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Title: Experimentally-validated correlation analysis reveals new anaerobic methane oxidation partnerships with consortium-level heterogeneity in diazotrophy

Abstract

Abstract Archaeal anaerobic methanotrophs (“ANME”) and sulfate-reducing Deltaproteobacteria (“SRB”) form symbiotic multicellular consortia capable of anaerobic methane oxidation (AOM), and in so doing modulate methane flux from marine sediments. The specificity with which ANME associate with particular SRB partners in situ, however, is poorly understood. To characterize partnership specificity in ANME-SRB consortia, we applied the correlation inference technique SparCC to 310 16S rRNA amplicon libraries prepared from Costa Rica seep sediment samples, uncovering a strong positive correlation between ANME-2b and members of a clade of Deltaproteobacteria we termed SEEP-SRB1g. We confirmed this association by examining 16S rRNA diversity in individual ANME-SRB consortia sorted using flow cytometry and by imaging ANME-SRB consortia with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) microscopy using newly-designed probes targeting the SEEP-SRB1g clade. Analysis of genome bins belonging to SEEP-SRB1g revealed the presence of a complete nifHDK operon required for diazotrophy, unusual in published genomes of ANME-associated SRB. Active expression of nifH in SEEP-SRB1g within ANME-2b—SEEP-SRB1g consortia was then demonstrated by microscopy using hybridization chain reaction (HCR-) FISH targeting nifH transcripts and diazotrophic activity was documented by FISH-nanoSIMS experiments. NanoSIMS analysis of ANME-2b—SEEP-SRB1g consortia incubated with a headspace containing CH 4 and 15 N 2 revealed differences inmore » cellular 15 N-enrichment between the two partners that varied between individual consortia, with SEEP-SRB1g cells enriched in 15 N relative to ANME-2b in one consortium and the opposite pattern observed in others, indicating both ANME-2b and SEEP-SRB1g are capable of nitrogen fixation, but with consortium-specific variation in whether the archaea or bacterial partner is the dominant diazotroph.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1675016
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
The ISME Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The ISME Journal Journal Volume: 15 Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1751-7362
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Metcalfe, Kyle S., Murali, Ranjani, Mullin, Sean W., Connon, Stephanie A., and Orphan, Victoria J.. Experimentally-validated correlation analysis reveals new anaerobic methane oxidation partnerships with consortium-level heterogeneity in diazotrophy. United Kingdom: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41396-020-00757-1.
Metcalfe, Kyle S., Murali, Ranjani, Mullin, Sean W., Connon, Stephanie A., & Orphan, Victoria J.. Experimentally-validated correlation analysis reveals new anaerobic methane oxidation partnerships with consortium-level heterogeneity in diazotrophy. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41396-020-00757-1
Metcalfe, Kyle S., Murali, Ranjani, Mullin, Sean W., Connon, Stephanie A., and Orphan, Victoria J.. Thu . "Experimentally-validated correlation analysis reveals new anaerobic methane oxidation partnerships with consortium-level heterogeneity in diazotrophy". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41396-020-00757-1.
@article{osti_1675016,
title = {Experimentally-validated correlation analysis reveals new anaerobic methane oxidation partnerships with consortium-level heterogeneity in diazotrophy},
author = {Metcalfe, Kyle S. and Murali, Ranjani and Mullin, Sean W. and Connon, Stephanie A. and Orphan, Victoria J.},
abstractNote = {Abstract Archaeal anaerobic methanotrophs (“ANME”) and sulfate-reducing Deltaproteobacteria (“SRB”) form symbiotic multicellular consortia capable of anaerobic methane oxidation (AOM), and in so doing modulate methane flux from marine sediments. The specificity with which ANME associate with particular SRB partners in situ, however, is poorly understood. To characterize partnership specificity in ANME-SRB consortia, we applied the correlation inference technique SparCC to 310 16S rRNA amplicon libraries prepared from Costa Rica seep sediment samples, uncovering a strong positive correlation between ANME-2b and members of a clade of Deltaproteobacteria we termed SEEP-SRB1g. We confirmed this association by examining 16S rRNA diversity in individual ANME-SRB consortia sorted using flow cytometry and by imaging ANME-SRB consortia with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) microscopy using newly-designed probes targeting the SEEP-SRB1g clade. Analysis of genome bins belonging to SEEP-SRB1g revealed the presence of a complete nifHDK operon required for diazotrophy, unusual in published genomes of ANME-associated SRB. Active expression of nifH in SEEP-SRB1g within ANME-2b—SEEP-SRB1g consortia was then demonstrated by microscopy using hybridization chain reaction (HCR-) FISH targeting nifH transcripts and diazotrophic activity was documented by FISH-nanoSIMS experiments. NanoSIMS analysis of ANME-2b—SEEP-SRB1g consortia incubated with a headspace containing CH 4 and 15 N 2 revealed differences in cellular 15 N-enrichment between the two partners that varied between individual consortia, with SEEP-SRB1g cells enriched in 15 N relative to ANME-2b in one consortium and the opposite pattern observed in others, indicating both ANME-2b and SEEP-SRB1g are capable of nitrogen fixation, but with consortium-specific variation in whether the archaea or bacterial partner is the dominant diazotroph.},
doi = {10.1038/s41396-020-00757-1},
journal = {The ISME Journal},
number = 2,
volume = 15,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2020},
month = {10}
}

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