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Title: Femtosecond electronic structure response to high intensity XFEL pulses probed by iron X-ray emission spectroscopy

Abstract

We report the time-resolved femtosecond evolution of the K-shell X-ray emission spectra of iron during high intensity illumination of X-rays in a micron-sized focused hard X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) beam. Detailed pulse length dependent measurements revealed that rapid spectral energy shift and broadening started within the first 10 fs of the X-ray illumination at intensity levels between 1017 and 1018 W cm-2. We attribute these spectral changes to the rapid evolution of high-density photoelectron mediated secondary collisional ionization processes upon the absorption of the incident XFEL radiation. These fast electronic processes, occurring at timescales well within the typical XFEL pulse durations (i.e., tens of fs), set the boundary conditions of the pulse intensity and sample parameters where the widely-accepted ‘probe-before-destroy’ measurement strategy can be adopted for electronic-structure related XFEL experiments.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [1];  [6];  [7];  [1];  [1] more »;  [1] « less
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC), Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. Rennes (France)
  3. Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)
  4. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
  5. European XFEL, Schenefeld (Germany)
  6. ShanghaiTech University (China)
  7. Beijing Normal University (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Scientific User Facilities Division
Contributing Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA-94025, USA. Univ Rennes, CNRS, IPR (Institut de Physique de Rennes) - UMR 6251, F-35000 Rennes. France. SwissFEL, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen, Switzerland Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestraße 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany. European XFEL, Holzkoppel 4, 22869 Schenefeld, Germany High Pressure for Science & Technology Advanced Research, Shanghai 201203, China Department of Physics and Applied Optics Beijing Area Major Laboratory, Center for Advanced Quantum Studies, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
OSTI Identifier:
1671331
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1769046
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS; XES; XFEL

Citation Formats

Alonso-Mori, Roberto, Sokaras, Dimosthenis, Cammarata, Marco, Ding, Yuantao, Feng, Yiping, Fritz, David, Gaffney, Kelly J., Hastings, Jerome, Kao, Chi-Chang, Lemke, Henrik T., Maxwell, Timothy, Robert, Aymeric, Schropp, Andreas, Seiboth, Frank, Sikorski, Marcin, Song, Sanghoon, Weng, Tsu-Chien, Zhang, Wenkai, Glenzer, Siegfried, Bergmann, Uwe, and Zhu, Diling. Femtosecond electronic structure response to high intensity XFEL pulses probed by iron X-ray emission spectroscopy. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-74003-1.
Alonso-Mori, Roberto, Sokaras, Dimosthenis, Cammarata, Marco, Ding, Yuantao, Feng, Yiping, Fritz, David, Gaffney, Kelly J., Hastings, Jerome, Kao, Chi-Chang, Lemke, Henrik T., Maxwell, Timothy, Robert, Aymeric, Schropp, Andreas, Seiboth, Frank, Sikorski, Marcin, Song, Sanghoon, Weng, Tsu-Chien, Zhang, Wenkai, Glenzer, Siegfried, Bergmann, Uwe, & Zhu, Diling. Femtosecond electronic structure response to high intensity XFEL pulses probed by iron X-ray emission spectroscopy. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-74003-1
Alonso-Mori, Roberto, Sokaras, Dimosthenis, Cammarata, Marco, Ding, Yuantao, Feng, Yiping, Fritz, David, Gaffney, Kelly J., Hastings, Jerome, Kao, Chi-Chang, Lemke, Henrik T., Maxwell, Timothy, Robert, Aymeric, Schropp, Andreas, Seiboth, Frank, Sikorski, Marcin, Song, Sanghoon, Weng, Tsu-Chien, Zhang, Wenkai, Glenzer, Siegfried, Bergmann, Uwe, and Zhu, Diling. Thu . "Femtosecond electronic structure response to high intensity XFEL pulses probed by iron X-ray emission spectroscopy". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-74003-1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1671331.
@article{osti_1671331,
title = {Femtosecond electronic structure response to high intensity XFEL pulses probed by iron X-ray emission spectroscopy},
author = {Alonso-Mori, Roberto and Sokaras, Dimosthenis and Cammarata, Marco and Ding, Yuantao and Feng, Yiping and Fritz, David and Gaffney, Kelly J. and Hastings, Jerome and Kao, Chi-Chang and Lemke, Henrik T. and Maxwell, Timothy and Robert, Aymeric and Schropp, Andreas and Seiboth, Frank and Sikorski, Marcin and Song, Sanghoon and Weng, Tsu-Chien and Zhang, Wenkai and Glenzer, Siegfried and Bergmann, Uwe and Zhu, Diling},
abstractNote = {We report the time-resolved femtosecond evolution of the K-shell X-ray emission spectra of iron during high intensity illumination of X-rays in a micron-sized focused hard X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) beam. Detailed pulse length dependent measurements revealed that rapid spectral energy shift and broadening started within the first 10 fs of the X-ray illumination at intensity levels between 1017 and 1018 W cm-2. We attribute these spectral changes to the rapid evolution of high-density photoelectron mediated secondary collisional ionization processes upon the absorption of the incident XFEL radiation. These fast electronic processes, occurring at timescales well within the typical XFEL pulse durations (i.e., tens of fs), set the boundary conditions of the pulse intensity and sample parameters where the widely-accepted ‘probe-before-destroy’ measurement strategy can be adopted for electronic-structure related XFEL experiments.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-020-74003-1},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Fe emission spectra (a) Kα, (b) Kβ1,3, and (c) Kβ2,5 measured with 10 fs X-ray pulses at different intensity levels up to ~ 9 × 1017 W cm− 2. All spectra are normalized to the shot-to-shot measurement of the incoming pulse energy.

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