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Title: Towards understanding astrophysical effects of nuclear symmetry energy

Abstract

Determining the Equation of State (EOS) of dense neutron-rich nuclear matter is a shared goal of both nuclear physics and astrophysics. Except possible phase transitions, the density dependence of nuclear symmetry Esym(ρ) is the most uncertain part of the EOS of neutron-rich nucleonic matter especially at supra-saturation densities. Much progresses have been made in recent years in predicting the symmetry energy and understanding why it is still very uncertain using various microscopic nuclear many-body theories and phenomenological models. Simultaneously, significant progresses have also been made in probing the symmetry energy in both terrestrial nuclear laboratories and astrophysical observatories. Finally, in light of the GW170817 event as well as ongoing or planned nuclear experiments and astrophysical observations probing the EOS of dense neutron-rich matter, we review recent progresses and identify new challenges to the best knowledge we have on several selected topics critical for understanding astrophysical effects of the nuclear symmetry energy.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Texas A & M Univ., Commerce, TX (United States)
  2. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States)
  3. South China Univ. of Technology, Guangzhou (China)
  4. Shandong Univ., Weihai (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Texas A & M Univ., Commerce, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP); China Postdoctoral Science Foundation; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)
OSTI Identifier:
1658243
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0013702; SC0009971; 2019M652358; 11275073; 11675226; 11722546
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
European Physical Journal. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6001
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Li, Bao-An, Krastev, Plamen G., Wen, De-Hua, and Zhang, Nai-Bo. Towards understanding astrophysical effects of nuclear symmetry energy. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1140/epja/i2019-12780-8.
Li, Bao-An, Krastev, Plamen G., Wen, De-Hua, & Zhang, Nai-Bo. Towards understanding astrophysical effects of nuclear symmetry energy. United States. https://doi.org/10.1140/epja/i2019-12780-8
Li, Bao-An, Krastev, Plamen G., Wen, De-Hua, and Zhang, Nai-Bo. Thu . "Towards understanding astrophysical effects of nuclear symmetry energy". United States. https://doi.org/10.1140/epja/i2019-12780-8. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1658243.
@article{osti_1658243,
title = {Towards understanding astrophysical effects of nuclear symmetry energy},
author = {Li, Bao-An and Krastev, Plamen G. and Wen, De-Hua and Zhang, Nai-Bo},
abstractNote = {Determining the Equation of State (EOS) of dense neutron-rich nuclear matter is a shared goal of both nuclear physics and astrophysics. Except possible phase transitions, the density dependence of nuclear symmetry Esym(ρ) is the most uncertain part of the EOS of neutron-rich nucleonic matter especially at supra-saturation densities. Much progresses have been made in recent years in predicting the symmetry energy and understanding why it is still very uncertain using various microscopic nuclear many-body theories and phenomenological models. Simultaneously, significant progresses have also been made in probing the symmetry energy in both terrestrial nuclear laboratories and astrophysical observatories. Finally, in light of the GW170817 event as well as ongoing or planned nuclear experiments and astrophysical observations probing the EOS of dense neutron-rich matter, we review recent progresses and identify new challenges to the best knowledge we have on several selected topics critical for understanding astrophysical effects of the nuclear symmetry energy.},
doi = {10.1140/epja/i2019-12780-8},
journal = {European Physical Journal. A},
number = 7,
volume = 55,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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  • Hinderer, Tanja
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 677, Issue 2
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Fundamental oscillation modes of neutron stars: Validity of universal relations
journal, February 2015


Half-Skyrmions, tensor forces, and symmetry energy in cold dense matter
journal, February 2011


Imprints of the nuclear symmetry energy on gravitational waves from the axial w -modes of neutron stars
journal, August 2009


Short-Range Force Detection Using Optically Cooled Levitated Microspheres
journal, August 2010


Skyrme interaction and nuclear matter constraints
journal, March 2012


The Discovery of Rapid X-Ray Oscillations in the Tail of the SGR 1806-20 Hyperflare
journal, June 2005

