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Title: Biomass Burning Unlikely to Account for Missing Source of Carbonyl Sulfide

Abstract

Carbonyl sulfide (OCS) provides a proxy for measuring photosynthesis and is the primary background source of stratospheric aerosols. OCS emissions due to biomass burning are a variable and substantial (over 10%) part of the current OCS budget. OCS emission ratios from open burning fires, coupled with 1997–2016 data from the Global Fire Emissions Database (GFED4), yield OCS biomass burning emissions with a global average annual flux of 60 ± 37 Gg(S) year-1. Here, a global box model suggests these emissions are more consistent with observations from global atmospheric composition monitoring networks than fluxes derived from previous synthesis papers. Even after considering the uncertainty in emission factor observations for each category of emissions and the interannual variation in total burned dry matter, the total OCS emissions from open burning are insufficient to account for the large imbalance between current estimates of global OCS sources and sinks.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [3];  [6]
  1. Univ. of California, Merced, CA (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
  4. California Institute of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Jet Propulsion Lab. (JPL)
  5. Univ. of Liege, (Belgium)
  6. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
OSTI Identifier:
1632377
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-786902
Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276; 980824
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; AC02-05CH11231; SC0011999; LGF-17-476795
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: 24; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Environmental sciences; Carbonyl sulfide; Biomass burning; Emission factor; Emission ratio; Forest fire; Trace gases

Citation Formats

Stinecipher, James R., Cameron‐Smith, P. J., Blake, N. J., Kuai, L., Lejeune, B., Mahieu, E., Simpson, I. J., and Campbell, J. Elliott. Biomass Burning Unlikely to Account for Missing Source of Carbonyl Sulfide. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL085567.
Stinecipher, James R., Cameron‐Smith, P. J., Blake, N. J., Kuai, L., Lejeune, B., Mahieu, E., Simpson, I. J., & Campbell, J. Elliott. Biomass Burning Unlikely to Account for Missing Source of Carbonyl Sulfide. United States. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL085567
Stinecipher, James R., Cameron‐Smith, P. J., Blake, N. J., Kuai, L., Lejeune, B., Mahieu, E., Simpson, I. J., and Campbell, J. Elliott. Mon . "Biomass Burning Unlikely to Account for Missing Source of Carbonyl Sulfide". United States. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL085567. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1632377.
@article{osti_1632377,
title = {Biomass Burning Unlikely to Account for Missing Source of Carbonyl Sulfide},
author = {Stinecipher, James R. and Cameron‐Smith, P. J. and Blake, N. J. and Kuai, L. and Lejeune, B. and Mahieu, E. and Simpson, I. J. and Campbell, J. Elliott},
abstractNote = {Carbonyl sulfide (OCS) provides a proxy for measuring photosynthesis and is the primary background source of stratospheric aerosols. OCS emissions due to biomass burning are a variable and substantial (over 10%) part of the current OCS budget. OCS emission ratios from open burning fires, coupled with 1997–2016 data from the Global Fire Emissions Database (GFED4), yield OCS biomass burning emissions with a global average annual flux of 60 ± 37 Gg(S) year-1. Here, a global box model suggests these emissions are more consistent with observations from global atmospheric composition monitoring networks than fluxes derived from previous synthesis papers. Even after considering the uncertainty in emission factor observations for each category of emissions and the interannual variation in total burned dry matter, the total OCS emissions from open burning are insufficient to account for the large imbalance between current estimates of global OCS sources and sinks.},
doi = {10.1029/2019GL085567},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = 24,
volume = 46,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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