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Title: Optical matter machines: angular momentum conversion by collective modes in optically bound nanoparticle arrays

Abstract

The creation of optically powered self-assembling nano-to-meso-scale machines that do work is a long-standing goal in photonics. We demonstrate an optical matter (OM) machine that converts the spin angular momentum (SAM) of light into orbital angular momentum (OAM) to do mechanical work. The specific OM machine we study is based on a sixfold symmetric hexagonally ordered nanoparticle array that operates as an OM “gear” that is assembled and made to rotate in a circularly polarized Gaussian beam. The rotational symmetry of the OM gear leads to a selection rule for the allowed scattering modes based on their angular momentum. Electrodynamics calculations show that the collective scattering modes with the largest angular momentum scatter strongly in the transverse direction. Simulations and experiments show that the angular momentum that accompanies the scattered light causes a “negative torque” response on the OM gear and drives a “probe” particle placed outside the OM gear around the gear in an asymmetric force field analogously to Brownian ratchets. The gear–probe OM machine concept can be expanded to applications in nanofluidics and particle sorting.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); US Department of the Navy, Office of Naval Research (ONR)
OSTI Identifier:
1671152
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1774014
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; N00014-16-1-2502
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Optica
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Optica Journal Volume: 7 Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2334-2536
Publisher:
Optical Society of America
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Parker, John, Peterson, Curtis W., Yifat, Yuval, Rice, Stuart A., Yan, Zijie, Gray, Stephen K., and Scherer, Norbert F.. Optical matter machines: angular momentum conversion by collective modes in optically bound nanoparticle arrays. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1364/OPTICA.396147.
Parker, John, Peterson, Curtis W., Yifat, Yuval, Rice, Stuart A., Yan, Zijie, Gray, Stephen K., & Scherer, Norbert F.. Optical matter machines: angular momentum conversion by collective modes in optically bound nanoparticle arrays. United States. https://doi.org/10.1364/OPTICA.396147
Parker, John, Peterson, Curtis W., Yifat, Yuval, Rice, Stuart A., Yan, Zijie, Gray, Stephen K., and Scherer, Norbert F.. Thu . "Optical matter machines: angular momentum conversion by collective modes in optically bound nanoparticle arrays". United States. https://doi.org/10.1364/OPTICA.396147.
@article{osti_1671152,
title = {Optical matter machines: angular momentum conversion by collective modes in optically bound nanoparticle arrays},
author = {Parker, John and Peterson, Curtis W. and Yifat, Yuval and Rice, Stuart A. and Yan, Zijie and Gray, Stephen K. and Scherer, Norbert F.},
abstractNote = {The creation of optically powered self-assembling nano-to-meso-scale machines that do work is a long-standing goal in photonics. We demonstrate an optical matter (OM) machine that converts the spin angular momentum (SAM) of light into orbital angular momentum (OAM) to do mechanical work. The specific OM machine we study is based on a sixfold symmetric hexagonally ordered nanoparticle array that operates as an OM “gear” that is assembled and made to rotate in a circularly polarized Gaussian beam. The rotational symmetry of the OM gear leads to a selection rule for the allowed scattering modes based on their angular momentum. Electrodynamics calculations show that the collective scattering modes with the largest angular momentum scatter strongly in the transverse direction. Simulations and experiments show that the angular momentum that accompanies the scattered light causes a “negative torque” response on the OM gear and drives a “probe” particle placed outside the OM gear around the gear in an asymmetric force field analogously to Brownian ratchets. The gear–probe OM machine concept can be expanded to applications in nanofluidics and particle sorting.},
doi = {10.1364/OPTICA.396147},
journal = {Optica},
number = 10,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
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https://doi.org/10.1364/OPTICA.396147

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