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Title: Transistor-Based Work-Function Measurement of Metal–Organic Frameworks for Ultra-Low-Power, Rationally Designed Chemical Sensors

Abstract

A classic challenge in chemical sensing is selectivity. Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are an exciting class of materials because they can be tuned for selective chemical adsorption. Adsorption events trigger work-function shifts, which can be detected with a chemical-sensitive field-effect transistor (power ≈microwatts). Here, several case studies were used towards generalizing the sensing mechanism, ultimately towards our metal-centric hypothesis. HKUST-1 was used as a proof-of-principle humidity sensor. The response is thickness independent, meaning the response is surface localized. ZIF-8 is demonstrated to be an NO2-sensing material, and the response is dominated by adsorption at metal sites. Finally, MFM-300(In) shows how standard hard–soft acid–base theory can be used to qualitatively predict sensor responses. This paper sets the groundwork for using the tunability of metal–organic frameworks for chemical sensing with distributed, scalable devices.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and Berkeley Sensor & Actuator Center
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Berkeley Sensor & Actuator Center
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences and Berkeley Sensor & Actuator Center
  4. National Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu (Taiwan). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and Berkeley Sensor & Actuator Center
  5. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division
OSTI Identifier:
1638198
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1562127
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemistry - A European Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 57; Journal ID: ISSN 0947-6539
Publisher:
ChemPubSoc Europe
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; adsorption; metal-organic frameworks; electronic structure; sensors; x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Citation Formats

Gardner, David W., Gao, Xiang, Fahad, Hossain M., Yang, An‐Ting, He, Sam, Javey, Ali, Carraro, Carlo, and Maboudian, Roya. Transistor-Based Work-Function Measurement of Metal–Organic Frameworks for Ultra-Low-Power, Rationally Designed Chemical Sensors. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201902483.
Gardner, David W., Gao, Xiang, Fahad, Hossain M., Yang, An‐Ting, He, Sam, Javey, Ali, Carraro, Carlo, & Maboudian, Roya. Transistor-Based Work-Function Measurement of Metal–Organic Frameworks for Ultra-Low-Power, Rationally Designed Chemical Sensors. United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201902483
Gardner, David W., Gao, Xiang, Fahad, Hossain M., Yang, An‐Ting, He, Sam, Javey, Ali, Carraro, Carlo, and Maboudian, Roya. Mon . "Transistor-Based Work-Function Measurement of Metal–Organic Frameworks for Ultra-Low-Power, Rationally Designed Chemical Sensors". United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201902483. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1638198.
@article{osti_1638198,
title = {Transistor-Based Work-Function Measurement of Metal–Organic Frameworks for Ultra-Low-Power, Rationally Designed Chemical Sensors},
author = {Gardner, David W. and Gao, Xiang and Fahad, Hossain M. and Yang, An‐Ting and He, Sam and Javey, Ali and Carraro, Carlo and Maboudian, Roya},
abstractNote = {A classic challenge in chemical sensing is selectivity. Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are an exciting class of materials because they can be tuned for selective chemical adsorption. Adsorption events trigger work-function shifts, which can be detected with a chemical-sensitive field-effect transistor (power ≈microwatts). Here, several case studies were used towards generalizing the sensing mechanism, ultimately towards our metal-centric hypothesis. HKUST-1 was used as a proof-of-principle humidity sensor. The response is thickness independent, meaning the response is surface localized. ZIF-8 is demonstrated to be an NO2-sensing material, and the response is dominated by adsorption at metal sites. Finally, MFM-300(In) shows how standard hard–soft acid–base theory can be used to qualitatively predict sensor responses. This paper sets the groundwork for using the tunability of metal–organic frameworks for chemical sensing with distributed, scalable devices.},
doi = {10.1002/chem.201902483},
journal = {Chemistry - A European Journal},
number = 57,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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