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Title: Near-Zero Power MOF-Based Sensors for NO2 Detection

Abstract

Detection and capture of toxic nitrogen oxides (NOx) is important for emissions control of exhaust gases and general public health. The ability to directly electrically detect trace (0.5–5 ppm) NO2 by a metal–organic framework (MOF)-74-based sensor at relatively low temperatures (50 °C) is demonstrated via changes in electrical properties of M-MOF-74, M = Co, Mg, Ni. The magnitude of the change is ordered Ni > Co > Mg and explained by each variant's NO2 adsorption capacity and specific chemical interaction. Ni-MOF-74 provides the highest sensitivity to NO2; a 725× decrease in resistance at 5 ppm NO2 and detection limit <0.5 ppm, levels relevant for industry and public health. Furthermore, the Ni-MOF-74-based sensor is selective to NO2 over N2, SO2, and air. Linking this fundamental research with future technologies, the high impedance of MOF-74 enables applications requiring a near-zero power sensor or dosimeter, with the active material drawing <15 pW for a macroscale device 35 mm2 with 0.8 mg MOF-74. Finally, this represents a 104–106× decrease in power consumption compared to other MOF sensors and demonstrates the potential for MOFs as active components for long-lived, near-zero power chemical sensors in smart industrial systems and the internet of things.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1667400
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1804206
Report Number(s):
SAND-2020-8671J
Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X; 690069
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 30; Journal Issue: 50; Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; impedance spectroscopy; metal-organic framework; nanoporous; near-zero power; NO2

Citation Formats

Small, Leo J., Henkelis, Susan E., Rademacher, David X., Schindelholz, Mara E., Krumhansl, James L., Vogel, Dayton J., and Nenoff, Tina M.. Near-Zero Power MOF-Based Sensors for NO2 Detection. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.202006598.
Small, Leo J., Henkelis, Susan E., Rademacher, David X., Schindelholz, Mara E., Krumhansl, James L., Vogel, Dayton J., & Nenoff, Tina M.. Near-Zero Power MOF-Based Sensors for NO2 Detection. United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.202006598
Small, Leo J., Henkelis, Susan E., Rademacher, David X., Schindelholz, Mara E., Krumhansl, James L., Vogel, Dayton J., and Nenoff, Tina M.. Sun . "Near-Zero Power MOF-Based Sensors for NO2 Detection". United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.202006598. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1667400.
@article{osti_1667400,
title = {Near-Zero Power MOF-Based Sensors for NO2 Detection},
author = {Small, Leo J. and Henkelis, Susan E. and Rademacher, David X. and Schindelholz, Mara E. and Krumhansl, James L. and Vogel, Dayton J. and Nenoff, Tina M.},
abstractNote = {Detection and capture of toxic nitrogen oxides (NOx) is important for emissions control of exhaust gases and general public health. The ability to directly electrically detect trace (0.5–5 ppm) NO2 by a metal–organic framework (MOF)-74-based sensor at relatively low temperatures (50 °C) is demonstrated via changes in electrical properties of M-MOF-74, M = Co, Mg, Ni. The magnitude of the change is ordered Ni > Co > Mg and explained by each variant's NO2 adsorption capacity and specific chemical interaction. Ni-MOF-74 provides the highest sensitivity to NO2; a 725× decrease in resistance at 5 ppm NO2 and detection limit <0.5 ppm, levels relevant for industry and public health. Furthermore, the Ni-MOF-74-based sensor is selective to NO2 over N2, SO2, and air. Linking this fundamental research with future technologies, the high impedance of MOF-74 enables applications requiring a near-zero power sensor or dosimeter, with the active material drawing <15 pW for a macroscale device 35 mm2 with 0.8 mg MOF-74. Finally, this represents a 104–106× decrease in power consumption compared to other MOF sensors and demonstrates the potential for MOFs as active components for long-lived, near-zero power chemical sensors in smart industrial systems and the internet of things.},
doi = {10.1002/adfm.202006598},
journal = {Advanced Functional Materials},
number = 50,
volume = 30,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {9}
}

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