skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Impact of high refractive coating material on the nodular-induced electric field enhancement for near infrared multilayer mirrors

Abstract

Electric field enhancement due to nodular defects within quarter-wave optical thickness multilayer mirrors is impacted by the inclusion diameter, inclusion depth, inclusion composition, nodular shape, multilayer angular bandwidth, multilayer coating materials, number of layers, angle of incidence, and polarization. In this study, the electric field enhancement for surface inclusions with diameters up to 2 µm irradiated at 1064 nm at either normal or 45 deg incidence is calculated for high refractive index materials over a refractive index range of 1.7–2.3 for oxide materials commonly used in the near infrared. The thicknesses of the multilayer mirror thin films are determined for each high refractive index material by a requirement to meet a 99.5% reflection. The refractive index was found to have a significant impact on the electric field enhancement, which may offer some insight into the optimal material choice to produce high laser damage threshold mirrors.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1650422
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1607576
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-789737
Journal ID: ISSN 1559-128X; 987904
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Optics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 59; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1559-128X
Publisher:
Optical Society of America
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Stolz, Christopher J., and Feigenbaum, Eyal. Impact of high refractive coating material on the nodular-induced electric field enhancement for near infrared multilayer mirrors. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1364/ao.59.000a20.
Stolz, Christopher J., & Feigenbaum, Eyal. Impact of high refractive coating material on the nodular-induced electric field enhancement for near infrared multilayer mirrors. United States. https://doi.org/10.1364/ao.59.000a20
Stolz, Christopher J., and Feigenbaum, Eyal. Mon . "Impact of high refractive coating material on the nodular-induced electric field enhancement for near infrared multilayer mirrors". United States. https://doi.org/10.1364/ao.59.000a20. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1650422.
@article{osti_1650422,
title = {Impact of high refractive coating material on the nodular-induced electric field enhancement for near infrared multilayer mirrors},
author = {Stolz, Christopher J. and Feigenbaum, Eyal},
abstractNote = {Electric field enhancement due to nodular defects within quarter-wave optical thickness multilayer mirrors is impacted by the inclusion diameter, inclusion depth, inclusion composition, nodular shape, multilayer angular bandwidth, multilayer coating materials, number of layers, angle of incidence, and polarization. In this study, the electric field enhancement for surface inclusions with diameters up to 2 µm irradiated at 1064 nm at either normal or 45 deg incidence is calculated for high refractive index materials over a refractive index range of 1.7–2.3 for oxide materials commonly used in the near infrared. The thicknesses of the multilayer mirror thin films are determined for each high refractive index material by a requirement to meet a 99.5% reflection. The refractive index was found to have a significant impact on the electric field enhancement, which may offer some insight into the optimal material choice to produce high laser damage threshold mirrors.},
doi = {10.1364/ao.59.000a20},
journal = {Applied Optics},
number = 5,
volume = 59,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Light intensification modeling of coating inclusions irradiated at 351 and 1053 nm
journal, December 2007

  • Stolz, Christopher J.; Hafeman, Scott; Pistor, Thomas V.
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 47, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1364/AO.47.00C162

Historical perspective on fifteen years of laser damage thresholds at LLNL
conference, July 1994

  • Rainer, Frank; De Marco, Frank P.; Staggs, Michael C.
  • Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1993, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.180882

In-situ atomic-force microscopy of laser-conditioned and laser-damaged HfO2/SiO2 dielectric mirror coatings
conference, July 1992

  • Staggs, Michael C.; Balooch, Mehdi; Kozlowski, Mark R.
  • Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1991, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.60129

Oxide coatings for one micrometer laser fusion systems
journal, March 1981


Optical properties and damage thresholds of dielectric UV/VUV coatings deposited by conventional evaporation, IAD, and IBS
conference, July 1992

  • Kolbe, Jurgen; Kessler, H.; Hofmann, T.
  • Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1991, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.60120

Ten-year summary of the Boulder Damage Symposium annual thin film laser damage competition
journal, December 2018


Physical insight toward electric field enhancement at nodular defects in optical coatings
journal, January 2015

  • Cheng, Xinbin; Tuniyazi, Abudusalamu; Wei, Zeyong
  • Optics Express, Vol. 23, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.23.008609

Laser conditioning characterization and damage threshold prediction of hafnia/silica multilayer mirrors by photothermal microscopy
conference, April 2001

  • Papandrew, A. B.; Stolz, Christopher J.; Wu, Zhouling
  • Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2000, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.425049

The effect of an electric field on the thermomechanical damage of nodular defects in dielectric multilayer coatings irradiated by nanosecond laser pulses
journal, June 2013

