skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Spectrotemporal control of soft x-ray laser pulses

Abstract

We exploit echo-enabled harmonic generation (EEHG) to produce fully coherent free-electron laser (FEL) pulses at soft-x-ray wavelengths and shape their spectrotemporal content. In an EEHG FEL, the longitudinal phase space of the relativistic electron beam that amplifies light is precisely tailored using two external seed lasers and two magnetic chicanes. We show that the spectrotemporal properties of the emitted radiation can be controlled by tuning the bandwidth, linear frequency chirp, and intensity of one of the seed lasers. The experimental data are supported by analytical and numerical models. Our results open a pathway toward coherent control of quantum processes at short wavelengths in the fields of applied physics, chemistry and biology, where manipulating the radiation spectrum is essential. The ability to precisely control the spectrotemporal content of intense, short-wavelength FEL pulses and the low sensitivity of the radiation to electron-beam imperfections make the technique an ideal candidate for use in chirped-pulse amplification schemes.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1633009
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1637703
Grant/Contract Number:  
2017-SLAC-100382; AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review Accelerators and Beams Journal Volume: 23 Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9888
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS

Citation Formats

Mirian, Najmeh S., Allaria, Enrico, Bruchon, Niky, Cinquegrana, Paolo, Danailov, Miltcho Boyanov, De Ninno, Giovanni, Di Mitri, Simone, Ferrari, Eugenio, Giannessi, Luca, Hemsing, Erik, Penco, Giuseppe, Roussel, Eléonore, Spampinati, Simone, Spezzani, Carlo, Trovó, Mauro, Veronese, Marco, and Rebernik Ribič, Primož. Spectrotemporal control of soft x-ray laser pulses. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.23.060701.
Mirian, Najmeh S., Allaria, Enrico, Bruchon, Niky, Cinquegrana, Paolo, Danailov, Miltcho Boyanov, De Ninno, Giovanni, Di Mitri, Simone, Ferrari, Eugenio, Giannessi, Luca, Hemsing, Erik, Penco, Giuseppe, Roussel, Eléonore, Spampinati, Simone, Spezzani, Carlo, Trovó, Mauro, Veronese, Marco, & Rebernik Ribič, Primož. Spectrotemporal control of soft x-ray laser pulses. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.23.060701
Mirian, Najmeh S., Allaria, Enrico, Bruchon, Niky, Cinquegrana, Paolo, Danailov, Miltcho Boyanov, De Ninno, Giovanni, Di Mitri, Simone, Ferrari, Eugenio, Giannessi, Luca, Hemsing, Erik, Penco, Giuseppe, Roussel, Eléonore, Spampinati, Simone, Spezzani, Carlo, Trovó, Mauro, Veronese, Marco, and Rebernik Ribič, Primož. Thu . "Spectrotemporal control of soft x-ray laser pulses". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.23.060701.
@article{osti_1633009,
title = {Spectrotemporal control of soft x-ray laser pulses},
author = {Mirian, Najmeh S. and Allaria, Enrico and Bruchon, Niky and Cinquegrana, Paolo and Danailov, Miltcho Boyanov and De Ninno, Giovanni and Di Mitri, Simone and Ferrari, Eugenio and Giannessi, Luca and Hemsing, Erik and Penco, Giuseppe and Roussel, Eléonore and Spampinati, Simone and Spezzani, Carlo and Trovó, Mauro and Veronese, Marco and Rebernik Ribič, Primož},
abstractNote = {We exploit echo-enabled harmonic generation (EEHG) to produce fully coherent free-electron laser (FEL) pulses at soft-x-ray wavelengths and shape their spectrotemporal content. In an EEHG FEL, the longitudinal phase space of the relativistic electron beam that amplifies light is precisely tailored using two external seed lasers and two magnetic chicanes. We show that the spectrotemporal properties of the emitted radiation can be controlled by tuning the bandwidth, linear frequency chirp, and intensity of one of the seed lasers. The experimental data are supported by analytical and numerical models. Our results open a pathway toward coherent control of quantum processes at short wavelengths in the fields of applied physics, chemistry and biology, where manipulating the radiation spectrum is essential. The ability to precisely control the spectrotemporal content of intense, short-wavelength FEL pulses and the low sensitivity of the radiation to electron-beam imperfections make the technique an ideal candidate for use in chirped-pulse amplification schemes.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.23.060701},
journal = {Physical Review Accelerators and Beams},
number = 6,
volume = 23,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.23.060701

