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Title: Evidence of Spin-Orbital Angular Momentum Interactions in Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions

Abstract

The first evidence of spin alignment of vector mesons (K*0 and $$\phi$$) in heavy-ion collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is reported. The spin density matrix element ρ00 is measured at midrapidity (|y|<0.5) in Pb-Pb collisions at a center-of-mass energy (√sNN) of 2.76 TeV with the ALICE detector. ρ_{00} values are found to be less than 1/3 (1/3 implies no spin alignment) at low transverse momentum (pT<2 GeV/c) for K*0 and $$\phi$$ at a level of 3σ and 2σ, respectively. No significant spin alignment is observed for the KS0 meson (spin=0) in Pb-Pb collisions and for the vector mesons in pp collisions. The measured spin alignment is unexpectedly large but qualitatively consistent with the expectation from models which attribute it to a polarization of quarks in the presence of angular momentum in heavy-ion collisions and a subsequent hadronization by the process of recombination.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
ALICE Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1635569
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1650111
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review Letters Journal Volume: 125 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; Nuclear reactions

Citation Formats

Acharya, S., Adamová, D., Adler, A., Adolfsson, J., Aggarwal, M. M., Aglieri Rinella, G., Agnello, M., Agrawal, N., Ahammed, Z., Ahmad, S., Ahn, S. U., Akindinov, A., Al-Turany, M., Alam, S. N., Albuquerque, D. S. D., Aleksandrov, D., Alessandro, B., Alfanda, H. M., Alfaro Molina, R., Ali, B., Ali, Y., Alici, A., Alkin, A., Alme, J., Alt, T., Altenkamper, L., Altsybeev, I., Anaam, M. N., Andrei, C., Andreou, D., Andrews, H. A., Andronic, A., Angeletti, M., Anguelov, V., Anson, C., Antičić, T., Antinori, F., Antonioli, P., Anwar, R., Apadula, N., Aphecetche, L., Appelshäuser, H., Arcelli, S., Arnaldi, R., Arratia, M., Arsene, I. C., Arslandok, M., Augustinus, A., Averbeck, R., Aziz, S., Azmi, M. D., Badalà, A., Baek, Y. W., Bagnasco, S., Bai, X., Bailhache, R., Bala, R., Baldisseri, A., Ball, M., Balouza, S., Barbera, R., Barioglio, L., Barnaföldi, G. G., Barnby, L. S., Barret, V., Bartalini, P., Barth, K., Bartsch, E., Baruffaldi, F., Bastid, N., Basu, S., Batigne, G., Batyunya, B., Bauri, D., Bazo Alba, J. L., Bearden, I. G., Bedda, C., Behera, N. K., Belikov, I., Bell Hechavarria, A. D. C., Bellini, F., Bellwied, R., Belyaev, V., Bencedi, G., Beole, S., Bercuci, A., Berdnikov, Y., Berenyi, D., Bertens, R. A., Berzano, D., Besoiu, M. G., Betev, L., Bhasin, A., Bhat, I. R., Bhat, M. A., Bhatt, H., Bhattacharjee, B., Bianchi, A., Bianchi, L., Bianchi, N., Bielčík, J., Bielčíková, J., Bilandzic, A., Biro, G., Biswas, R., Biswas, S., Blair, J. T., Blau, D., Blume, C., Boca, G., Bock, F., Bogdanov, A., Boi, S., Boldizsár, L., Bolozdynya, A., Bombara, M., Bonomi, G., Borel, H., Borissov, A., Bossi, H., Botta, E., Bratrud, L., Braun-Munzinger, P., Bregant, M., Broz, M., Brucken, E. J., Bruna, E., Bruno, G. E., Buckland, M. D., Budnikov, D., Buesching, H., Bufalino, S., Bugnon, O., Buhler, P., Buncic, P., Buthelezi, Z., Butt, J. B., Buxton, J. T., Bysiak, S. A., Caffarri, D., Caliva, A., Calvo