skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on August 3, 2021

Title: Generation of reactive species in water film dielectric barrier discharges sustained in argon, helium, air, oxygen and nitrogen

Abstract

Activation of liquids with atmospheric pressure plasmas is being investigated for environmental and biomedical applications. When activating the liquid using gas plasma produced species (as opposed to plasmas sustained in the liquid), a rate limiting step is transport of these species into the liquid. To first order, the efficiency of activating the liquid is improved by increasing the ratio of the surface area of the water in contact with the plasma compared to its volume—often called the surface-to-volume ratio (SVR). Maximizing the SVR then motivates the plasma treatment of thin films of liquids. In this paper, results are discussed from a computational investigation using a global model of atmospheric pressure plasma treatment of thin water films by a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) sustained in different gases (Ar, He, air, N2, O2). The densities of reactive species in the plasma activated water (PAW) are evaluated. The residence time of the water in contact with the plasma is increased by recirculating the PAW in plasma reactor. Longer lived species such as H2O2aq and NO3-aq accumulate over time (aq denotes an aqueous species). DBDs sustained in Ar and He are the most efficient at producing H2O2aq, DBDs sustained in argon produces the largestmore » density of NO3-aq with the lowest pH, and discharges sustained in O2 and air produce the highest densities of O3aq. Finally, comparisons to experiments by others show agreement in the trends in densities in PAW including O3aq, OHaq, H2O2aq and NO3-aq, and highlight the importance of controlling desolvation of species from the activated water.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  2. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1667406
Report Number(s):
SAND-2020-8822J
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3727; 690151
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; SC000319; SC0020232; PHY-1902878
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. D, Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 53; Journal Issue: 43; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3727
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Mohades, Soheila, Lietz, Amanda M., and Kushner, Mark J. Generation of reactive species in water film dielectric barrier discharges sustained in argon, helium, air, oxygen and nitrogen. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1088/1361-6463/aba21a.
Mohades, Soheila, Lietz, Amanda M., & Kushner, Mark J. Generation of reactive species in water film dielectric barrier discharges sustained in argon, helium, air, oxygen and nitrogen. United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6463/aba21a.
Mohades, Soheila, Lietz, Amanda M., and Kushner, Mark J. Mon . "Generation of reactive species in water film dielectric barrier discharges sustained in argon, helium, air, oxygen and nitrogen". United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6463/aba21a.
@article{osti_1667406,
title = {Generation of reactive species in water film dielectric barrier discharges sustained in argon, helium, air, oxygen and nitrogen},
author = {Mohades, Soheila and Lietz, Amanda M. and Kushner, Mark J.},
abstractNote = {Activation of liquids with atmospheric pressure plasmas is being investigated for environmental and biomedical applications. When activating the liquid using gas plasma produced species (as opposed to plasmas sustained in the liquid), a rate limiting step is transport of these species into the liquid. To first order, the efficiency of activating the liquid is improved by increasing the ratio of the surface area of the water in contact with the plasma compared to its volume—often called the surface-to-volume ratio (SVR). Maximizing the SVR then motivates the plasma treatment of thin films of liquids. In this paper, results are discussed from a computational investigation using a global model of atmospheric pressure plasma treatment of thin water films by a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) sustained in different gases (Ar, He, air, N2, O2). The densities of reactive species in the plasma activated water (PAW) are evaluated. The residence time of the water in contact with the plasma is increased by recirculating the PAW in plasma reactor. Longer lived species such as H2O2aq and NO3-aq accumulate over time (aq denotes an aqueous species). DBDs sustained in Ar and He are the most efficient at producing H2O2aq, DBDs sustained in argon produces the largest density of NO3-aq with the lowest pH, and discharges sustained in O2 and air produce the highest densities of O3aq. Finally, comparisons to experiments by others show agreement in the trends in densities in PAW including O3aq, OHaq, H2O2aq and NO3-aq, and highlight the importance of controlling desolvation of species from the activated water.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-6463/aba21a},
journal = {Journal of Physics. D, Applied Physics},
number = 43,
volume = 53,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on August 3, 2021
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Non-equilibrium plasma in liquid water: dynamics of generation and quenching
journal, April 2011


Characteristics of Pulsed Arc Electrohydraulic Discharge for Eccentric Electrode Cylindrical Reactor using Phosphate-Buffered Saline Water
journal, October 2006

  • Yamatake, Atsushi; Angeloni, Danielle M.; Dickson, Sarah E.
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 45, Issue 10B
  • DOI: 10.1143/JJAP.45.8298

Formation of H 2 and H 2 O 2 in a Water-Spray Gliding Arc Nonthermal Plasma Reactor
journal, July 2010

