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Title: Cybersecurity challenges in vehicular communications

Abstract

As modern vehicles are capable to connect to an external infrastructure and Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communication technologies mature, the necessity to secure communications becomes apparent. There is a very real risk that today’s vehicles are subjected to cyber-attacks that target vehicular communications. This paper proposes a three-layer framework (sensing, communication and control) through which automotive security threats can be better understood. The sensing layer is made up of vehicle dynamics and environmental sensors, which are vulnerable to eavesdropping, jamming, and spoofing attacks. The communication layer is comprised of both in-vehicle and V2X communications and is susceptible to eavesdropping, spoofing, man-in-the-middle, and sybil attacks. At the top of the hierarchy is the control layer, which enables autonomous vehicular functionality, including the automation of a vehicle’s speed, braking, and steering. Attacks targeting the sensing and communication layers can propagate upward and affect the functionality and can compromise the security of the control layer. This paper provides the state-of-the-art review on attacks and threats relevant to the communication layer and presents countermeasures.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]
  1. Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (United States). School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (SEECS)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1641749
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Vehicular Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 2214-2096
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; Cyber-physical systems; security; vehicle safety; cyber-attacks; vehicle-to-vehicle

Citation Formats

El-Rewini, Zeinab, Sadatsharan, Karthikeyan, Selvaraj, Daisy Flora, Plathottam, Siby Jose, and Ranganathan, Prakash. Cybersecurity challenges in vehicular communications. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vehcom.2019.100214.
El-Rewini, Zeinab, Sadatsharan, Karthikeyan, Selvaraj, Daisy Flora, Plathottam, Siby Jose, & Ranganathan, Prakash. Cybersecurity challenges in vehicular communications. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vehcom.2019.100214
El-Rewini, Zeinab, Sadatsharan, Karthikeyan, Selvaraj, Daisy Flora, Plathottam, Siby Jose, and Ranganathan, Prakash. Tue . "Cybersecurity challenges in vehicular communications". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vehcom.2019.100214. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1641749.
@article{osti_1641749,
title = {Cybersecurity challenges in vehicular communications},
author = {El-Rewini, Zeinab and Sadatsharan, Karthikeyan and Selvaraj, Daisy Flora and Plathottam, Siby Jose and Ranganathan, Prakash},
abstractNote = {As modern vehicles are capable to connect to an external infrastructure and Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communication technologies mature, the necessity to secure communications becomes apparent. There is a very real risk that today’s vehicles are subjected to cyber-attacks that target vehicular communications. This paper proposes a three-layer framework (sensing, communication and control) through which automotive security threats can be better understood. The sensing layer is made up of vehicle dynamics and environmental sensors, which are vulnerable to eavesdropping, jamming, and spoofing attacks. The communication layer is comprised of both in-vehicle and V2X communications and is susceptible to eavesdropping, spoofing, man-in-the-middle, and sybil attacks. At the top of the hierarchy is the control layer, which enables autonomous vehicular functionality, including the automation of a vehicle’s speed, braking, and steering. Attacks targeting the sensing and communication layers can propagate upward and affect the functionality and can compromise the security of the control layer. This paper provides the state-of-the-art review on attacks and threats relevant to the communication layer and presents countermeasures.},
doi = {10.1016/j.vehcom.2019.100214},
journal = {Vehicular Communications},
number = ,
volume = 23,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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