive Large‐Area Two‐Dimensional Covalent Organic Framework Films
journal, November 2019

  • Yu, Fei; Liu, Wenbo; Li, Bang
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201909613

Rationally Designed High-Sulfur-Content Polymeric Cathode Material for Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
journal, January 2019

  • Bhargav, Amruth; Chang, Chi-Hao; Fu, Yongzhu
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 11, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b21395

Poly(2,5-dihydroxy-1,4-benzoquinonyl sulfide) (PDBS) as a cathode material for lithium ion batteries
journal, January 2011

  • Liu, Kai; Zheng, Jianming; Zhong, Guiming
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 21, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/c0jm03127e

Polyimides: Promising Energy-Storage Materials
journal, September 2010

  • Song, Zhiping; Zhan, Hui; Zhou, Yunhong
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 49, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201002439

Environmentally-friendly aqueous Li (or Na)-ion battery with fast electrode kinetics and super-long life
journal, January 2016


Challenges in the development of advanced Li-ion batteries: a review
journal, January 2011

  • Etacheri, Vinodkumar; Marom, Rotem; Elazari, Ran
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 4, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/c1ee01598b

Polyanthraquinone as a Reliable Organic Electrode for Stable and Fast Lithium Storage
journal, September 2015

  • Song, Zhiping; Qian, Yumin; Gordin, Mikhail L.
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 127, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201506673

Enhanced Cycle Performance of Polyimide Cathode Using a Quasi-Solid-State Electrolyte
journal, September 2018

  • Zhang, Yadi; An, Yufeng; Dong, Shengyang
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 122, Issue 39
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b06513

A Multidimensional Operando Study Showing the Importance of the Electrode Macrostructure in Lithium Sulfur Batteries
journal, June 2020

  • Jafta, Charl J.; Hilger, André; Sun, Xiao-Guang
  • ACS Applied Energy Materials, Vol. 3, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.0c01027

Lithium storage mechanisms in purpurin based organic lithium ion battery electrodes
journal, December 2012

  • Reddy, Arava Leela Mohana; Nagarajan, Subbiah; Chumyim, Porramate
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep00960

Influence of DC conductivity of PPy anode on Li/PPy secondary batteries
journal, September 2008

  • Ren, Li; Su, Liwei; Chen, Xiaofeng
  • Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 109, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/app.28470

Studies on Bare and Mg-doped LiCoO2 as a cathode material for Lithium ion Batteries
journal, May 2014


High Sulfur Content Material with Stable Cycling in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, October 2017

  • Preefer, Molleigh B.; Oschmann, Bernd; Hawker, Craig J.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 56, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201708746

Synergistic Effect in Carbon Coated LiFePO 4 for High Yield Spontaneous Grafting of Diazonium Salt. Structural Examination at the Grain Agglomerate Scale
journal, July 2013

  • Madec, Lénaïc; Robert, Donatien; Moreau, Philippe
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja405087x

Self-Assembled Organic Nanowires for High Power Density Lithium Ion Batteries
journal, February 2014

  • Luo, Chao; Huang, Ruiming; Kevorkyants, Ruslan
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl500026j

Organic Radical Battery Approaching Practical Use
journal, March 2011

  • Nakahara, Kentaro; Oyaizu, Kenichi; Nishide, Hiroyuki
  • Chemistry Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1246/cl.2011.222

Improved Capacity Retention of SiO2-Coated LiNi0.6Mn0.2Co0.2O2 Cathode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, September 2019

  • Lu, Xiaoxue; Zhang, Ningxin; Jahn, Marcus
  • Applied Sciences, Vol. 9, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.3390/app9183671

The unique chemistry of thiuram polysulfides enables energy dense lithium batteries
journal, January 2017

  • Bhargav, Amruth; Ma, Ying; Shashikala, Kollur
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 5, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7TA07460C

Manipulation of conjugation to stabilize N redox-active centers for the design of high-voltage organic battery cathode
journal, January 2019