  • Israel, G. L.; Belloni, T.; Stella, L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 628, Issue 1
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GW170817: Constraining the nuclear matter equation of state from the neutron star tidal deformability
journal, September 2018


Symmetry energy systematics and its high density behavior
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Constraints on the symmetry energy using the mass-radius relation of neutron stars
journal, February 2014


Constraining the Nuclear Equation of State at Subsaturation Densities
journal, August 2012


Symmetry Energy of Dilute Warm Nuclear Matter
journal, May 2010


Strength of the ρ meson coupling to nucleons
journal, September 1994


First Search for Gravitational Waves from Known Pulsars with Advanced LIGO
journal, April 2017


Relativistic stars in Randall-Sundrum gravity
journal, May 2002


A Survey of the Parameter Space of the Compressible Liquid drop Model as Applied to the Neutron star Inner Crust
journal, December 2012

  • Newton, W. G.; Gearheart, M.; Li, Bao-An
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 204, Issue 1
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How tightly is the nuclear symmetry energy constrained by a unitary Fermi gas?
journal, November 2017


Isospin-dependent properties of asymmetric nuclear matter in relativistic mean field models
journal, November 2007


[CLC][ITAL]r[/ITAL][/CLC]-Mode Runaway and Rapidly Rotating Neutron Stars
journal, May 2000

  • Andersson, Nils; Jones, David Ian; Kokkotas, Kostas D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 534, Issue 1
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Nuclear Constraints on Properties of Neutron star Crusts
journal, May 2009


Multi-messenger Observations of a Binary Neutron Star Merger
journal, October 2017


Isospin Physics in Heavy-Ion Collisions at Intermediate Energies
journal, April 1998

  • Li, Bao-An; Ko, Che Ming; Bauer, Wolfgang
  • International Journal of Modern Physics E, Vol. 07, Issue 02
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Extracting equation of state parameters from black hole-neutron star mergers: Nonspinning black holes
journal, February 2012


Causal representations of neutron-star equations of state
journal, June 2018


Higher-order symmetry energy of nuclear matter and the inner edge of neutron star crusts
journal, February 2014


Are Neutron Stars with Crystalline Color-Superconducting Cores Relevant for the LIGO Experiment?
journal, December 2007


Symmetry energy of nucleonic matter with tensor correlations
journal, February 2015


Equations of state for supernovae and compact stars
journal, March 2017


Gravitational wave asteroseismology reexamined
journal, December 2004


GW170817: Measurements of Neutron Star Radii and Equation of State
journal, October 2018


Nonradial oscillations of neutron stars
journal, February 1988

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Short Range Correlations and the EMC Effect
journal, February 2011


Neutron Star Structure and the Neutron Radius of P 208 b
journal, June 2001


Analytical relations between nuclear symmetry energy and single-nucleon potentials in isospin asymmetric nuclear matter
journal, August 2011


Survey of Excited State Neutron Spectroscopic Factors for Z = 8 28 Nuclei
journal, February 2009


Circumstantial Evidence for a Soft Nuclear Symmetry Energy at Suprasaturation Densities
journal, February 2009


Nuclear fourth-order symmetry energy and its effects on neutron star properties in the relativistic Hartree-Fock theory
journal, February 2018


An increased estimate of the merger rate of double neutron stars from observations of a highly relativistic system
journal, December 2003


The Theoretical Background of the Fifth Force
journal, August 1991


A unified equation of state of dense matter and neutron star structure
journal, December 2001


Electric dipole polarizability in Pb 208 as a probe of the symmetry energy and neutron matter around ρ 0 / 3
journal, September 2015


Evidence against the existence of a low mass scalar boson from neutron-nucleus scattering
journal, July 1975


Nuclear symmetry energy and the role of the tensor force
journal, December 2011


In-medium short-range dynamics of nucleons: Recent theoretical and experimental advances
journal, August 2015


Tidal deformabilities and neutron star mergers
journal, September 2018


Nuclear matter fourth-order symmetry energy in the relativistic mean field models
journal, February 2012


On the Relevance of the r ‐Mode Instability for Accreting Neutron Stars and White Dwarfs
journal, May 1999

