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Title: Transport of kJ-laser-driven relativistic electron beams in cold and shock-heated vitreous carbon and diamond

Abstract

We report experimental results on relativistic electron beam (REB) transport in a set of cold and shock-heated carbon samples using the high-intensity kilojoule-class OMEGA EP laser. The REB energy distribution and transport were diagnosed using an electron spectrometer and x-ray fluorescence measurements from aCu tracer buried at the rear side of the samples. The measured rear REB density shows brighter and narrower signals when the targets were shock-heated. Hybrid PIC simulations using advanced resistivity models in the target warm-dense-matter (WDM) conditions confirm this observation. We show that the resistivity response of the media, which governs the self generated resistive fields, is of paramount importance to understand and correctly predict the REB transport.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics
  4. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. Bordeaux (France)
  6. Univ. of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland (United Kingdom)
  7. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States); Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); European Commission (EC)
OSTI Identifier:
1633883
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1772950
Report Number(s):
SAND-2021-3313J
Journal ID: ISSN 1367-2630
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0003842; NA0002728; AC04-94AL85000; LFR-17-449059; 633053
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
New Journal of Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1367-2630
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; relativistic electron beam transport; warm dense matter; fast ignition; thermonuclear fusion; shocked carbon; plasma conductivity of carbon allotropes; self-generated magnetic fields

Citation Formats

Bailly-Grandvaux, M., Kim, J., Krauland, C. M., Zhang, S., Dozières, M., Wei, M. S., Theobald, W., Grabowski, P. E., Santos, J. J., Nicolaï, Ph, McKenna, P., Desjarlais, M. P., and Beg, F. N. Transport of kJ-laser-driven relativistic electron beams in cold and shock-heated vitreous carbon and diamond. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1088/1367-2630/ab7a06.
Bailly-Grandvaux, M., Kim, J., Krauland, C. M., Zhang, S., Dozières, M., Wei, M. S., Theobald, W., Grabowski, P. E., Santos, J. J., Nicolaï, Ph, McKenna, P., Desjarlais, M. P., & Beg, F. N. Transport of kJ-laser-driven relativistic electron beams in cold and shock-heated vitreous carbon and diamond. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/ab7a06
Bailly-Grandvaux, M., Kim, J., Krauland, C. M., Zhang, S., Dozières, M., Wei, M. S., Theobald, W., Grabowski, P. E., Santos, J. J., Nicolaï, Ph, McKenna, P., Desjarlais, M. P., and Beg, F. N. Mon . "Transport of kJ-laser-driven relativistic electron beams in cold and shock-heated vitreous carbon and diamond". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/ab7a06. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1633883.
@article{osti_1633883,
title = {Transport of kJ-laser-driven relativistic electron beams in cold and shock-heated vitreous carbon and diamond},
author = {Bailly-Grandvaux, M. and Kim, J. and Krauland, C. M. and Zhang, S. and Dozières, M. and Wei, M. S. and Theobald, W. and Grabowski, P. E. and Santos, J. J. and Nicolaï, Ph and McKenna, P. and Desjarlais, M. P. and Beg, F. N.},
abstractNote = {We report experimental results on relativistic electron beam (REB) transport in a set of cold and shock-heated carbon samples using the high-intensity kilojoule-class OMEGA EP laser. The REB energy distribution and transport were diagnosed using an electron spectrometer and x-ray fluorescence measurements from aCu tracer buried at the rear side of the samples. The measured rear REB density shows brighter and narrower signals when the targets were shock-heated. Hybrid PIC simulations using advanced resistivity models in the target warm-dense-matter (WDM) conditions confirm this observation. We show that the resistivity response of the media, which governs the self generated resistive fields, is of paramount importance to understand and correctly predict the REB transport.},
doi = {10.1088/1367-2630/ab7a06},
journal = {New Journal of Physics},
number = 3,
volume = 22,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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