Villar, E., Camacho, R. S., Camerini, P., Capon, A. A., Carnesecchi, F., Caron, R., Castillo Castellanos, J., Castro, A. J., Casula, E. A. R., Catalano, F., Ceballos Sanchez, C., Chakraborty, P., Chandra, S., Chang, W., Chapeland, S., Chartier, M., Chattopadhyay, S., Chattopadhyay, S., Chauvin, A., Cheshkov, C., Cheynis, B., Chibante Barroso, V., Chinellato, D. D., Cho, S., Chochula, P., Chowdhury, T., Christakoglou, P., Christensen, C. H., Christiansen, P., Chujo, T., Cicalo, C., Cifarelli, L., Cindolo, F., Cleymans, J., Colamaria, F., Colella, D., Collu, A., Colocci, M., Concas, M., Conesa Balbastre, G., Conesa del Valle, Z., Contin, G., Contreras, J. G., Cormier, T. M., Corrales Morales, Y., Cortese, P., Cosentino, M. R., Costa, F., Costanza, S., Crochet, P., Cuautle, E., Cui, P., Cunqueiro, L., Dabrowski, D., Dahms, T., Dainese, A., Damas, F. P. A., Danisch, M. C., Danu, A., Das, D., Das, I., Das, P., Das, P., Das, S., Dash, A., Dash, S., De, S., De Caro, A., de Cataldo, G., de Cuveland, J., De Falco, A., De Gruttola, D., De Marco, N., De Pasquale, S., Deb, S., Debjani, B., Degenhardt, H. F., Deja, K. R., Deloff, A., Delsanto, S., Devetak, D., Dhankher, P., Di Bari, D., Di Mauro, A., Diaz, R. A., Dietel, T., Dillenseger, P., Ding, Y., Divià, R., Dixit, D. U., Djuvsland, Ø., Dmitrieva, U., Dobrin, A., Dönigus, B., Dordic, O., Dubey, A. K., Dubla, A., Dudi, S., Dukhishyam, M., Dupieux, P., Ehlers, R. J., Eikeland, V. N., Elia, D., Engel, H., Epple, E., Erazmus, B., Erhardt, F., Erokhin, A., Ersdal, M. R., Espagnon, B., Eulisse, G., Evans, D., Evdokimov, S., Fabbietti, L., Faggin, M., Faivre, J., Fan, F., Fantoni, A., Fasel, M., Fecchio, P., Feliciello, A., Feofilov, G., Fernández Téllez, A., Ferrero, A., Ferretti, A., Festanti, A., Feuillard, V. J. G., Figiel, J., Filchagin, S., Finogeev, D., Fionda, F. 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Acharya, S., Adamová, D., Adler, A., Adolfsson, J., Aggarwal, M. M., Aglieri Rinella, G., Agnello, M., Agrawal, N., Ahammed, Z., Ahmad, S., Ahn, S. U., Akindinov, A., Al-Turany, M., Alam, S. N., Albuquerque, D. S. D., Aleksandrov, D., Alessandro, B., Alfanda, H. M., Alfaro Molina, R., Ali, B., Ali, Y., Alici, A., Alkin, A., Alme, J., Alt, T., Altenkamper, L., Altsybeev, I., Anaam, M. N., Andrei, C., Andreou, D., Andrews, H. A., Andronic, A., Angeletti, M., Anguelov, V., Anson, C., Antičić, T., Antinori, F., Antonioli, P., Anwar, R., Apadula, N., Aphecetche, L., Appelshäuser, H., Arcelli, S., Arnaldi, R., Arratia, M., Arsene, I. C., Arslandok, M., Augustinus, A., Averbeck, R., Aziz, S., Azmi, M. D., Badalà, A., Baek, Y. W., Bagnasco, S., Bai, X., Bailhache, R., Bala, R., Baldisseri, A., Ball, M., Balouza, S., Barbera, R., Barioglio, L., Barnaföldi, G. G., Barnby, L. S., Barret, V., Bartalini, P., Barth, K., Bartsch, E., Baruffaldi, F., Bastid, N., Basu, S., Batigne, G., Batyunya, B., Bauri, D., Bazo