An air-stable lithiated cathode material based on a 1,4-benzenedisulfonate backbone for organic Li-ion batteries
journal, January 2018

  • Lakraychi, A. E.; Deunf, E.; Fahsi, K.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 39
  • DOI: 10.1039/C8TA07097K

Quinone Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium/Sodium Ion Batteries
journal, May 2017

  • Wu, Yiwen; Zeng, Ronghua; Nan, Junmin
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 7, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201700278

Enhanced Lithium Storage of an Organic Cathode via the Bipolar Mechanism
journal, April 2020

  • Liu, Tianyuan; Kim, Ki Chul; Lee, Byeongyong
  • ACS Applied Energy Materials, Vol. 3, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.0c00187

Improved electromagnetic wave absorption of Co nanoparticles decorated carbon nanotubes derived from synergistic magnetic and dielectric losses
journal, January 2016

  • Wu, Nannan; Lv, Hailong; Liu, Jiurong
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 18, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6CP06066H

Development of polyaniline–lithium secondary battery
journal, February 1990

  • Matsunaga, Tsutomu; Daifuku, Hideharu; Nakajima, Tadashi
  • Polymers for Advanced Technologies, Vol. 1, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/pat.1990.220010106

Conjugacy of organic cathode materials for high-potential lithium-ion batteries: Carbonitriles versus quinones
journal, January 2020


A high performance hybrid battery based on aluminum anode and LiFePO 4 cathode
journal, January 2016

  • Sun, Xiao-Guang; Bi, Zhonghe; Liu, Hansan
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 52, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5CC09019A

Sustainable Energy Storage: Recent Trends and Developments toward Fully Organic Batteries
journal, August 2019

  • Friebe, Christian; Lex‐Balducci, Alexandra; Schubert, Ulrich S.
  • ChemSusChem, Vol. 12, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201901545

Electron-Transfer Kinetics of Nitroxide Radicals as an Electrode-Active Material
journal, December 2004

  • Suga, Takeo; Pu, Yong-Jin; Oyaizu, Kenichi
  • Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, Vol. 77, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1246/bcsj.77.2203

Polymer-Based Organic Batteries
journal, August 2016


A Universal Organic Cathode for Ultrafast Lithium and Multivalent Metal Batteries
journal, May 2018

  • Fan, Xiulin; Wang, Fei; Ji, Xiao
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 57, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201803703

Bioinspired Redox-Active Catechol-Bearing Polymers as Ultrarobust Organic Cathodes for Lithium Storage
journal, September 2017

  • Patil, Nagaraj; Aqil, Abdelhafid; Ouhib, Farid
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 40
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201703373

Aromatic Carbonyl Derivative Polymers as High-Performance Li-Ion Storage Materials
journal, June 2007

  • Han, X.; Chang, C.; Yuan, L.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 19, Issue 12, p. 1616-1621
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200602584

Biological Nicotinamide Cofactor as a Redox‐Active Motif for Reversible Electrochemical Energy Storage
journal, November 2019

  • Kim, Jihyeon; Ko, Sunghyun; Noh, Chanwoo
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201906844

Few‐Layer Boron Nitride with Engineered Nitrogen Vacancies for Promoting Conversion of Polysulfide as a Cathode Matrix for Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
journal, May 2019

  • Yi, Yikun; Li, Hongping; Chang, Honghong
  • Chemistry – A European Journal, Vol. 25, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201900884

Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel H6 analogues as drug resistance reversal agents
journal, January 2019


Recent Progress in Calix[ n ]quinone ( n =4, 6) and Pillar[5]quinone Electrodes for Secondary Rechargeable Batteries
journal, April 2020


Impact of the synthesis method on the solid-state charge transport of radical polymers
journal, January 2018

  • Zhang, Yiren; Park, Albert; Cintora, Alicia
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7TC04645F

