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Title: Tunable isolated attosecond X-ray pulses with gigawatt peak power from a free-electron laser

Abstract

The quantum-mechanical motion of electrons in molecules and solids occurs on the sub-femtosecond timescale. Consequently, the study of ultrafast electronic phenomena requires the generation of laser pulses shorter than 1 fs and of sufficient intensity to interact with their target with high probability. Probing these dynamics with atomic-site specificity requires the extension of sub-femtosecond pulses to the soft X-ray spectral region. Here, we report the generation of isolated soft X-ray attosecond pulses with an X-ray free-electron laser. Our source has a pulse energy that is millions of times larger than any other source of isolated attosecond pulses in the soft X-ray spectral region, with a peak power exceeding 100 GW. This unique combination of high intensity, high photon energy and short pulse duration enables the investigation of electron dynamics with X-ray nonlinear spectroscopy and single-particle imaging, unlocking a path towards a new era of attosecond science.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [5];  [1];  [6];  [1];  [1];  [6];  [7]; ORCiD logo [8];  [9];  [4];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [10] more »;  [2]; ORCiD logo [4];  [9]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [11];  [1];  [4];  [12]; ORCiD logo [5];  [13];  [12];  [14]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [1] « less
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Photon Ultrafast Laser Science and Engineering Inst. (PULSE); Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
  4. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Photon Ultrafast Laser Science and Engineering Inst. (PULSE)
  5. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Photon Ultrafast Laser Science and Engineering Inst. (PULSE); Max Planck Society, Garching (Germany). Max Planck Inst. of Quantum Optics; Ludwig Maximilian Univ., Munich (Germany)
  6. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Photon Ultrafast Laser Science and Engineering Inst. (PULSE)
  7. Univ. Kassel (Germany)
  8. Ludwig Maximilian Univ., Munich (Germany); Technische Univ. of Dortmund (Germany); Technische Univ. Munchen, Garching (Germany). Dept. Physik
  9. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Photon Ultrafast Laser Science and Engineering Inst. (PULSE)
  10. Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
  11. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Photon Ultrafast Laser Science and Engineering Inst. (PULSE); Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
  12. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  13. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Photon Ultrafast Laser Science and Engineering Inst. (PULSE); Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
  14. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division; USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; German Research Foundation (DFG); Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
OSTI Identifier:
1633444
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1605277; OSTI ID: 1607382
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; KL-1439/10; 328961117-SFB-1319; EP/R019509/1
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Photonics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1749-4885
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; X-ray Pulses, Free-Electron Laser

Citation Formats

Duris, Joseph, Li, Siqi, Driver, Taran, Champenois, Elio G., MacArthur, James P., Lutman, Alberto A., Zhang, Zhen, Rosenberger, Philipp, Aldrich, Jeff W., Coffee, Ryan, Coslovich, Giacomo, Decker, Franz-Josef, Glownia, James M., Hartmann, Gregor, Helml, Wolfram, Kamalov, Andrei, Knurr, Jonas, Krzywinski, Jacek, Lin, Ming-Fu, Marangos, Jon P., Nantel, Megan, Natan, Adi, O’Neal, Jordan T., Shivaram, Niranjan, Walter, Peter, Wang, Anna Li, Welch, James J., Wolf, Thomas J. A., Xu, Joseph Z., Kling, Matthias F., Bucksbaum, Philip H., Zholents, Alexander, Huang, Zhirong, Cryan, James P., and Marinelli, Agostino. Tunable isolated attosecond X-ray pulses with gigawatt peak power from a free-electron laser. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41566-019-0549-5.
Duris, Joseph, Li, Siqi, Driver, Taran, Champenois, Elio G., MacArthur, James P., Lutman, Alberto A., Zhang, Zhen, Rosenberger, Philipp, Aldrich, Jeff W., Coffee, Ryan, Coslovich, Giacomo, Decker, Franz-Josef, Glownia, James M., Hartmann, Gregor, Helml, Wolfram, Kamalov, Andrei, Knurr, Jonas, Krzywinski, Jacek, Lin, Ming-Fu, Marangos, Jon P., Nantel, Megan, Natan, Adi, O’Neal, Jordan T., Shivaram, Niranjan, Walter, Peter, Wang, Anna Li, Welch, James J., Wolf, Thomas J. A., Xu, Joseph Z., Kling, Matthias F., Bucksbaum, Philip H., Zholents, Alexander, Huang, Zhirong, Cryan, James P., & Marinelli, Agostino. Tunable isolated attosecond X-ray pulses with gigawatt peak power from a free-electron laser. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41566-019-0549-5
Duris, Joseph, Li, Siqi, Driver, Taran, Champenois, Elio G., MacArthur, James P., Lutman, Alberto A., Zhang, Zhen, Rosenberger, Philipp, Aldrich, Jeff W., Coffee, Ryan, Coslovich, Giacomo, Decker, Franz-Josef, Glownia, James M., Hartmann, Gregor, Helml, Wolfram, Kamalov, Andrei, Knurr, Jonas, Krzywinski, Jacek, Lin, Ming-Fu, Marangos, Jon P., Nantel, Megan, Natan, Adi, O’Neal, Jordan T., Shivaram, Niranjan, Walter, Peter, Wang, Anna Li, Welch, James J., Wolf, Thomas J. A., Xu, Joseph Z., Kling, Matthias F., Bucksbaum, Philip H., Zholents, Alexander, Huang, Zhirong, Cryan, James P., and Marinelli, Agostino. Mon . "Tunable isolated attosecond X-ray pulses with gigawatt peak power from a free-electron laser". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41566-019-0549-5. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1633444.
@article{osti_1633444,
title = {Tunable isolated attosecond X-ray pulses with gigawatt peak power from a free-electron laser},
author = {Duris, Joseph and Li, Siqi and Driver, Taran and Champenois, Elio G. and MacArthur, James P. and Lutman, Alberto A. and Zhang, Zhen and Rosenberger, Philipp and Aldrich, Jeff W. and Coffee, Ryan and Coslovich, Giacomo and Decker, Franz-Josef and Glownia, James M. and Hartmann, Gregor and Helml, Wolfram and Kamalov, Andrei and Knurr, Jonas and Krzywinski, Jacek and Lin, Ming-Fu and Marangos, Jon P. and Nantel, Megan and Natan, Adi and O’Neal, Jordan T. and Shivaram, Niranjan and Walter, Peter and Wang, Anna Li and Welch, James J. and Wolf, Thomas J. A. and Xu, Joseph Z. and Kling, Matthias F. and Bucksbaum, Philip H. and Zholents, Alexander and Huang, Zhirong and Cryan, James P. and Marinelli, Agostino},
abstractNote = {The quantum-mechanical motion of electrons in molecules and solids occurs on the sub-femtosecond timescale. Consequently, the study of ultrafast electronic phenomena requires the generation of laser pulses shorter than 1 fs and of sufficient intensity to interact with their target with high probability. Probing these dynamics with atomic-site specificity requires the extension of sub-femtosecond pulses to the soft X-ray spectral region. Here, we report the generation of isolated soft X-ray attosecond pulses with an X-ray free-electron laser. Our source has a pulse energy that is millions of times larger than any other source of isolated attosecond pulses in the soft X-ray spectral region, with a peak power exceeding 100 GW. This unique combination of high intensity, high photon energy and short pulse duration enables the investigation of electron dynamics with X-ray nonlinear spectroscopy and single-particle imaging, unlocking a path towards a new era of attosecond science.},
doi = {10.1038/s41566-019-0549-5},
journal = {Nature Photonics},
number = 1,
volume = 14,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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