  • Cheng, Xinbin; Zhang, Jinlong; Ding, Tao
  • Light: Science & Applications, Vol. 2, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/lsa.2013.36

Modeling Of Nodular Defects In Thin Films For Various Deposition Techniques.
conference, February 1988

  • Smith, Douglas J.
  • 31st Annual Technical Symposium, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.941849

Geometrical characteristics and damage morphology of nodules grown from artificial seeds in multilayer coating
journal, January 2010

  • Shan, Yongguang; He, Hongbo; Wei, Chaoyang
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1364/AO.49.004290

Damage thresholds and optical stabilities of fluoride HR coatings for 193 nm
conference, July 1994

  • Izawa, Takao; Yamamura, N.; Uchimura, R.
  • Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1993, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.180929

New approach for the critical size of nodular defects: the mechanical connection
conference, April 1999

  • Poulingue, Marc; Dijon, Jean; Ignat, Michel
  • Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.344397

Resonance increase of high-power laser field with nodule defects in multilayer optical coatings: theory and simulation
conference, May 1998

  • Gruzdev, Vitali E.; Gruzdeva, Anastasia S.
  • Optoelectronics and High-Power Lasers & Applications, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.308354

Thermomechanical model of mirror laser damage at 1.06 μm: I. Nodule ejection
conference, April 1999

  • Dijon, Jean; Poulingue, Marc; Hue, Jean
  • Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.344394

Modeling of electric-field enhancement at nodular defects in dielectric mirror coatings
conference, June 1993

  • DeFord, J. F.; Kozlowski, Mark R.
  • Optical Materials for High Power Lasers, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.147414

Characterization of defect geometries in multilayer optical coatings
conference, July 1994

  • Tench, Robert J.; Chow, Robert; Kozlowski, Mark R.
  • Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1993, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.180921

Nodular defect growth in thin films
journal, March 1992

  • Brett, M. J.; Tait, R. N.; Dew, S. K.
  • Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00701096

LIDT of HfO 2 /SiO 2 HR films by different test modes at 1064nm and 532nm
conference, November 2010

  • Ma, Bin; Ding, Tao; Jiao, Hongfei
  • Laser Damage Symposium XLII: Annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High Power Lasers, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.867226

Comparison of nodular defect seed geometries from different deposition techniques
conference, May 1996

  • Stolz, Christopher J.; Tench, Robert J.; Kozlowski, Mark R.
  • Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1995, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.240402

Contribution of angle-dependent light penetration to electric-field enhancement at nodules in optical coatings
journal, January 2017

  • Cheng, Xinbin; He, Tao; Zhang, Jinlong
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.42.002086

Influence of defect shape on laser-induced damage in multilayer coatings
conference, November 1994

  • Kozlowski, Mark R.; Tench, Robert J.; Chow, Robert
  • 1994 International Symposium on Optical Interference Coatings, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.192151

Generation of defects with diamond and silica particles inside high-reflection coatings: influence on the laser damage threshold
conference, September 1999

  • Poulingue, Marc; DiJon, Jean; Rafin, B.
  • Optical Systems Design and Production, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.360096

Nodular defects in dielectric multilayers and thick single layers
journal, January 1981


Effect of silica overlayers on laser damage of HfO 2 -SiO 2 56 degrees incidence high reflectors
conference, May 1996

  • Walton, Christopher C.; Genin, Francois Y.; Chow, Robert
  • Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1995, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.240406

Effects of Surface And Thin-Film Anomalies On Miniature Infrared Filters
conference, December 1980

  • Murphy, John K.
  • 24th Annual Technical Symposium, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.959358

Femtosecond laser damage resistance of oxide and mixture oxide optical coatings
journal, January 2012

  • Mangote, Benoit; Gallais, Laurent; Commandré, Mireille
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 37, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.37.001478

Understanding of the abnormal wavelength effect of overcoats
conference, June 1991

  • Wu, Zhouling; Reichling, Michael; Fan, Zhengxiu
  • Boulder - DL tentative, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.57209

Further investigation of the characteristics of nodular defects
journal, January 2010

  • Liu, Xiaofeng; Li, Dawei; Zhao, Yuan'an
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1364/AO.49.001774

Laser damage study of nodules in electron-beam-evaporated HfO_2/SiO_2 high reflectors
journal, January 2011

  • Cheng, Xinbin; Shen, Zhengxiang; Jiao, Hongfei
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 50, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1364/AO.50.00C357

Nanosecond laser-induced damage of high-reflection coatings: NUV through NIR
conference, December 2016

  • Wang, Zhanshan; Ma, Hongping; Cheng, Xinbin
  • SPIE Laser Damage, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2244567

