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Title: Review of technologies for preventing secondary transport of soluble and particulate radiological contamination from roadways, roadside vegetation, and adjacent soils

Abstract

Transport of contaminants from roadways to the environment is well known, although studies of technologies for preventing and managing this appear infrequently in the literature. This paper reviews technologies studied for radiological contaminants. In addition to nuclear facility decommissioning, nuclear power plant accidents at Chernobyl (Former Soviet Union), Fukushima (Japan) and elsewhere have provided real world situations to both develop and test technologies to remediate radiological contamination and to return roadways, along with adjacent vegetation and soil, to prior use. From publications arising from these efforts, technologies were reviewed for radioactive material with two distinct properties (water-soluble and insoluble radioactive contaminants). The reported characteristics and capabilities of technologies are summarized in this review. This review also presents logistical considerations of implementation of the technologies, including waste management which can be an extreme impediment to rapid remediation if generated quantities of hazardous waste exceed local handling capacity. The summarized literature review suggests future avenues of work, chiefly for insoluble particulates, focused on technologies which may be mechanistically applicable to their remediation. While the underlying chemical and physical mechanisms that contribute to transport differ among contaminants, the studies reviewed here might also be applicable to non-radioactive contaminants, because the presence of radioactivitymore » is largely independent of the underlying mechanisms.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USEPA
OSTI Identifier:
1657870
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1660511
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-806569
Journal ID: ISSN 2666-7657; S266676572030003X; 100003; PII: S266676572030003X
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; DW-89-92426601
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Environmental Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Environmental Advances Journal Volume: 1 Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 2666-7657
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
Country unknown/Code not available
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; radioactive waste processing and disposal; chemistry - radiation chemistry; radiochemistry; and nuclear chemistry; health and safety; chemistry - isotopes and radiation sources; environmental sciences; nuclear science and engineering - nuclear fuel cycle and materials; roads; street cleaning; street sweeping; radioactivity; vegetation; soils

Citation Formats

Saito, Hiroshi, Sutton, Mark, Zhao, Pihong, Lee, Sang Don, and Magnuson, Matthew. Review of technologies for preventing secondary transport of soluble and particulate radiological contamination from roadways, roadside vegetation, and adjacent soils. Country unknown/Code not available: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envadv.2020.100003.
Saito, Hiroshi, Sutton, Mark, Zhao, Pihong, Lee, Sang Don, & Magnuson, Matthew. Review of technologies for preventing secondary transport of soluble and particulate radiological contamination from roadways, roadside vegetation, and adjacent soils. Country unknown/Code not available. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envadv.2020.100003
Saito, Hiroshi, Sutton, Mark, Zhao, Pihong, Lee, Sang Don, and Magnuson, Matthew. Tue . "Review of technologies for preventing secondary transport of soluble and particulate radiological contamination from roadways, roadside vegetation, and adjacent soils". Country unknown/Code not available. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envadv.2020.100003.
@article{osti_1657870,
title = {Review of technologies for preventing secondary transport of soluble and particulate radiological contamination from roadways, roadside vegetation, and adjacent soils},
author = {Saito, Hiroshi and Sutton, Mark and Zhao, Pihong and Lee, Sang Don and Magnuson, Matthew},
abstractNote = {Transport of contaminants from roadways to the environment is well known, although studies of technologies for preventing and managing this appear infrequently in the literature. This paper reviews technologies studied for radiological contaminants. In addition to nuclear facility decommissioning, nuclear power plant accidents at Chernobyl (Former Soviet Union), Fukushima (Japan) and elsewhere have provided real world situations to both develop and test technologies to remediate radiological contamination and to return roadways, along with adjacent vegetation and soil, to prior use. From publications arising from these efforts, technologies were reviewed for radioactive material with two distinct properties (water-soluble and insoluble radioactive contaminants). The reported characteristics and capabilities of technologies are summarized in this review. This review also presents logistical considerations of implementation of the technologies, including waste management which can be an extreme impediment to rapid remediation if generated quantities of hazardous waste exceed local handling capacity. The summarized literature review suggests future avenues of work, chiefly for insoluble particulates, focused on technologies which may be mechanistically applicable to their remediation. While the underlying chemical and physical mechanisms that contribute to transport differ among contaminants, the studies reviewed here might also be applicable to non-radioactive contaminants, because the presence of radioactivity is largely independent of the underlying mechanisms.},
doi = {10.1016/j.envadv.2020.100003},
journal = {Environmental Advances},
number = C,
volume = 1,
place = {Country unknown/Code not available},
year = {2020},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envadv.2020.100003

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