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Title: Rising methane emissions from boreal lakes due to increasing ice-free days

Abstract

Lakes account for about 10% of the boreal landscape and are responsible for approximately 30% of biogenic methane emissions that have been found to increase under changing climate. However, the quantification of this climate-sensitive methane source is fraught with large uncertainty under warming climate conditions. Only a few studies have addressed the mechanism of climate impact on the increase of northern lake methane emissions. This study uses a large observational dataset of lake methane concentrations in Finland to constrain methane emissions with an extant process-based lake biogeochemical model. We found that the total current diffusive emission from Finnish lakes is 0.12±0.03 Tg CH4 yr-1 and will increase by 26-59% by the end of this century depending on different warming scenarios. We discover that while warming lake water and sediment temperature plays an important role, the climate impact on ice-on periods is a key indicator of future emissions. We conclude that these boreal lakes remain a significant methane source under the warming climate within this century.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [4]
  1. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
  2. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States); Purdue Climate Change Research Center, West Lafayette, IN (United States)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Eastern Finland, Kuopio (Finland)
  5. Univ. of Helsinki (Finland)
  6. Finnish Environment Inst., Helsinki (Finland)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1639498
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-152283
Journal ID: ISSN 1748-9326
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Environmental Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 15; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-9326
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Guo, Mingyang, Zhuang, Qianlai, Tan, Zeli, Shurpali, Narasinha, Juutinene, Sari, Kortelainen, Pirkko, and Martikainen, Pertti. Rising methane emissions from boreal lakes due to increasing ice-free days. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab8254.
Guo, Mingyang, Zhuang, Qianlai, Tan, Zeli, Shurpali, Narasinha, Juutinene, Sari, Kortelainen, Pirkko, & Martikainen, Pertti. Rising methane emissions from boreal lakes due to increasing ice-free days. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab8254
Guo, Mingyang, Zhuang, Qianlai, Tan, Zeli, Shurpali, Narasinha, Juutinene, Sari, Kortelainen, Pirkko, and Martikainen, Pertti. Thu . "Rising methane emissions from boreal lakes due to increasing ice-free days". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab8254. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1639498.
@article{osti_1639498,
title = {Rising methane emissions from boreal lakes due to increasing ice-free days},
author = {Guo, Mingyang and Zhuang, Qianlai and Tan, Zeli and Shurpali, Narasinha and Juutinene, Sari and Kortelainen, Pirkko and Martikainen, Pertti},
abstractNote = {Lakes account for about 10% of the boreal landscape and are responsible for approximately 30% of biogenic methane emissions that have been found to increase under changing climate. However, the quantification of this climate-sensitive methane source is fraught with large uncertainty under warming climate conditions. Only a few studies have addressed the mechanism of climate impact on the increase of northern lake methane emissions. This study uses a large observational dataset of lake methane concentrations in Finland to constrain methane emissions with an extant process-based lake biogeochemical model. We found that the total current diffusive emission from Finnish lakes is 0.12±0.03 Tg CH4 yr-1 and will increase by 26-59% by the end of this century depending on different warming scenarios. We discover that while warming lake water and sediment temperature plays an important role, the climate impact on ice-on periods is a key indicator of future emissions. We conclude that these boreal lakes remain a significant methane source under the warming climate within this century.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-9326/ab8254},
journal = {Environmental Research Letters},
number = 6,
volume = 15,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {5}
}

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