Issues and challenges facing rechargeable lithium batteries
journal, November 2001

  • Tarascon, J.-M.; Armand, M.
  • Nature, Vol. 414, Issue 6861, p. 359-367
  • DOI: 10.1038/35104644

Mixture is better: enhanced electrochemical performance of phenyl selenosulfide in rechargeable lithium batteries
journal, January 2018

  • Guo, Wei; Bhargav, Amruth; Ackerson, Joseph D.
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 54, Issue 64
  • DOI: 10.1039/C8CC04076A

High‐Lithium‐Affinity Chemically Exfoliated 2D Covalent Organic Frameworks
journal, May 2019


Poorly Soluble 2,6-Dimethoxy-9,10-anthraquinone Cathode for Lithium-Ion Batteries: The Role of Electrolyte Concentration
journal, January 2020

  • Yang, Jixing; Wang, Zhuanping; Shi, Yeqing
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 12, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.9b19623

Long Cycle Life Organic Polysulfide Catholyte for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, December 2019


A Rigid Naphthalenediimide Triangle for Organic Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, March 2015

  • Chen, Dongyang; Avestro, Alyssa-Jennifer; Chen, Zonghai
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201405416

A Perylene Diimide Crystal with High Capacity and Stable Cyclability for Na-Ion Batteries
journal, September 2015

  • Deng, Wenwen; Shen, Yifei; Qian, Jiangfeng
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b04325

Porous polythiophene as a cathode material for lithium batteries with high capacity and good cycling stability
journal, January 2012


LiFePO4 with an alluaudite crystal structure for lithium ion batteries
journal, January 2013

  • Kim, Jongsoon; Kim, Hyungsub; Park, Inchul
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 6, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3ee24393a

Poly(phenylacetylene)s bearing thianthrene groups as high-voltage organic cathode materials for lithium batteries
journal, January 2020


Performance of Lithium/Polyacetylene Cell
journal, December 1984

  • Shinozaki, Kenji; Tomizuka, Yukio; Nojiri, Akio
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 23, Issue Part 2, No. 12
  • DOI: 10.1143/JJAP.23.L892

Carbonyl Bridge-Based p−π Conjugated Polymers as High-Performance Electrodes of Organic Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, March 2020

  • Zu, Yunfei; Xu, Ye; Ma, Lijiao
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 12, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.9b23438

A High-Energy-Density Potassium Battery with a Polymer-Gel Electrolyte and a Polyaniline Cathode
journal, April 2018

  • Gao, Hongcai; Xue, Leigang; Xin, Sen
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 57, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201802248

Conjugated Carbonyl Polymer-Based Flexible Cathode for Superior Lithium-Organic Batteries
journal, July 2019

  • Li, Qiang; Li, Dongni; Wang, Haidong
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 11, Issue 32
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.9b06437

Chromium(III) oxide carbon nanocomposites lithium-ion battery anodes with enhanced energy conversion performance
journal, October 2015


Ultrafast Charge/Discharge by a 99.9% Conventional Lithium Iron Phosphate Electrode Containing 0.1% Redox-Active Fluoflavin Polymer
journal, April 2020


Lithium-Sulfur Batteries Based on Nitrogen-Doped Carbon and an Ionic-Liquid Electrolyte
journal, July 2012


Biologically derived melanin electrodes in aqueous sodium-ion energy storage devices
journal, December 2013

  • Kim, Y. J.; Wu, W.; Chun, S. -E.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, Issue 52
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1314345110

Multi-walled carbon nanotubes composited with nanomagnetite for anodes in lithium ion batteries
journal, January 2015

  • Li, Xiaoyu; Gu, Hongbo; Liu, Jiurong
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 5, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4RA15228J

Carbonyls: Powerful Organic Materials for Secondary Batteries
journal, April 2015

  • Häupler, Bernhard; Wild, Andreas; Schubert, Ulrich S.
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201402034

