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Title: On Simulating the Formation of Structured, Crystalline Systems via Non-classical Pathways

Abstract

Observations in crystal growth and assembly from recent in situ methods suggest alternative, non-classical crystallization pathways play an important role in the determination of the micro- and meso- structures in crystalline systems. These processes display parallels that cross-cut multiple disciplines investigating crystallization across four orders of magnitude in size scales and widely differing environments, hinting that alternative crystal growth pathways may be a fundamental scheme in natural crystal formation. Using a system of short-range attractive microbeads, we demonstrate that the addition of a small concentration of sub-species incommensurate with the lattice spacing of the dominant species results in a stark change in crystal size and morphology. These changes are attributed to the presence of fleeting, amorphous-like configurations of beads that ultimately change the melting and growth dynamics in preferred directions. From these real-time observations, we hypothesize the amorphous mineral precursors present in biological mineralized tissues undergo similar non-classical crystallization processes resulting in the complex structures found in biomineralization.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. BitWrex, LLC, Morton, IL (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, San Francisco, CA (United States). Dept. of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Molecular Foundry
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1635187
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; 1507607; 0654193
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Frontiers in Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2296-8016
Publisher:
Frontiers Research Foundation
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; non-classical crystallization pathways; biological mineralization; multiscale interactions; bead-bead interactions; amorphous precursors; colloidal crystallization

Citation Formats

Mergo III, John C., and Seto, Jong. On Simulating the Formation of Structured, Crystalline Systems via Non-classical Pathways. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.3389/fmats.2020.00075.
Mergo III, John C., & Seto, Jong. On Simulating the Formation of Structured, Crystalline Systems via Non-classical Pathways. United States. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmats.2020.00075
Mergo III, John C., and Seto, Jong. Wed . "On Simulating the Formation of Structured, Crystalline Systems via Non-classical Pathways". United States. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmats.2020.00075. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1635187.
@article{osti_1635187,
title = {On Simulating the Formation of Structured, Crystalline Systems via Non-classical Pathways},
author = {Mergo III, John C. and Seto, Jong},
abstractNote = {Observations in crystal growth and assembly from recent in situ methods suggest alternative, non-classical crystallization pathways play an important role in the determination of the micro- and meso- structures in crystalline systems. These processes display parallels that cross-cut multiple disciplines investigating crystallization across four orders of magnitude in size scales and widely differing environments, hinting that alternative crystal growth pathways may be a fundamental scheme in natural crystal formation. Using a system of short-range attractive microbeads, we demonstrate that the addition of a small concentration of sub-species incommensurate with the lattice spacing of the dominant species results in a stark change in crystal size and morphology. These changes are attributed to the presence of fleeting, amorphous-like configurations of beads that ultimately change the melting and growth dynamics in preferred directions. From these real-time observations, we hypothesize the amorphous mineral precursors present in biological mineralized tissues undergo similar non-classical crystallization processes resulting in the complex structures found in biomineralization.},
doi = {10.3389/fmats.2020.00075},
journal = {Frontiers in Materials},
number = ,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

FIGURE 1 FIGURE 1: Biological crystallization of diverse mineralized tissues ranging from sea urchin spines to bones and teeth demonstrate a non-classical crystallization pathway. From calcium carbonate (CaCO3) to hydroxyapatite (Ca10(PO4)6(OH)), these divergent mineralization systems have been found to contain intermediates mineral phases not explained by classical crystallization theories. Adapted from Coelfenmore » and Antonietti (2008) with permission from John Wiley and Sons.« less

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Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.