skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: First measurement of electron neutrino scattering cross section on argon

Abstract

We report the first electron neutrino cross section measurements on argon, based on data collected by the ArgoNeuT experiment running in the GeV-scale NuMI beamline at Fermilab. A flux-averaged $$\nu_e + \overline{\nu}_e$$ total and a lepton angle differential cross section are extracted using 13 $$\nu_e$$ and $$\overline{\nu}_e$$ events identified with fully-automated selection and reconstruction. We employ electromagnetic-induced shower characterization and analysis tools developed to identify $$\nu_e/\overline{\nu}_e$$-like events among complex interaction topologies present in ArgoNeuT data ($$\langle E_{\bar{\nu}_e} \rangle = 4.3$$ GeV and $$\langle E_{\nu_e} \rangle = 10.5$$ GeV). The techniques are widely applicable to searches for electron-flavor appearance at short- and long-baseline using liquid argon time projection chamber technology. Notably, the data-driven studies of GeV-scale $$\nu_e/\overline{\nu}_e$$ interactions presented in this Letter probe an energy regime relevant for future DUNE oscillation physics.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Contributing Org.:
ArgoNeuT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1638309
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1617229
Report Number(s):
arXiv:2004.01956; FERMILAB-PUB-20-154-ND
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; 011101
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review D Journal Volume: 102 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Acciarri, R., Adams, C., Asaadi, J., Baller, B., Basque, V., Bolton, T., Bromberg, C., Cavanna, F., Edmunds, D., Fitzpatrick, R. S., Fleming, B., Green, P., James, C., Lang, K., Lepetic, I., Littlejohn, B. R., Luo, X., Mehdiyev, R., Palamara, O., Scanavini, G., Soderberg, M., Spitz, J., Szelc, A. M., Wu, W., Yang, T., and ArgoNeuT Collaboration. First measurement of electron neutrino scattering cross section on argon. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.102.011101.
Acciarri, R., Adams, C., Asaadi, J., Baller, B., Basque, V., Bolton, T., Bromberg, C., Cavanna, F., Edmunds, D., Fitzpatrick, R. S., Fleming, B., Green, P., James, C., Lang, K., Lepetic, I., Littlejohn, B. R., Luo, X., Mehdiyev, R., Palamara, O., Scanavini, G., Soderberg, M., Spitz, J., Szelc, A. M., Wu, W., Yang, T., & ArgoNeuT Collaboration. First measurement of electron neutrino scattering cross section on argon. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.102.011101
Acciarri, R., Adams, C., Asaadi, J., Baller, B., Basque, V., Bolton, T., Bromberg, C., Cavanna, F., Edmunds, D., Fitzpatrick, R. S., Fleming, B., Green, P., James, C., Lang, K., Lepetic, I., Littlejohn, B. R., Luo, X., Mehdiyev, R., Palamara, O., Scanavini, G., Soderberg, M., Spitz, J., Szelc, A. M., Wu, W., Yang, T., and ArgoNeuT Collaboration. Mon . "First measurement of electron neutrino scattering cross section on argon". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.102.011101.
@article{osti_1638309,
title = {First measurement of electron neutrino scattering cross section on argon},
author = {Acciarri, R. and Adams, C. and Asaadi, J. and Baller, B. and Basque, V. and Bolton, T. and Bromberg, C. and Cavanna, F. and Edmunds, D. and Fitzpatrick, R. S. and Fleming, B. and Green, P. and James, C. and Lang, K. and Lepetic, I. and Littlejohn, B. R. and Luo, X. and Mehdiyev, R. and Palamara, O. and Scanavini, G. and Soderberg, M. and Spitz, J. and Szelc, A. M. and Wu, W. and Yang, T. and ArgoNeuT Collaboration},
abstractNote = {We report the first electron neutrino cross section measurements on argon, based on data collected by the ArgoNeuT experiment running in the GeV-scale NuMI beamline at Fermilab. A flux-averaged $\nu_e + \overline{\nu}_e$ total and a lepton angle differential cross section are extracted using 13 $\nu_e$ and $\overline{\nu}_e$ events identified with fully-automated selection and reconstruction. We employ electromagnetic-induced shower characterization and analysis tools developed to identify $\nu_e/\overline{\nu}_e$-like events among complex interaction topologies present in ArgoNeuT data ($\langle E_{\bar{\nu}_e} \rangle = 4.3$ GeV and $\langle E_{\nu_e} \rangle = 10.5$ GeV). The techniques are widely applicable to searches for electron-flavor appearance at short- and long-baseline using liquid argon time projection chamber technology. Notably, the data-driven studies of GeV-scale $\nu_e/\overline{\nu}_e$ interactions presented in this Letter probe an energy regime relevant for future DUNE oscillation physics.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.102.011101},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 1,
volume = 102,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.102.011101

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Search for anomalies in the ν e appearance from a ν μ beam
journal, October 2013


Machine learning at the energy and intensity frontiers of particle physics
journal, August 2018


First measurement of neutrino oscillation parameters using neutrinos and antineutrinos by NOvA
journal, October 2019


First measurement of the cross section for ν μ and ν ¯ μ induced single charged pion production on argon using ArgoNeuT
journal, September 2018


The GENIE neutrino Monte Carlo generator
journal, February 2010

  • Andreopoulos, C.; Bell, A.; Bhattacharya, D.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 614, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2009.12.009

Three-dimensional imaging for large LArTPCs
journal, May 2018


Review of Particle Physics
journal, August 2018


Neutrino flux predictions for the NuMI beam
journal, November 2016


Geant4—a simulation toolkit
journal, July 2003

  • Agostinelli, S.; Allison, J.; Amako, K.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 506, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(03)01368-8

Convolutional neural networks applied to neutrino events in a liquid argon time projection chamber
journal, March 2017


First observation of low energy electron neutrinos in a liquid argon time projection chamber
journal, April 2017


Search for C P Violation in Neutrino and Antineutrino Oscillations by the T2K Experiment with 2.2 × 10 21 Protons on Target
journal, October 2018


Improved Search for Muon-Neutrino to Electron-Neutrino Oscillations in MINOS
journal, October 2011


Physics potentials with the second Hyper-Kamiokande detector in Korea
journal, June 2018

  • Abe, K.; Abe, Ke; Ahn, S. H.
  • Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1093/ptep/pty044

The ArgoNeuT detector in the NuMI low-energy beam line at Fermilab
journal, October 2012