A Dual‐Ion Organic Symmetric Battery Constructed from Phenazine‐Based Artificial Bipolar Molecules
journal, July 2019

  • Dai, Gaole; He, Yan; Niu, Zhihui
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201901040

Synthesis and Reaction Mechanism of Novel Fluorinated Carbon Fiber as a High-Voltage Cathode Material for Rechargeable Na Batteries
journal, February 2016


Organic quinones towards advanced electrochemical energy storage: recent advances and challenges
journal, January 2019

  • Han, Cuiping; Li, Hongfei; Shi, Ruiying
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 41
  • DOI: 10.1039/C9TA05252F

Polymer-Bound Pyrene-4,5,9,10-tetraone for Fast-Charge and -Discharge Lithium-Ion Batteries with High Capacity
journal, November 2012

  • Nokami, Toshiki; Matsuo, Takahiro; Inatomi, Yuu
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 134, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja306663g

In Situ Electropolymerization Enables Ultrafast Long Cycle Life and High‐Voltage Organic Cathodes for Lithium Batteries
journal, May 2020

  • Zhao, Chen; Chen, Zifeng; Wang, Wei
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 59, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.202000566

Highly dispersed sulfur in a porous aromatic framework as a cathode for lithium–sulfur batteries
journal, January 2013

  • Guo, Bingkun; Ben, Teng; Bi, Zhonghe
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 49, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3cc41518j

Polythiophene coated aromatic polyimide enabled ultrafast and sustainable lithium ion batteries
journal, January 2017

  • Lyu, Hailong; Liu, Jiurong; Mahurin, Shannon
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 5, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7TA07893E

Tuning the Chemistry of Organonitrogen Compounds for Promoting All‐Organic Anionic Rechargeable Batteries
journal, October 2019

  • Jouhara, Alia; Quarez, Eric; Dolhem, Franck
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 44
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201908475

Reaction of trialkyl phosphites with organic trisulfides. Synthetic and mechanistic aspects
journal, November 1979

  • Harpp, David N.; Smith, Roger A.
  • The Journal of Organic Chemistry, Vol. 44, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/jo01337a026

Nonconjugated Redox-Active Polymer Mediators for Rapid Electrocatalytic Charging of Lithium Metal Oxides
journal, August 2019

  • Hatakeyama-Sato, Kan; Masui, Tomomi; Serikawa, Takuma
  • ACS Applied Energy Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.9b01007

High-capacity organic electrode material calix[4] quinone/CMK-3 nanocomposite for lithium batteries
journal, April 2018


Polyanthraquinone as a Reliable Organic Electrode for Stable and Fast Lithium Storage
journal, September 2015

  • Song, Zhiping; Qian, Yumin; Gordin, Mikhail L.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 54, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201506673

High-Power-Density Organic Radical Batteries
journal, February 2017


Raising the redox potential in carboxyphenolate-based positive organic materials via cation substitution
journal, October 2018


Aligning academia and industry for unified battery performance metrics
journal, December 2018


An Environmentally Friendly and Flexible Aqueous Zinc Battery Using an Organic Cathode
journal, August 2018

  • Guo, Zhaowei; Ma, Yuanyuan; Dong, Xiaoli
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 57, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201807121

Multivalent rechargeable batteries
journal, July 2019


Porous Metal–Organic Frameworks Containing Reversible Disulfide Linkages as Cathode Materials for Lithium‐Ion Batteries
journal, March 2020


How we made the Li-ion rechargeable battery
journal, March 2018


Recent progress in advanced electrode materials, separators and electrolytes for lithium batteries
journal, January 2018

  • Zhang, Hailin; Zhao, Hongbin; Khan, Muhammad Arif
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1039/C8TA05336G

Prospects of organic electrode materials for practical lithium batteries
journal, February 2020


Conductive metal–organic framework with redox metal center as cathode for high rate performance lithium ion battery
journal, July 2019