Alba, J. L., Bearden, I. G., Bedda, C., Behera, N. K., Belikov, I., Bell Hechavarria, A. D. C., Bellini, F., Bellwied, R., Belyaev, V., Bencedi, G., Beole, S., Bercuci, A., Berdnikov, Y., Berenyi, D., Bertens, R. A., Berzano, D., Besoiu, M. G., Betev, L., Bhasin, A., Bhat, I. R., Bhat, M. A., Bhatt, H., Bhattacharjee, B., Bianchi, A., Bianchi, L., Bianchi, N., Bielčík, J., Bielčíková, J., Bilandzic, A., Biro, G., Biswas, R., Biswas, S., Blair, J. T., Blau, D., Blume, C., Boca, G., Bock, F., Bogdanov, A., Boi, S., Boldizsár, L., Bolozdynya, A., Bombara, M., Bonomi, G., Borel, H., Borissov, A., Bossi, H., Botta, E., Bratrud, L., Braun-Munzinger, P., Bregant, M., Broz, M., Brucken, E. J., Bruna, E., Bruno, G. E., Buckland, M. D., Budnikov, D., Buesching, H., Bufalino, S., Bugnon, O., Buhler, P., Buncic, P., Buthelezi, Z., Butt, J. B., Buxton, J. T., Bysiak, S. A., Caffarri, D., Caliva, A., Calvo Villar, E., Camacho, R. S., Camerini, P., Capon, A. A., Carnesecchi, F., Caron, R., Castillo Castellanos, J., Castro, A. J., Casula, E. A. R., Catalano, F., Ceballos Sanchez, C., Chakraborty, P., Chandra, S., Chang, W., Chapeland, S., Chartier, M., Chattopadhyay, S., Chattopadhyay, S., Chauvin, A., Cheshkov, C., Cheynis, B., Chibante Barroso, V., Chinellato, D. D., Cho, S., Chochula, P., Chowdhury, T., Christakoglou, P., Christensen, C. H., Christiansen, P., Chujo, T., Cicalo, C., Cifarelli, L., Cindolo, F., Cleymans, J., Colamaria, F., Colella, D., Collu, A., Colocci, M., Concas, M., Conesa Balbastre, G., Conesa del Valle, Z., Contin, G., Contreras, J. G., Cormier, T. M., Corrales Morales, Y., Cortese, P., Cosentino, M. R., Costa, F., Costanza, S., Crochet, P., Cuautle, E., Cui, P., Cunqueiro, L., Dabrowski, D., Dahms, T., Dainese, A., Damas, F. P. A., Danisch, M. C., Danu, A., Das, D., Das, I., Das, P., Das, P., Das, S., Dash, A., Dash, S., De, S., De Caro, A., de Cataldo, G., de Cuveland, J., De Falco, A., De Gruttola, D., De Marco, N., De Pasquale, S., Deb, S., Debjani, B., Degenhardt, H. F., Deja, K. R., Deloff, A., Delsanto, S., Devetak, D., Dhankher, P., Di Bari, D., Di Mauro, A., Diaz, R. A., Dietel, T., Dillenseger, P., Ding, Y., Divià, R., Dixit, D. U., Djuvsland, Ø., Dmitrieva, U., Dobrin, A., Dönigus, B., Dordic, O., Dubey, A. K., Dubla, A., Dudi, S., Dukhishyam, M., Dupieux, P., Ehlers, R. J., Eikeland, V. N., Elia, D., Engel, H., Epple, E., Erazmus, B., Erhardt, F., Erokhin, A., Ersdal, M. R., Espagnon, B., Eulisse, G., Evans, D., Evdokimov, S., Fabbietti, L., Faggin, M., Faivre, J., Fan, F., Fantoni, A., Fasel, M., Fecchio, P., Feliciello, A., Feofilov, G., Fernández Téllez, A., Ferrero, A., Ferretti, A., Festanti, A., Feuillard, V. J. G., Figiel, J., Filchagin, S., Finogeev, D., Fionda, F. M., Fiorenza, G., Flor, F., Foertsch, S., Foka, P., Fokin, S., Fragiacomo, E., Frankenfeld, U., Fuchs, U., Furget, C., Furs, A., Fusco