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Using the Beam-Echo Effect for Generation of Short-Wavelength Radiation
journal, February 2009


Pulse Duration of Seeded Free-Electron Lasers
journal, June 2017


Control of Chemical Reactions by Feedback-Optimized Phase-Shaped Femtosecond Laser Pulses
journal, October 1998


Operation of a free-electron laser from the extreme ultraviolet to the water window
journal, June 2007


Coherent extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser with echo-enabled harmonic generation
journal, May 2019


Echo-enabled harmonics up to the 75th order from precisely tailored electron beams
journal, June 2016


Coherent Control of Quantum Dynamics: The Dream Is Alive
journal, March 1993


First lasing and operation of an ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser
journal, August 2010


Coherent control of molecular dynamics
journal, May 2003


Quantum Coherent Control for Nonlinear Spectroscopy and Microscopy
journal, May 2009


Minimum Spectral Bandwidth in Echo Seeded Free Electron Lasers
journal, March 2019


Magnetic Trapping and Coherent Control of Laser-Cooled Molecules
journal, April 2018


Direct spectrotemporal characterization of femtosecond extreme-ultraviolet pulses
journal, September 2013


Chirped Seeded Free-Electron Lasers: Self-Standing Light Sources for Two-Color Pump-Probe Experiments
journal, February 2013


Chirped pulse amplification in an extreme-ultraviolet free-electron laser
journal, December 2016

  • Gauthier, David; Allaria, Enrico; Coreno, Marcello
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13688

Identification and tunable optical coherent control of transition-metal spins in silicon carbide
journal, October 2018

  • Bosma, Tom; Lof, Gerrit J. J.; Gilardoni, Carmem M.
  • npj Quantum Information, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/s41534-018-0097-8

Single-shot spectro-temporal characterization of XUV pulses from a seeded free-electron laser
journal, August 2015

  • De Ninno, Giovanni; Gauthier, David; Mahieu, Benoît
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9075

Attosecond pulse shaping using a seeded free-electron laser
journal, February 2020


Two-stage seeded soft-X-ray free-electron laser
journal, October 2013


Longitudinal space charge-driven microbunching instability in the TESLA Test Facility linac
journal, August 2004

  • Saldin, E. L.; Schneidmiller, E. A.; Yurkov, M. V.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 528, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2004.04.067

Coherent soft X-ray pulses from an echo-enabled harmonic generation free-electron laser
journal, May 2019

  • Rebernik Ribič, Primož; Abrami, Alessandro; Badano, Laura
  • Nature Photonics, Vol. 13, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/s41566-019-0427-1

Tracking attosecond electronic coherences using phase-manipulated extreme ultraviolet pulses
journal, February 2020


What We Can Learn about Ultrashort Pulses by Linear Optical Methods
journal, April 2013

  • Borzsonyi, Adam; Kovacs, Attila; Osvay, Karoly
  • Applied Sciences, Vol. 3, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3390/app3020515

Highly coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation at the 15th harmonic with echo-enabled harmonic generation technique
journal, July 2014

  • Hemsing, E.; Dunning, M.; Hast, C.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 17, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.17.070702

Coherent control with a short-wavelength free-electron laser
journal, February 2016


Highly coherent and stable pulses from the FERMI seeded free-electron laser in the extreme ultraviolet
journal, September 2012


Laser phase errors in seeded free electron lasers
journal, March 2012


Echo-enabled harmonic generation free electron laser
journal, March 2009


Spectrotemporal Shaping of Seeded Free-Electron Laser Pulses
journal, September 2015


Femtosecond quantum control of molecular bond formation
journal, May 2010

  • Nuernberger, P.; Wolpert, D.; Weiss, H.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 107, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0913607107

Sensitivity of echo enabled harmonic generation to sinusoidal electron beam energy structure
journal, June 2017