A Self‐Polymerized Nitro‐Substituted Conjugated Carbonyl Compound as High‐Performance Cathode for Lithium‐Organic Batteries
journal, January 2020


Quasi-Solid-State Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries with a Calix[4]quinone Cathode and Gel Polymer Electrolyte
journal, July 2013

  • Huang, Weiwei; Zhu, Zhiqiang; Wang, Lijiang
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 52, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201302586

A novel polyquinone cathode material for rechargeable lithium batteries
journal, July 2013


Organic-Catholyte-Containing Flexible Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, August 2015

  • Park, Minjoon; Shin, Dong-Seon; Ryu, Jaechan
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201502329

Two-dimensional porous transition metal organic framework materials with strongly anchoring ability as lithium-sulfur cathode
journal, March 2020


30 Years of Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, June 2018


A solid future for battery development
journal, September 2016


Function-oriented design of conjugated carbonyl compound electrodes for high energy lithium batteries
journal, January 2013

  • Liang, Yanliang; Zhang, Peng; Chen, Jun
  • Chemical Science, Vol. 4, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3sc22093a

Low-Temperature Fluorination of Soft-Templated Mesoporous Carbons for a High-Power Lithium/Carbon Fluoride Battery
journal, October 2011

  • Fulvio, Pasquale F.; Brown, Suree S.; Adcock, Jamie
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm2012395

Cathode Characteristics of Organic Electron Acceptors for Lithium Batteries
journal, January 1984

  • Tobishima, Shin‐ichi; Yamaki, Jun‐ichi; Yamaji, Akihiko
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 131, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2115542

Carbon composite spun fibers with in situ formed multicomponent nanoparticles for a lithium-ion battery anode with enhanced performance
journal, January 2016

  • Lyu, Hailong; Liu, Jiurong; Qiu, Song
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6TA02083F

Sulfur-rich polymeric materials with semi-interpenetrating network structure as a novel lithium–sulfur cathode
journal, January 2014

  • Sun, Zhenjie; Xiao, Min; Wang, Shuanjin
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 2, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1039/c4ta00779d

Highly reliable quinone-based cathodes and cellulose nanofiber separators: toward eco-friendly organic lithium batteries
journal, June 2020


Insights into the Enhanced Cycle and Rate Performances of the F‐Substituted P2‐Type Oxide Cathodes for Sodium‐Ion Batteries
journal, March 2020

  • Liu, Kai; Tan, Susheng; Moon, Jisue
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.202000135

Nanosize Effect on High-Rate Li-Ion Intercalation in LiCoO 2 Electrode
journal, June 2007

  • Okubo, Masashi; Hosono, Eiji; Kim, Jedeok
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 129, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja0681927

Mesoporous Carbon Materials: Synthesis and Modification
journal, May 2008

  • Liang, Chengdu; Li, Zuojiang; Dai, Sheng
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 47, Issue 20, p. 3696-3717
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200702046

The rechargeable revolution: A better battery
journal, March 2014


Nanostructured Antimony/carbon Composite Fibers as Anode Material for Lithium-ion Battery
journal, January 2015


A Lithium‐Organic Primary Battery
journal, December 2019


High-Rate LiFePO 4 Lithium Rechargeable Battery Promoted by Electrochemically Active Polymers
journal, December 2008

  • Huang, Yun-Hui; Goodenough, John B.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 20, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm8012304

A Class of Organopolysulfides As Liquid Cathode Materials for High-Energy-Density Lithium Batteries
journal, June 2018

  • Bhargav, Amruth; Bell, Michaela Elaine; Karty, Jonathan
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 10, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.8b06803

Polyphenylene Tetrasulfide as an Inherently Flexible Cathode Material for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
journal, October 2018

  • Bhargav, Amruth; Bell, Michaela Elaine; Cui, Yi
  • ACS Applied Energy Materials, Vol. 1, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.8b01350