Girard, M., Gaardhøje, J. J., Gagliardi, M., Gago, A. M., Gal, A., Galvan, C. D., Ganoti, P., Garabatos, C., Garcia-Solis, E., Garg, K., Gargiulo, C., Garibli, A., Garner, K., Gasik, P., Gauger, E. F., Gay Ducati, M. B., Germain, M., Ghosh, J., Ghosh, P., Ghosh, S. K., Gianotti, P., Giubellino, P., Giubilato, P., Glässel, P., Goméz Coral, D. M., Gomez Ramirez, A., Gonzalez, V., González-Zamora, P., Gorbunov, S., Görlich, L., Gotovac, S., Grabski, V., Graczykowski, L. K., Graham, K. L., Greiner, L., Grelli, A., Grigoras, C., Grigoriev, V., Grigoryan, A., Grigoryan, S., Groettvik, O. S., Grosa, F., Grosse-Oetringhaus, J. F., Grosso, R., Guernane, R., Guittiere, M., Gulbrandsen, K., Gunji, T., Gupta, A., Gupta, R., Guzman, I. B., Haake, R., Habib, M. K., Hadjidakis, C., Hamagaki, H., Hamar, G., Hamid, M., Hannigan, R., Haque, M. R., Harlenderova, A., Harris, J. W., Harton, A., Hasenbichler, J. A., Hassan, H., Hatzifotiadou, D., Hauer, P., Hayashi, S., Heckel, S. T., Hellbär, E., Helstrup, H., Herghelegiu, A., Herman, T., Hernandez, E. G., Herrera Corral, G., Herrmann, F., Hetland, K. F., Hilden, T. E., Hillemanns, H., Hills, C., Hippolyte, B., Hohlweger, B., Horak, D., Hornung, A., Hornung, S., Hosokawa, R., Hristov, P., Huang, C., Hughes, C., Huhn, P., Humanic, T. J., Hushnud, H., Husova, L. A., Hussain, N., Hussain, S. A., Hutter, D., Iddon, J. P., Ilkaev, R., Inaba, M., Innocenti, G. M., Ippolitov, M., Isakov, A., Islam, M. S., Ivanov, M., Ivanov, V., Izucheev, V., Jacak, B., Jacazio, N., Jacobs, P. M., Jadlovska, S., Jadlovsky, J., Jaelani, S., Jahnke, C., Jakubowska, M. J., Janik, M. A., Janson, T., Jercic, M., Jevons, O., Jin, M., Jonas, F., Jones, P. G., Jung, J., Jung, M., Jusko, A., Kalinak, P., Kalweit, A., Kaplin, V., Kar, S., Karasu Uysal, A., Karavichev, O., Karavicheva, T., Karczmarczyk, P., Karpechev, E., Kazantsev, A., Kebschull, U., Keidel, R., Keil, M., Ketzer, B., Khabanova, Z., Khan, A. M., Khan, S., Khan, S. A., Khanzadeev, A., Kharlov, Y., Khatun, A., Khuntia, A., Kileng, B., Kim, B., Kim, B., Kim, D., Kim, D. J., Kim, E. J., Kim, H., Kim, J., Kim, J. S., Kim, J., Kim, J., Kim, J., Kim, M., Kim, S., Kim, T., Kim, T., Kirsch, S., Kisel, I., Kiselev, S., Kisiel, A., Klay, J. L., Klein, C., Klein, J., Klein, S., Klein-Bösing, C., Kleiner, M., Kluge, A., Knichel, M. L., Knospe, A. G., Kobdaj, C., Köhler, M. K., Kollegger, T., Kondratyev, A., Kondratyeva, N., Kondratyuk, E., Konig, J., Konopka, P. J., Koska, L., Kovalenko, O., Kovalenko, V., Kowalski, M., Králik, I., Kravčáková, A., Kreis, L., Krivda, M., Krizek, F., Krizkova Gajdosova, K., Krüger, M., Kryshen, E., Krzewicki, M., Kubera, A. M., Kučera, V., Kuhn, C., Kuijer, P. G., Kumar, L., Kumar, S., Kundu, S., Kurashvili, P., Kurepin, A., Kurepin, A. B., Kuryakin, A., Kushpil, S., Kvapil, J., Kweon, M. J., Kwon, J. Y., Kwon, Y., La Pointe, S. L., La Rocca, P., Lai, Y. S., Langoy, R., Lapidus, K., Lardeux, A., Larionov, P., Laudi, E., Lavicka, R., Lazareva, T., Lea, R., Leardini, L., Lee, J., Lee, S., Lehas, F., Lehner, S., Lehrbach, J., Lemmon, R. C., León