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Nuclear Symmetry Energy Probed by Neutron Skin Thickness of Nuclei
journal, March 2009


Single-nucleon potential decomposition of the nuclear symmetry energy
journal, February 2012


On Massive Neutron Cores
journal, February 1939


Probing the Equation of State of Nuclear Matter via Neutron Star Asteroseismology
journal, May 2012


Symmetry Energy and the Isotopic Spin Dependence of the Single-Particle Potential in Nuclear Matter
journal, May 1964


Thomas-Fermi approach to nuclear mass formula
journal, August 1987


Bound on the speed of sound from holography
journal, September 2009


Stars in the braneworld
journal, November 2001


Constraining parity violation in gravity with measurements of neutron-star moments of inertia
journal, March 2010


Generalized nuclear contacts and momentum distributions
journal, November 2015


Transport properties of dense matter. II
journal, June 1979

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  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 230
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Inner edge of neutron-star crust with SLy effective nucleon-nucleon interactions
journal, July 2000


Topical issue on nuclear symmetry energy
journal, February 2014


Viscous Boundary-Layer Damping of [CLC][ITAL]r[/ITAL][/CLC]-Modes in Neutron Stars
journal, January 2000

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  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 529, Issue 1
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Properties of the Binary Black Hole Merger GW150914
journal, June 2016


A new class of g-modes in neutron stars
journal, August 1992

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Determination of the Equation of State of Dense Matter
journal, October 2002


Nuclear symmetry energy and structure of dense matter in neutron stars
journal, December 1994


Isospin splitting of the nucleon mean field
journal, July 2005


Constraints on the Skyrme Equations of State from Properties of Doubly Magic Nuclei
journal, December 2013


Impact of Fock terms on the isospin properties of nuclear matter
journal, January 2016


Probing the symmetry energy with heavy ions
journal, April 2009

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  • Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, Vol. 62, Issue 2
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The equation of state of hot, dense matter and neutron stars
journal, March 2016


The Moment of Inertia of the Binary Pulsar J0737-3039A: Constraining the Nuclear Equation of State
journal, November 2004

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  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 617, Issue 2
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Supersoft Symmetry Energy Encountering Non-Newtonian Gravity in Neutron Stars
journal, November 2009


Slowly Rotating Relativistic Stars. I. Equations of Structure
journal, December 1967

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The Dense Matter Equation of State from Neutron star Radius and mass Measurements
journal, March 2016


Upper Limits Set by Causality on the Rotation and Mass of Uniformly Rotating Relativistic Stars
journal, October 1997

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  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 488, Issue 2
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Phenomenology, astrophysics, and cosmology of theories with submillimeter dimensions and TeV scale quantum gravity
journal, March 1999


Elliptic flow and the Symmetry Energy at Supra-Saturation Density
journal, June 2012


Direct Observation of Proton-Neutron Short-Range Correlation Dominance in Heavy Nuclei
journal, May 2019


Extrapolation of the phenomenological nuclear equation of state to high densities
journal, September 1980


Torsion balance experiments: A low-energy frontier of particle physics
journal, January 2009

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  • Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, Vol. 62, Issue 1
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Accurate numerical simulations of inspiralling binary neutron stars and their comparison with effective-one-body analytical models
journal, July 2011


A Skyrme parametrization from subnuclear to neutron star densities Part II. Nuclei far from stabilities
journal, May 1998


Saturation of Nuclear Matter and Radii of Unstable Nuclei
journal, April 2003

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Critical examination of constraints on the equation of state of dense matter obtained from GW170817
journal, October 2018


Constraints on the nuclear equation of state and the neutron star structure from crustal torsional oscillations
journal, July 2018

  • Sotani, Hajime; Iida, Kei; Oyamatsu, Kazuhiro
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 479, Issue 4
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Isospin diffusion in heavy-ion collisions and the neutron skin thickness of lead
journal, October 2005


Tidal deformability with sharp phase transitions in binary neutron stars
journal, April 2019


Symmetry energy of warm nuclear systems
journal, February 2014


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Universal behavior of a compact star based upon the gravitational binding energy
    journal, December 2019