Laser intensification by spherical inclusions embedded within multilayer coatings
journal, January 2006

  • Stolz, Christopher J.; Feit, Michael D.; Pistor, Thomas V.
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 45, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1364/AO.45.001594

Surface morphology of As-deposited and laser-damaged dielectric mirror coatings studied in-situ by atomic force microscopy
conference, February 1992

  • Kozlowski, Mark R.; Staggs, Michael C.; Balooch, Mehdi
  • San Diego, '91, San Diego, CA, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.134889

Electric-field enhancement by nodular defects in multilayer coatings irradiated at normal and 45° incidence
conference, June 2004

  • Stolz, Christopher J.; Genin, Francois Y.; Pistor, Thomas V.
  • XXXV Annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High Power Lasers: Boulder Damage Symposium, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.523453

Nanosecond laser-induced damage of nodular defects in dielectric multilayer mirrors [Invited]
journal, November 2013

  • Cheng, Xinbin; Tuniyazi, Abudusalamu; Zhang, Jinlong
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 53, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1364/AO.53.000A62

Scandium oxide coatings for high-power UV laser applications
journal, January 1982

  • Rainer, F.; Lowdermilk, W. H.; Milam, D.
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 21, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1364/AO.21.003685

Nodular growth in thick-sputtered metallic coatings
journal, November 1974

  • Spalvins, T.; Brainard, W. A.
  • Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology, Vol. 11, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1116/1.1318706

Thermomechanical analysis of nodule damage in HfO2/SiO2 multilayer coatings [ HfO 2 /SiO 2 多层膜中节瘤缺陷破坏的热力分析]
journal, January 2011

  • Yongguang Shan, 单永光; Hongbo He, 贺洪波; Chaoyang Wei, 魏朝阳
  • Chinese Optics Letters, Vol. 9, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.3788/COL201109.103101

Electric-field intensity enhancement of a series of artificial nodules in a broadband high-reflection coating
journal, December 2016


A Total-Field/Scattered-Field Plane-Wave Source for the FDTD Analysis of Layered Media
journal, January 2008

  • Capoglu, Ilker R.; Smith, Glenn S.
  • IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 56, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2007.913088

Thermal-mechanical modeling of nodular defect embedded within multilayer coatings
journal, March 2009

  • Ling, Xiulan; Shao, Jianda; Fan, Zhengxiu
  • Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, Vol. 27, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1116/1.3065676

Laser damage thresholds of optical coatings
journal, December 2009


Optical coating design with reduced electric field intensity
journal, January 1977


Investigation of the microstructure of coatings for high-power lasers by nonoptical techniques
conference, November 1994

  • Tench, Robert J.; Kozlowski, Mark R.; Chow, Robert
  • 1994 International Symposium on Optical Interference Coatings, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.192138

Failure characterization of nodular defects in multilayer dielectric coatings
conference, July 1995

  • Sawicki, Rick H.; Shang, Clifford C.; Swatloski, T. L.
  • Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1994, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.213718

Gaussian profile laser intensification by nodular defects in mid-infrared high reflectance coatings
journal, October 2007


1.06-μm laser irradiation on high-reflection coatings inside a scanning electron microscope
conference, April 1999

  • Poulingue, Marc; Dijon, Jean; Garrec, Pierre
  • Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1998, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.344401

The effects of particle pollution on the mechanical behaviour of multilayered systems
journal, July 1999


Using engineered defects to study laser-induced damage in optical thin films with nanosecond pulses
conference, November 2011

  • Cheng, Xinbin; Ding, Tao; He, Wenyan
  • XLIII Annual Symposium on Optical Materials for High Power Lasers, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.889262

The influence of micron-sized nodules on the electric-field districution in thin-film polarizers
conference, October 2010

  • Chen, Naibo; Wu, Yonggang; Wang, Zhenhua
  • Seventh International Conference on Thin Film Physics and Applications, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.887565

Theoretical and experimental research on spectral performance and laser induced damage of Brewster's thin film polarizers
journal, May 2011


Correlation of damage threshold and surface geometry of nodular defects on HR coatings as determined by in-situ atomic force microscopy
conference, June 1993

  • Staggs, Michael C.; Kozlowski, Mark R.; Siekhaus, Wigbert J.
  • Optical Materials for High Power Lasers, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.147402

Role of defects in laser damage of multilayer coatings
conference, July 1994

  • Kozlowski, Mark R.; Chow, Robert
  • Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1993, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.180876

Influence of composition and seed dimension on the structure and laser damage of nodular defects in HfO 2 /SiO 2 high reflectors
journal, January 2012