Monzón, I., Lesser, E. D., Lettrich, M., Lévai, P., Li, X., Li, X. L., Lien, J., Lietava, R., Lim, B., Lindenstruth, V., Lindsay, S. W., Lippmann, C., Lisa, M. A., Litichevskyi, V., Liu, A., Liu, S., Llope, W. J., Lofnes, I. M., Loginov, V., Loizides, C., Loncar, P., Lopez, X., López Torres, E., Luhder, J. R., Lunardon, M., Luparello, G., Ma, Y., Maevskaya, A., Mager, M., Mahmood, S. M., Mahmoud, T., Maire, A., Majka, R. D., Malaev, M., Malik, Q. 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M., Perez Lezama, E., Peskov, V., Pestov, Y., Petráček, V., Petrovici, M., Pezzi, R. P., Piano, S., Pikna, M., Pillot, P., Pinazza, O., Pinsky, L., Pinto, C., Pisano, S., Pistone, D., Płoskoń, M., Planinic, M., Pliquett, F., Pluta, J., Pochybova, S., Poghosyan, M. G., Polichtchouk, B., Poljak, N., Pop, A., Poppenborg, H., Porteboeuf-Houssais, S., Pozdniakov, V., Prasad, S. K., Preghenella, R., Prino, F., Pruneau, C. A., Pshenichnov, I., Puccio, M., Putschke, J., Quishpe, R. E., Ragoni, S., Raha, S., Rajput, S., Rak, J., Rakotozafindrabe, A., Ramello, L., Rami, F., Raniwala, R., Raniwala, S., Räsänen, S. S., Rath, R., Ratza, V., Ravasenga, I., Read, K. F., Redlich, K., Rehman, A., Reichelt, P., Reidt, F., Ren, X., Renfordt, R., Rescakova, Z., Revol, J. -P., Reygers, K., Riabov, V., Richert, T., Richter, M., Riedler, P., Riegler, W., Riggi, F., Ristea, C., Rode, S. P., Rodríguez Cahuantzi, M., Røed, K., Rogalev, R., Rogochaya, E., Rohr, D., Röhrich, D., Rokita, P. 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@article{osti_1635569,
title = {Evidence of Spin-Orbital Angular Momentum Interactions in Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions},
author = {Acharya, S. and Adamová, D. and Adler, A. and Adolfsson, J. and Aggarwal, M. M. and Aglieri Rinella, G. and Agnello, M. and Agrawal, N. and Ahammed, Z. and Ahmad, S. and Ahn, S. U. and Akindinov, A. and Al-Turany, M. and Alam, S. N. and Albuquerque, D. S. D. and Aleksandrov, D. and Alessandro, B. and Alfanda, H. M. and Alfaro Molina, R. and Ali, B. and Ali, Y. and Alici, A. and Alkin, A. and Alme, J. and Alt, T. and Altenkamper, L. and Altsybeev, I. and Anaam, M. N. and Andrei, C. and Andreou, D. and Andrews, H. A. and Andronic, A. and Angeletti, M. and Anguelov, V. and Anson, C. and Antičić, T. and Antinori, F. and Antonioli, P. and Anwar, R. and Apadula, N. and Aphecetche, L. and Appelshäuser, H. and Arcelli, S. and Arnaldi, R. and Arratia, M. and Arsene, I. C. and Arslandok, M. and Augustinus, A. and Averbeck, R. and Aziz, S. and Azmi, M. D. and Badalà, A. and Baek, Y. W. and Bagnasco, S. and Bai, X. and Bailhache, R. and Bala, R. and Baldisseri, A. and Ball, M. and Balouza, S. and Barbera, R. and Barioglio, L. and Barnaföldi, G. G. and Barnby, L. S. and Barret, V. and Bartalini, P. and Barth, K. and Bartsch, E. and Baruffaldi, F. and Bastid, N. and Basu, S. and Batigne, G. and Batyunya, B. and Bauri, D. and Bazo Alba, J. L. and Bearden, I. G. and