skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on May 29, 2021

Title: Hugoniot states and optical response of soda lime glass shock compressed to 120 GPa

Abstract

In contrast to relatively pure silica glass (fused silica-FS), commercial silica-rich glasses contain significant fractions of additional oxide components. In particular, soda-lime glass (SLG) consists of approximately 71% SiO2 by weight, which raises the question: what is the effect of additional cations on the shock compression response of silica-rich glasses? To address this concern, plate impact experiments were conducted to determine the high-pressure Hugoniot states for shocked SLG (37 to 120 GPa) and compared with recently reported results on FS. Using laser interferometry, particle velocity profiles were measured at the impact surface and the SLG/LiF window interface. In all experiments, the transmitted profiles show a single shock wave, with no features indicative of a phase transformation. The Hugoniot states determined from the wave profiles are described well using a linear shock velocity–particle velocity relation. Interferometry measurements (using 1550-nm wavelength laser) at the impact surface show that SLG is transparent when shocked to 55 GPa, transparent for tens of nanoseconds after impact between 55 and 81 GPa, and opaque beyond 81 GPa. From impact surface measurements, a linear relationship between the apparent and true particle velocity was observed, resulting in a linear relationship between the refractive index (at 1550 nm) andmore » density. At 120 GPa, the SLG density is nearly twice its ambient value, indicating that SLG can achieve highly dense amorphous states. When compared to FS, shocked SLG is much less compressible and likely does not transform to a crystalline phase. A plausible explanation for this difference is indicated.« less

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States). Inst. for Shock Physics
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Programs (DP); US Department of the Navy, Office of Naval Research (ONR)
OSTI Identifier:
1632349
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1630978
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0003957; N00014-18-1-2267
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 127; Journal Issue: 20; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES

Citation Formats

Hugoniot states and optical response of soda lime glass shock compressed to 120 GPa. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1063/5.0010396.
Hugoniot states and optical response of soda lime glass shock compressed to 120 GPa. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0010396
Fri . "Hugoniot states and optical response of soda lime glass shock compressed to 120 GPa". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0010396.
@article{osti_1632349,
title = {Hugoniot states and optical response of soda lime glass shock compressed to 120 GPa},
author = {None, None},
abstractNote = {In contrast to relatively pure silica glass (fused silica-FS), commercial silica-rich glasses contain significant fractions of additional oxide components. In particular, soda-lime glass (SLG) consists of approximately 71% SiO2 by weight, which raises the question: what is the effect of additional cations on the shock compression response of silica-rich glasses? To address this concern, plate impact experiments were conducted to determine the high-pressure Hugoniot states for shocked SLG (37 to 120 GPa) and compared with recently reported results on FS. Using laser interferometry, particle velocity profiles were measured at the impact surface and the SLG/LiF window interface. In all experiments, the transmitted profiles show a single shock wave, with no features indicative of a phase transformation. The Hugoniot states determined from the wave profiles are described well using a linear shock velocity–particle velocity relation. Interferometry measurements (using 1550-nm wavelength laser) at the impact surface show that SLG is transparent when shocked to 55 GPa, transparent for tens of nanoseconds after impact between 55 and 81 GPa, and opaque beyond 81 GPa. From impact surface measurements, a linear relationship between the apparent and true particle velocity was observed, resulting in a linear relationship between the refractive index (at 1550 nm) and density. At 120 GPa, the SLG density is nearly twice its ambient value, indicating that SLG can achieve highly dense amorphous states. When compared to FS, shocked SLG is much less compressible and likely does not transform to a crystalline phase. A plausible explanation for this difference is indicated.},
doi = {10.1063/5.0010396},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 20,
volume = 127,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on May 29, 2021
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Accuracy limits and window corrections for photon Doppler velocimetry
journal, January 2007

  • Jensen, B. J.; Holtkamp, D. B.; Rigg, P. A.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 101, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2407290

Changes to the shock response of fused quartz due to glass modification
journal, December 2008

  • Alexander, C. S.; Chhabildas, L. C.; Reinhart, W. D.
  • International Journal of Impact Engineering, Vol. 35, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijimpeng.2008.07.019

Static and dynamic strength of soda-lime glass under combined compression-shear loading
journal, July 2019


In situ X-Ray Diffraction of Shock-Compressed Fused Silica
journal, March 2018


Shock-wave compression of sapphire from 15 to 420 kbar. The effects of large anisotropic compressions
journal, January 1971


