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Title: In Operando XANES Imaging of High Capacity Intermetallic Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries

Abstract

In operando 2D X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) imaging was performed near the Cu K-edge during cycling of Cu6Sn5 composite anodes for lithium ion batteries. Galvanostatic lithiation and delithiation with intermittent constant voltage holds near reaction plateaus show evolution of absorption spectra for active material particles. XANES spectra obtained from images taken during cycling were compared to standard spectra for Cu, Cu6Sn5, and Li2CuSn. Chemical composition was assessed for Cu-containing phases. Distinct Cu, Cu6Sn5, and Li2CuSn regions were identified for each voltage plateau. Mechanical degradation, electrode particle fracture and expansion were observed during delithiation. Furthermore, movement of particles during cycling suggests that expansion also impacts the supporting secondary phases and the transport networks therein. These results demonstrate that spectroscopic X-ray imaging methods can clearly distinguish chemically distinct phases in alloy electrodes and have the versatility to observe the evolution of these phases during lithiation and delithiation.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Alabama, Huntsville, AL (United States)
  2. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1658615
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; CBET-1438683; CBET-1438431/1759651; CBET-1454437
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of the Electrochemical Society (Online); Journal Volume: 167; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1945-7111
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; High capacity electrodes; In operando X-ray imaging; Lithium ion batteries; Tin alloys; X-ray absorption near edge structure

Citation Formats

Gonzalez Malabet, Hernando J., Juarez Robles, Daniel, de Andrade, Vincent, Mukherjee, Partha P., and Nelson, George J. In Operando XANES Imaging of High Capacity Intermetallic Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab78fb.
Gonzalez Malabet, Hernando J., Juarez Robles, Daniel, de Andrade, Vincent, Mukherjee, Partha P., & Nelson, George J. In Operando XANES Imaging of High Capacity Intermetallic Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries. United States. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab78fb
Gonzalez Malabet, Hernando J., Juarez Robles, Daniel, de Andrade, Vincent, Mukherjee, Partha P., and Nelson, George J. Wed . "In Operando XANES Imaging of High Capacity Intermetallic Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries". United States. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab78fb. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1658615.
@article{osti_1658615,
title = {In Operando XANES Imaging of High Capacity Intermetallic Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries},
author = {Gonzalez Malabet, Hernando J. and Juarez Robles, Daniel and de Andrade, Vincent and Mukherjee, Partha P. and Nelson, George J.},
abstractNote = {In operando 2D X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) imaging was performed near the Cu K-edge during cycling of Cu6Sn5 composite anodes for lithium ion batteries. Galvanostatic lithiation and delithiation with intermittent constant voltage holds near reaction plateaus show evolution of absorption spectra for active material particles. XANES spectra obtained from images taken during cycling were compared to standard spectra for Cu, Cu6Sn5, and Li2CuSn. Chemical composition was assessed for Cu-containing phases. Distinct Cu, Cu6Sn5, and Li2CuSn regions were identified for each voltage plateau. Mechanical degradation, electrode particle fracture and expansion were observed during delithiation. Furthermore, movement of particles during cycling suggests that expansion also impacts the supporting secondary phases and the transport networks therein. These results demonstrate that spectroscopic X-ray imaging methods can clearly distinguish chemically distinct phases in alloy electrodes and have the versatility to observe the evolution of these phases during lithiation and delithiation.},
doi = {10.1149/1945-7111/ab78fb},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society (Online)},
number = 4,
volume = 167,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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