Bedda, C. and Behera, N. K. and Belikov, I. and Bell Hechavarria, A. D. C. and Bellini, F. and Bellwied, R. and Belyaev, V. and Bencedi, G. and Beole, S. and Bercuci, A. and Berdnikov, Y. and Berenyi, D. and Bertens, R. A. and Berzano, D. and Besoiu, M. G. and Betev, L. and Bhasin, A. and Bhat, I. R. and Bhat, M. A. and Bhatt, H. and Bhattacharjee, B. and Bianchi, A. and Bianchi, L. and Bianchi, N. and Bielčík, J. and Bielčíková, J. and Bilandzic, A. and Biro, G. and Biswas, R. and Biswas, S. and Blair, J. 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P. and Wiechula, J. and Wikne, J. and Wilk, G. and Wilkinson, J. and Willems, G. A. and Willsher, E. and Windelband, B. and Winn, M. and Witt, W. E. and Wu, Y. and Xu, R. and Yalcin, S. and Yamakawa, K. and Yang, S. and Yano, S. and Yin, Z. and Yokoyama, H. and Yoo, I. -K. and Yoon, J. H. and Yuan, S. and Yuncu, A. and Yurchenko, V. and Zaccolo, V. and Zaman, A. and Zampolli, C. and Zanoli, H. J. C. and Zardoshti, N. and Zarochentsev, A. and Závada, P. and Zaviyalov, N. and Zbroszczyk, H. and Zhalov, M. and Zhang, S. and Zhang, X. and Zhang, Z. and Zherebchevskii, V. and Zhou, D. and Zhou, Y. and Zhou, Z. and Zhu, J. and Zhu, Y. and Zichichi, A. and Zimmermann, M. B. and Zinovjev, G. and Zurlo, N. and The ALICE Collaboration},
abstractNote = {The first evidence of spin alignment of vector mesons (K*0 and $\phi$) in heavy-ion collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is reported. The spin density matrix element ρ00 is measured at midrapidity (|y|<0.5) in Pb-Pb collisions at a center-of-mass energy (√sNN) of 2.76 TeV with the ALICE detector. ρ_{00} values are found to be less than 1/3 (1/3 implies no spin alignment) at low transverse momentum (pT<2 GeV/c) for K*0 and $\phi$ at a level of 3σ and 2σ, respectively. No significant spin alignment is observed for the KS0 meson (spin=0) in Pb-Pb collisions and for the vector mesons in pp collisions. The measured spin alignment is unexpectedly large but qualitatively consistent with the expectation from models which attribute it to a polarization of quarks in the presence of angular momentum in heavy-ion collisions and a subsequent hadronization by the process of recombination.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.012301},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 1,
volume = 125,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {6}
}

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Quark coalescence model for polarized vector mesons and baryons
journal, March 2018


Global polarization of Λ Λ ¯ hyperons in Pb-Pb collisions at s N N = 2.76 and 5.02 TeV
journal, April 2020


Angular momentum conservation in heavy ion collisions at very high energy
journal, February 2008


Elliptic flow of identified hadrons in Pb-Pb collisions at s N N = 2.76 $$ \sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=2.76 $$ TeV
journal, June 2015

  • Abelev, B.; Adam, J.; Adamová, D.
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP06(2015)190