An X-ray diffraction study of shock-wave-densified SiO 2 glasses
journal, May 2002


Laser interferometer for measuring high velocities of any reflecting surface
journal, November 1972

  • Barker, L. M.; Hollenbach, R. E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 43, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1660986

Compact system for high-speed velocimetry using heterodyne techniques
journal, August 2006

  • Strand, O. T.; Goosman, D. R.; Martinez, C.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 77, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2336749

Failure waves in glass under dynamic compression
journal, September 1992


Shock metamorphism of silicate glasses
journal, August 1971

  • Gibbons, Rex V.; Ahrens, Thomas J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 76, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1029/JB076i023p05489

Sound Velocities in Shock‐Synthesized Stishovite to 72 GPa
journal, December 2019

  • Berryman, Eleanor J.; Winey, J. M.; Gupta, Yogendra M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 46, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1029/2019GL085301

Shock‐Wave Studies of PMMA, Fused Silica, and Sapphire
journal, September 1970

  • Barker, L. M.; Hollenbach, R. E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 41, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1658439

Optical Response of Soda-Lime Glass Shocked to 14 GPa
journal, March 2020


Dynamic material model of annealed soda-lime glass
journal, March 2015


Shock response of soda lime glass at 6 GPA
conference, January 2012

  • Dandekar, Dattatraya
  • SHOCK COMPRESSION OF CONDENSED MATTER - 2011: Proceedings of the Conference of the American Physical Society Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3686436

Dynamic unloading behavior of soda lime glass
journal, July 1989

  • Lopatin, C. M.; Bless, S. J.; Brar, N. S.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 66, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.343575

Soda-lime glass behavior under laser shock
conference, January 2017

  • Loison, D.; Guin, J. -P.; Sangleboeuf, J. -C.
  • SHOCK COMPRESSION OF CONDENSED MATTER - 2015: Proceedings of the Conference of the American Physical Society Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4971661

Unsteady compression waves in interferometer windows
journal, June 2001


Mechanical and optical response of polymethylpentene under dynamic compression
journal, November 2019

  • Barmore, L. M.; Knudson, M. D.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 126, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5127867

Index of refraction of shock‐compressed fused silica and sapphire
journal, December 1979

  • Setchell, Robert E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 50, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.325959

Optical properties of soda lime silica glasses
journal, September 1985


On the nature of pressure-induced coordination changes in silicate melts and glasses
journal, December 1987

  • Stolper, Edward M.; Ahrens, Thomas J.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1029/GL014i012p01231

On the index of refraction of shock‐compressed liquid nitromethane
journal, May 1976

  • Hardesty, D. R.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 47, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.322925

The dynamic response of soda-lime glass
conference, January 1996

  • Bourne, N. K.; Rosenberg, Z.
  • Proceedings of the conference of the American Physical Society topical group on shock compression of condensed matter, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.50660

Application of a Computational Glass Model to the Shock Response of Soda-Lime Glass
journal, April 2016

  • Gorfain, Joshua E.; Key, Christopher T.; Alexander, C. Scott
  • Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s40870-016-0066-2

Radiation temperatures of soda-lime glass in its shock-compressed liquid state
journal, February 1998

  • Kobayashi, T.; Sekine, T.; Fat’yanov, O. V.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 83, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.366889

Index of Refraction of Shock Loaded Soda-Lime Glass
conference, January 2009

  • Alexander, C. S.; Elert, Mark; Furnish, Michael D.
  • SHOCK COMPRESSION OF CONDENSED MATTER 2009: Proceedings of the American Physical Society Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3295080

Shock compression and unloading response of 1050 aluminum to 70 GPA
conference, January 2012

  • Choudhuri, Deep; Gupta, Yogendra M.
  • SHOCK COMPRESSION OF CONDENSED MATTER - 2011: Proceedings of the Conference of the American Physical Society Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3686388

Equation of State of Metals from Shock Wave Measurements
journal, March 1955


Determining the refractive index of shocked [100] lithium fluoride to the limit of transmissibility
journal, July 2014

  • Rigg, P. A.; Knudson, M. D.; Scharff, R. J.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 116, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4890714

Index of refraction and mechanical behavior of soda lime glass under shock and release wave propagations
journal, December 1998

  • Dandekar, Dattatraya P.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 84, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.369035