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Title: Residential Natural Gas Demand Response Potential during Extreme Cold Events in Electricity-Gas Coupled Energy Systems

Abstract

In regions where natural gas is used for both power generation and heating buildings, extreme cold weather events can place the electrical system under enormous stress and challenge the ability to meet residential heating and electric demands. Residential demand response has long been used in the power sector to curtail summer electric load, but these types of programs in general have not seen adoption in the natural gas sector during winter months. Natural gas demand response (NG-DR) has garnered interest given recent extreme cold weather events in the United States; however, the magnitude of savings and potential impacts—to occupants and energy markets—are not well understood. We present a case-study analysis of the technical potential for residential natural gas demand response in the northeast United States that utilizes diverse whole-building energy simulations and high-performance computing. Our results show that NG-DR applied to residential heating systems during extreme cold-weather conditions could reduce natural gas demand by 1–29% based on conservative and aggressive strategies, respectively. This indicates a potential to improve the resilience of gas and electric systems during stressful events, which we examine by estimating the impact on energy costs and electricity generation from natural gas. We also explore relationships between hourlymore » indoor temperatures, demand response, and building envelope efficiency.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
OSTI Identifier:
1670499
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308.
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Energies (Basel)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Energies (Basel) Journal Volume: 13 Journal Issue: 19; Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher:
MDPI AG
Country of Publication:
Switzerland
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Speake, Andrew, Donohoo-Vallett, Paul, Wilson, Eric, Chen, Emily, and Christensen, Craig. Residential Natural Gas Demand Response Potential during Extreme Cold Events in Electricity-Gas Coupled Energy Systems. Switzerland: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.3390/en13195192.
Speake, Andrew, Donohoo-Vallett, Paul, Wilson, Eric, Chen, Emily, & Christensen, Craig. Residential Natural Gas Demand Response Potential during Extreme Cold Events in Electricity-Gas Coupled Energy Systems. Switzerland. doi:10.3390/en13195192.
Speake, Andrew, Donohoo-Vallett, Paul, Wilson, Eric, Chen, Emily, and Christensen, Craig. Mon . "Residential Natural Gas Demand Response Potential during Extreme Cold Events in Electricity-Gas Coupled Energy Systems". Switzerland. doi:10.3390/en13195192.
@article{osti_1670499,
title = {Residential Natural Gas Demand Response Potential during Extreme Cold Events in Electricity-Gas Coupled Energy Systems},
author = {Speake, Andrew and Donohoo-Vallett, Paul and Wilson, Eric and Chen, Emily and Christensen, Craig},
abstractNote = {In regions where natural gas is used for both power generation and heating buildings, extreme cold weather events can place the electrical system under enormous stress and challenge the ability to meet residential heating and electric demands. Residential demand response has long been used in the power sector to curtail summer electric load, but these types of programs in general have not seen adoption in the natural gas sector during winter months. Natural gas demand response (NG-DR) has garnered interest given recent extreme cold weather events in the United States; however, the magnitude of savings and potential impacts—to occupants and energy markets—are not well understood. We present a case-study analysis of the technical potential for residential natural gas demand response in the northeast United States that utilizes diverse whole-building energy simulations and high-performance computing. Our results show that NG-DR applied to residential heating systems during extreme cold-weather conditions could reduce natural gas demand by 1–29% based on conservative and aggressive strategies, respectively. This indicates a potential to improve the resilience of gas and electric systems during stressful events, which we examine by estimating the impact on energy costs and electricity generation from natural gas. We also explore relationships between hourly indoor temperatures, demand response, and building envelope efficiency.},
doi = {10.3390/en13195192},
journal = {Energies (Basel)},
number = 19,
volume = 13,
place = {Switzerland},
year = {2020},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.3390/en13195192

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Works referenced in this record:

Influence of extreme weather and climate change on the resilience of power systems: Impacts and possible mitigation strategies
journal, October 2015


Heating energy use management in residential buildings by temperature control
journal, February 1985


Thermostat strategies impact on energy consumption in residential buildings
journal, February 2011