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Title: Use of Thermistor Temperature Sensors for Cyber-Physical System Security

Abstract

The last few decades have seen a large proliferation in the prevalence of cyber-physical systems. This has been especially highlighted by the explosive growth in the number of Internet of Things (IoT) devices. Unfortunately, the increasing prevalence of these devices has begun to draw the attention of malicious entities which exploit them for their own gain. What makes these devices especially attractive is the various resource constraints present in these devices that make it difficult to add standard security features. Therefore, one intriguing research direction is creating security solutions out of already present components such as sensors. Physically Unclonable Functions (PUFs) are one potential solution that use intrinsic variations of the device manufacturing process for provisioning security. In this work, we propose a novel weak PUF design using thermistor temperature sensors. Our design uses the differences in resistance variation between thermistors in response to temperature change. To generate a PUF that is reliable across a range of temperatures, we use a response-generation algorithm that helps mitigate the effects of temperature variation on the thermistors. We tested the performance of our proposed design across a range of environmental operating conditions. From this we were able to evaluate the reliability of themore » proposed PUF with respect to variations in temperature and humidity. We also evaluated the PUF’s uniqueness using Monte Carlo simulations.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Cyber and Applied Data Analytics Division
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Computational Sciences and Engineering Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1659635
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Sensors
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 19; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 1424-8220
Publisher:
MDPI AG
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
cyber-physical systems; Internet of Things (IoT); physically unclonable function (PUF); security; sensor PUF; thermistor

Citation Formats

Labrado, Carson, Thapliyal, Himanshu, Prowell, Stacy, and Kuruganti, Teja. Use of Thermistor Temperature Sensors for Cyber-Physical System Security. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19183905.
Labrado, Carson, Thapliyal, Himanshu, Prowell, Stacy, & Kuruganti, Teja. Use of Thermistor Temperature Sensors for Cyber-Physical System Security. United States. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19183905
Labrado, Carson, Thapliyal, Himanshu, Prowell, Stacy, and Kuruganti, Teja. Tue . "Use of Thermistor Temperature Sensors for Cyber-Physical System Security". United States. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19183905. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1659635.
@article{osti_1659635,
title = {Use of Thermistor Temperature Sensors for Cyber-Physical System Security},
author = {Labrado, Carson and Thapliyal, Himanshu and Prowell, Stacy and Kuruganti, Teja},
abstractNote = {The last few decades have seen a large proliferation in the prevalence of cyber-physical systems. This has been especially highlighted by the explosive growth in the number of Internet of Things (IoT) devices. Unfortunately, the increasing prevalence of these devices has begun to draw the attention of malicious entities which exploit them for their own gain. What makes these devices especially attractive is the various resource constraints present in these devices that make it difficult to add standard security features. Therefore, one intriguing research direction is creating security solutions out of already present components such as sensors. Physically Unclonable Functions (PUFs) are one potential solution that use intrinsic variations of the device manufacturing process for provisioning security. In this work, we propose a novel weak PUF design using thermistor temperature sensors. Our design uses the differences in resistance variation between thermistors in response to temperature change. To generate a PUF that is reliable across a range of temperatures, we use a response-generation algorithm that helps mitigate the effects of temperature variation on the thermistors. We tested the performance of our proposed design across a range of environmental operating conditions. From this we were able to evaluate the reliability of the proposed PUF with respect to variations in temperature and humidity. We also evaluated the PUF’s uniqueness using Monte Carlo simulations.},
doi = {10.3390/s19183905},
journal = {Sensors},
number = 18,
volume = 19,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

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