skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Manipulating magnetoelectric energy landscape in multiferroics

Abstract

Magnetoelectric coupling at room temperature in multiferroic materials, such as BiFeO3, is one of the leading candidates to develop low-power spintronics and emerging memory technologies. Although extensive research activity has been devoted recently to exploring the physical properties, especially focusing on ferroelectricity and antiferromagnetism in chemically modified BiFeO3, a concrete understanding of the magnetoelectric coupling is yet to be fulfilled. We have discovered that La substitutions at the Bi-site lead to a progressive increase in the degeneracy of the potential energy landscape of the BiFeO3 system exemplified by a rotation of the polar axis away from the ⟨111⟩pc towards the ⟨112⟩pc discretion. This is accompanied by corresponding rotation of the antiferromagnetic axis as well, thus maintaining the right-handed vectorial relationship between ferroelectric polarization, antiferromagnetic vector and the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya vector. As a consequence, La-BiFeO3 films exhibit a magnetoelectric coupling that is distinctly different from the undoped BiFeO3 films.

Authors:
; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo more »; ORCiD logo; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; Intel Corp.
OSTI Identifier:
1632021
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1637323
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nature Communications Journal Volume: 11 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; condensed-matter physics; nanoscale materials

Citation Formats

Huang, Yen-Lin, Nikonov, Dmitri, Addiego, Christopher, Chopdekar, Rajesh V., Prasad, Bhagwati, Zhang, Lei, Chatterjee, Jyotirmoy, Liu, Heng-Jui, Farhan, Alan, Chu, Ying-Hao, Yang, Mengmeng, Ramesh, Maya, Qiu, Zi Qiang, Huey, Bryan D., Lin, Chia-Ching, Gosavi, Tanay, Íñiguez, Jorge, Bokor, Jeffrey, Pan, Xiaoqing, Young, Ian, Martin, Lane W., and Ramesh, Ramamoorthy. Manipulating magnetoelectric energy landscape in multiferroics. United Kingdom: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16727-2.
Huang, Yen-Lin, Nikonov, Dmitri, Addiego, Christopher, Chopdekar, Rajesh V., Prasad, Bhagwati, Zhang, Lei, Chatterjee, Jyotirmoy, Liu, Heng-Jui, