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Title: Macroscopically aligned carbon nanotubes for flexible and high-temperature electronics, optoelectronics, and thermoelectrics

Abstract

The remarkable flexibility, stable chemical structure, and extraordinary thermal, electrical, and optical properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are promising for a variety of applications in flexible and/or high-temperature electronics, optoelectronics, and thermoelectrics, including wearables, refractory photonics, and waste heat harvesting. However, the long-standing problem in the preparation of CNT ensembles is to maintain the extraordinary properties of individual CNTs on a macroscopic scale; the polydispersity and randomness remain two main challenges. In this topical review, we will discuss three ways of creating wafer-scale aligned CNTs: direct growth of aligned CNTs by chemical vapor deposition, production of ultrahigh- conductivity CNT fibers through solution spinning and coating, and spontaneous formation of wafer-scale aligned CNT films via controlled vacuum filtration. Here, we will then describe flexible and high-temperature applications of these materials, such as flexible CNT broadband detectors, flexible strain sensors, spectrally selective thermal emitters, and thermoelectric devices.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)
  2. Tokyo Metropolitan Univ. (Japan)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Energy Efficiency Office. Advanced Manufacturing Office; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF); Robert A. Welch Foundation
OSTI Identifier:
1638468
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0007865; FG02-06ER46308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. D, Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 53; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3727
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; Flexible; electronics; optoelectronics; thermoelectrics; high-temperature; aligned carbon nanotubes

Citation Formats

Gao, Weilu, Komatsu, Natsumi, Taylor, Lauren W., Naik, Gururaj V., Yanagi, Kazuhiro, Pasquali, Matteo, and Kono, Junichiro. Macroscopically aligned carbon nanotubes for flexible and high-temperature electronics, optoelectronics, and thermoelectrics. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/ab4ca4.
Gao, Weilu, Komatsu, Natsumi, Taylor, Lauren W., Naik, Gururaj V., Yanagi, Kazuhiro, Pasquali, Matteo, & Kono, Junichiro. Macroscopically aligned carbon nanotubes for flexible and high-temperature electronics, optoelectronics, and thermoelectrics. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/ab4ca4
Gao, Weilu, Komatsu, Natsumi, Taylor, Lauren W., Naik, Gururaj V., Yanagi, Kazuhiro, Pasquali, Matteo, and Kono, Junichiro. Tue . "Macroscopically aligned carbon nanotubes for flexible and high-temperature electronics, optoelectronics, and thermoelectrics". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/ab4ca4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1638468.
@article{osti_1638468,
title = {Macroscopically aligned carbon nanotubes for flexible and high-temperature electronics, optoelectronics, and thermoelectrics},
author = {Gao, Weilu and Komatsu, Natsumi and Taylor, Lauren W. and Naik, Gururaj V. and Yanagi, Kazuhiro and Pasquali, Matteo and Kono, Junichiro},
abstractNote = {The remarkable flexibility, stable chemical structure, and extraordinary thermal, electrical, and optical properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are promising for a variety of applications in flexible and/or high-temperature electronics, optoelectronics, and thermoelectrics, including wearables, refractory photonics, and waste heat harvesting. However, the long-standing problem in the preparation of CNT ensembles is to maintain the extraordinary properties of individual CNTs on a macroscopic scale; the polydispersity and randomness remain two main challenges. In this topical review, we will discuss three ways of creating wafer-scale aligned CNTs: direct growth of aligned CNTs by chemical vapor deposition, production of ultrahigh- conductivity CNT fibers through solution spinning and coating, and spontaneous formation of wafer-scale aligned CNT films via controlled vacuum filtration. Here, we will then describe flexible and high-temperature applications of these materials, such as flexible CNT broadband detectors, flexible strain sensors, spectrally selective thermal emitters, and thermoelectric devices.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-6463/ab4ca4},
journal = {Journal of Physics. D, Applied Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 53,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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