skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Effect of binder on the overcharge response in LiFePO4-containing cells

Abstract

Two types of small pouch cells based on LiFePO4/graphite, one containing a N-methyl pyrrolidinone (NMP)-soluble binder, poly(vinylidene difluoride), and the other an aqueous-soluble binder, styrene-butadiene rubber/carboxymethylcellulose were systematically charged to 100, 120, 140, 160, 180, and 250% state of charge (SOC). The cells were then discharged to 3.0 V at room temperature before being disassembled for postmortem analysis. Microstructural changes in the anode associated with increasing SOC were more pronounced in the aqueous processed cells in comparison to the NMP-processed cells. Furthermore, dendrite formation was observed on the aqueous-processed anode at 120% SOC, while the NMP-processed anode surface does not show dendrites until 250% SOC. Overall, the aqueous-processed anode surfaces displayed more evidence of microstructural degradation as a function of increasing SOC. In the NMP-processed cells, four organic compounds on the anode surface were found to show a dependence on SOC, while only two displayed a similar dependency in the aqueous-processed cells. The nature of the binder changed the number and composition of the species found at the anode.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Transportation Office. Vehicle Technologies Office; USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1632280
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1595849; OSTI ID: 1761700
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; AC05-00OR22725; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Power Sources
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 450; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; lithium-ion battery; overcharge; binders; LiFePO4

Citation Formats

Rago, Nancy Dietz, Li, Jianlin, Sheng, Yangping, Wood III, David L., Steele, Leigh Anna, Lamb, Joshua, Grosso, Christopher, Fenton, Kyle, and Bloom, Ira. Effect of binder on the overcharge response in LiFePO4-containing cells. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.227595.
Rago, Nancy Dietz, Li, Jianlin, Sheng, Yangping, Wood III, David L., Steele, Leigh Anna, Lamb, Joshua, Grosso, Christopher, Fenton, Kyle, & Bloom, Ira. Effect of binder on the overcharge response in LiFePO4-containing cells. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.227595
Rago, Nancy Dietz, Li, Jianlin, Sheng, Yangping, Wood III, David L., Steele, Leigh Anna, Lamb, Joshua, Grosso, Christopher, Fenton, Kyle, and Bloom, Ira. Wed . "Effect of binder on the overcharge response in LiFePO4-containing cells". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.227595. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1632280.
@article{osti_1632280,
title = {Effect of binder on the overcharge response in LiFePO4-containing cells},
author = {Rago, Nancy Dietz and Li, Jianlin and Sheng, Yangping and Wood III, David L. and Steele, Leigh Anna and Lamb, Joshua and Grosso, Christopher and Fenton, Kyle and Bloom, Ira},
abstractNote = {Two types of small pouch cells based on LiFePO4/graphite, one containing a N-methyl pyrrolidinone (NMP)-soluble binder, poly(vinylidene difluoride), and the other an aqueous-soluble binder, styrene-butadiene rubber/carboxymethylcellulose were systematically charged to 100, 120, 140, 160, 180, and 250% state of charge (SOC). The cells were then discharged to 3.0 V at room temperature before being disassembled for postmortem analysis. Microstructural changes in the anode associated with increasing SOC were more pronounced in the aqueous processed cells in comparison to the NMP-processed cells. Furthermore, dendrite formation was observed on the aqueous-processed anode at 120% SOC, while the NMP-processed anode surface does not show dendrites until 250% SOC. Overall, the aqueous-processed anode surfaces displayed more evidence of microstructural degradation as a function of increasing SOC. In the NMP-processed cells, four organic compounds on the anode surface were found to show a dependence on SOC, while only two displayed a similar dependency in the aqueous-processed cells. The nature of the binder changed the number and composition of the species found at the anode.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.227595},
journal = {Journal of Power Sources},
number = C,
volume = 450,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

Works referenced in this record:

N -Substituted Phenothiazine Derivatives: How the Stability of the Neutral and Radical Cation Forms Affects Overcharge Performance in Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, December 2014

  • Narayana, Kishore Anand; Casselman, Matthew D.; Elliott, Corrine F.
  • ChemPhysChem, Vol. 16, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201402674

Stable and high-rate overcharge protection for rechargeable lithium batteries
journal, January 2013

  • Wang, Bin; Richardson, Thomas J.; Chen, Guoying
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 15, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3cp50992c

Cathodes with intrinsic redox overcharge protection: A new strategy towards safer Li-ion batteries
journal, October 2014


Effect of overcharge on Li(Ni0.5Mn0.3Co0.2)O2 cathodes: NMP-soluble binder. II — Chemical changes in the anode
journal, May 2018


Thermal runaway of commercial 18650 Li-ion batteries with LFP and NCA cathodes – impact of state of charge and overcharge
journal, January 2015

  • Golubkov, Andrey W.; Scheikl, Sebastian; Planteu, René
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 5, Issue 70
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5RA05897J

Thermal and overcharge abuse analysis of a redox shuttle for overcharge protection of LiFePO 4
journal, February 2014


Failure Investigation of LiFePO 4 Cells under Overcharge Conditions
journal, January 2012

  • Xu, Fan; He, Hao; Liu, YaDong
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 159, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.024206jes

Abuse by External Heating, Overcharge and Short Circuiting of Commercial Lithium-Ion Battery Cells
journal, January 2014

  • Larsson, Fredrik; Mellander, Bengt-Erik
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 161, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0311410jes

Failure Study of Commercial LiFePO 4 Cells in Overcharge Conditions Using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
journal, January 2015

  • Liu, Yadong; Xie, Jian
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 162, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0911510jes

Evaluation Residual Moisture in Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodes and Its Effect on Electrode Performance
journal, January 2016

  • Li, Jianlin; Daniel, Claus; An, Seong Jin
  • MRS Advances, Vol. 1, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1557/adv.2016.6

Superior Performance of LiFePO 4 Aqueous Dispersions via Corona Treatment and Surface Energy Optimization
journal, January 2012

  • Li, Jianlin; Rulison, Christopher; Kiggans, Jim
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 159, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.018208jes

Vacuum-tight sample transfer stage for a scanning electron microscopic study of stabilized lithium metal particles
journal, October 2011

  • Howe, Jane Y.; Boatner, Lynn A.; Kolopus, James A.
  • Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 47, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10853-011-6029-z

Identification of Electrolyte-Soluble Organic Cross-Talk Species in a Lithium-Ion Battery via a Two-Compartment Cell
journal, March 2019