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Title: Possibility of 14C cluster as a building block of medium-mass nuclei

Abstract

The possibility of the 14C cluster being a basic building block of medium-mass nuclei is discussed. Although α cluster structures have been widely discussed in the light N ≈ Z mass region, the neutron-to-proton ratio deviates from unity in the nuclei near β-stability line and in neutron-rich nuclei. Thus, more neutron-rich objects with N > Z could become the building blocks of cluster structures in such nuclei. The 14C nucleus is strongly bound and can be regarded as such a candidate. In addition, the path to the lowest shell-model configuration at short relative distances is closed for the 14C+ 14C structure, contrary to the case of the 12C+ 12C structure; this allows an appreciable separation distance between the 14C clusters. The recent development of the antisymmetrized quasicluster model (AQCM) allows us to utilize a j j-coupling shell-model wave function for each cluster in a simplified way. The AQCM results for the 14C+ 14C structure in 28Mg are compared with the ones of cranked relativistic mean field (CRMF) calculations. Although theoretical frameworks of these two models are quite different, they give similar results for the nucleonic densities and rotational properties of the structure under investigation. The existence of a linear chainmore » three-14C cluster structure in 42Ar has also been predicted in AQCM. Furthermore, these results confirm the role of the 14C cluster as a possible building block of cluster structures in medium-mass nuclei.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Kyoto University (Japan)
  2. Kyoto University (Japan); Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS (United States)
  3. Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP)
OSTI Identifier:
1669902
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1604492
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0013037
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 101; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; Cluster models; Nucleon distribution; Rare & new isotopes; 20 ≤ A ≤ 38; 6 ≤ A ≤ 19

Citation Formats

Itagaki, N., Afanasjev, A. V., and Ray, D. Possibility of 14C cluster as a building block of medium-mass nuclei. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevc.101.034304.
Itagaki, N., Afanasjev, A. V., & Ray, D. Possibility of 14C cluster as a building block of medium-mass nuclei. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevc.101.034304
Itagaki, N., Afanasjev, A. V., and Ray, D. Thu . "Possibility of 14C cluster as a building block of medium-mass nuclei". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevc.101.034304. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1669902.
@article{osti_1669902,
title = {Possibility of 14C cluster as a building block of medium-mass nuclei},
author = {Itagaki, N. and Afanasjev, A. V. and Ray, D.},
abstractNote = {The possibility of the 14C cluster being a basic building block of medium-mass nuclei is discussed. Although α cluster structures have been widely discussed in the light N ≈ Z mass region, the neutron-to-proton ratio deviates from unity in the nuclei near β-stability line and in neutron-rich nuclei. Thus, more neutron-rich objects with N > Z could become the building blocks of cluster structures in such nuclei. The 14C nucleus is strongly bound and can be regarded as such a candidate. In addition, the path to the lowest shell-model configuration at short relative distances is closed for the 14C+ 14C structure, contrary to the case of the 12C+ 12C structure; this allows an appreciable separation distance between the 14C clusters. The recent development of the antisymmetrized quasicluster model (AQCM) allows us to utilize a j j-coupling shell-model wave function for each cluster in a simplified way. The AQCM results for the 14C+ 14C structure in 28Mg are compared with the ones of cranked relativistic mean field (CRMF) calculations. Although theoretical frameworks of these two models are quite different, they give similar results for the nucleonic densities and rotational properties of the structure under investigation. The existence of a linear chain three-14C cluster structure in 42Ar has also been predicted in AQCM. Furthermore, these results confirm the role of the 14C cluster as a possible building block of cluster structures in medium-mass nuclei.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevc.101.034304},
journal = {Physical Review C},
number = 3,
volume = 101,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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