  • Burlica, R.; Shih, K. -Y.; Locke, B. R.
  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 49, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1021/ie100038g

Fast imaging of intermittent electrospraying of water with positive corona discharge
journal, July 2014


Selective killing of ovarian cancer cells through induction of apoptosis by nonequilibrium atmospheric pressure plasma
journal, March 2012

  • Iseki, Sachiko; Nakamura, Kae; Hayashi, Moemi
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 100, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3694928

Quantification of Hydroxyl Radicals Produced in Aqueous Phase Pulsed Electrical Discharge Reactors
journal, August 2006

  • Sahni, Mayank; Locke, Bruce R.
  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 45, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1021/ie0601504

Long-term antibacterial efficacy of air plasma-activated water
journal, November 2011

  • Traylor, Matthew J.; Pavlovich, Matthew J.; Karim, Sharmin
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 44, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/44/47/472001

Suspended Activated Carbon Particles and Ozone Formation in Aqueous-Phase Pulsed Corona Discharge Reactors
journal, October 2003

  • Grymonpré, David R.; Finney, Wright C.; Clark, Ronald J.
  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 42, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1021/ie020330n

Plasma generation inside externally supplied Ar bubbles in water
journal, March 2008

  • Aoki, Hironori; Kitano, Katsuhisa; Hamaguchi, Satoshi
  • Plasma Sources Science and Technology, Vol. 17, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0963-0252/17/2/025006

Decomposition of Organic Compounds in Water by Direct Contact of Gas Corona Discharge:  Influence of Discharge Conditions
journal, November 2002

  • Sano, Noriaki; Kawashima, Toru; Fujikawa, Junya
  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 41, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1021/ie0203328

Water Purification by Plasmas: Which Reactors are Most Energy Efficient?
journal, November 2009


Plasma-based water purification: Challenges and prospects for the future
journal, May 2017


Degradation of gaseous dioxin-like compounds with dielectric barrier discharges
journal, October 2010


Pulsed Electrical Discharges in Water: Can Non-volatile Compounds Diffuse into the Plasma Channel?
journal, April 2014

  • Franclemont, Joshua; Thagard, Selma Mededovic
  • Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing, Vol. 34, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11090-014-9550-4

Analysis of Mechanisms at the Plasma–Liquid Interface in a Gas–Liquid Discharge Reactor Used for Treatment of Polluted Water
journal, June 2009

  • Ognier, S.; Iya-sou, D.; Fourmond, C.
  • Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing, Vol. 29, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11090-009-9179-x

Theoretical study of column of discharge with liquid non-metallic (tap water) electrodes in air at atmospheric pressure
journal, July 2002


Measurement of reactive species generated by dielectric barrier discharge in direct contact with water in different atmospheres
journal, March 2017

  • Kovačević, Vesna V.; Dojčinović, Biljana P.; Jović, Milica
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 50, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/aa5fde

Removal of phenol and chlorophenols from water by new ozone generator
journal, July 2007


Comparison of two methods for removal of arsenic from potable water
journal, September 2008


Decolorization of reactive textile dyes using water falling film dielectric barrier discharge
journal, August 2011

  • Dojčinović, Biljana P.; Roglić, Goran M.; Obradović, Bratislav M.
  • Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 192, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.05.086

A dual-use of DBD plasma for simultaneous NOx and SO2 removal from coal-combustion flue gas
journal, January 2011

  • Obradović, Bratislav M.; Sretenović, Goran B.; Kuraica, Milorad M.
  • Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 185, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.10.043

Plasma assisted degradation of phenol solutions
journal, September 2008


Ozone correlates with antibacterial effects from indirect air dielectric barrier discharge treatment of water
journal, March 2013

  • Pavlovich, Matthew J.; Chang, Hung-Wen; Sakiyama, Yukinori
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 46, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/46/14/145202

Air plasma treatment of liquid covered tissue: long timescale chemistry
journal, September 2016


Comparison of atmospheric-pressure helium and argon plasmas generated by capacitively coupled radio-frequency discharge
journal, September 2006

  • Li, Shou-Zhe; Lim, Jin-Pyo; Kang, Jung G.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 13, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2355428

Non-Thermal Plasma in Contact with Water: The Origin of Species
journal, February 2016

  • Gorbanev, Yury; O'Connell, Deborah; Chechik, Victor
  • Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 22, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201503771

Modeling and applications of silent discharge plasmas
journal, April 1991

  • Eliasson, B.; Kogelschatz, U.
  • IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 19, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/27.106829

Compilation of Henry's law constants (version 4.0) for water as solvent
journal, January 2015