Organic batteries: reversible n- and p- type electrochemical doping of polyacetylene, (CH) x
journal, January 1981

  • MacInnes, David; Druy, Mark A.; Nigrey, Paul J.
  • Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/c39810000317

A Dual−Ion Battery Cathode via Oxidative Insertion of Anions in a Metal–Organic Framework
journal, October 2015

  • Aubrey, Michael L.; Long, Jeffrey R.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b08022

Cost‐Effective Biomass Carbon/Calix[4]Quinone Composites for Lithium Ion Batteries
journal, October 2019

  • Huang, Weiwei; Zhang, Meng; Cui, Huamin
  • Chemistry – An Asian Journal, Vol. 14, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1002/asia.201901344

Mechanistic understanding of the Sulfurized-Poly(acrylonitrile) cathode for lithium-sulfur batteries
journal, April 2020

  • Weret, Misganaw Adigo; Jeffrey Kuo, Chung-Feng; Zeleke, Tamene Simachew
  • Energy Storage Materials, Vol. 26
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ensm.2019.11.022

Universal quinone electrodes for long cycle life aqueous rechargeable batteries
journal, June 2017

  • Liang, Yanliang; Jing, Yan; Gheytani, Saman
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 16, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4919

Toward a High-Performance All-Plastic Full Battery with a'Single Organic Polymer as Both Cathode and Anode
journal, April 2018

  • Xie, Jian; Wang, Zilong; Xu, Zhichuan J.
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201703509

Positioning Organic Electrode Materials in the Battery Landscape
journal, September 2018


Fe(CN)6−4-doped polypyrrole: a high-capacity and high-rate cathode material for sodium-ion batteries
journal, January 2012

  • Zhou, Min; Zhu, Limin; Cao, Yuliang
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 2, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2ra20666h

Energetics of Defects on Graphene through Fluorination
journal, February 2014


Synergistic Effects of Mixing Sulfone and Ionic Liquid as Safe Electrolytes for Lithium Sulfur Batteries
journal, November 2014


Characterization of PEDOT-Quinone conducting redox polymers in water-in-salt electrolytes for safe and high-energy Li-ion batteries
journal, August 2019


High-Energy and High-Power Nonaqueous Lithium-Ion Capacitors Based on Polypyrrole/Carbon Nanotube Composites as Pseudocapacitive Cathodes
journal, April 2019

  • Han, Cuiping; Shi, Ruiying; Zhou, Dong
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 11, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.9b02781

Two‐Dimensional (2D) Covalent Organic Framework as Efficient Cathode for Binder‐free Lithium‐Ion Battery
journal, December 2019


Perylene-Based All-Organic Redox Battery with Excellent Cycling Stability
journal, August 2016

  • Iordache, Adriana; Delhorbe, Virginie; Bardet, Michel
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b07591

Surface controlled pseudo-capacitive reactions enabling ultra-fast charging and long-life organic lithium ion batteries
journal, January 2020

  • Amin, Kamran; Zhang, Jianqi; Zhou, Hang-Yu
  • Sustainable Energy & Fuels, Vol. 4, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/D0SE00610F

Organic electrode materials with solid-state battery technology
journal, January 2019

  • Heiska, Juho; Nisula, Mikko; Karppinen, Maarit
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 32
  • DOI: 10.1039/C9TA04328D

An All-Organic Non-aqueous Lithium-Ion Redox Flow Battery
journal, June 2012

  • Brushett, Fikile R.; Vaughey, John T.; Jansen, Andrew N.
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 11, p. 1390-1396
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201200322

High-Potential Reversible Li Deintercalation in a Substituted Tetrahydroxy-p-benzoquinone Dilithium Salt: An Experimental and Theoretical Study
journal, June 2012

  • Barrès, Anne-Lise; Geng , Joaquin; Bonnard, Gaëtan
  • Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 18, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201103820

MATERIALS SCIENCE: Toward Flexible Batteries
journal, February 2008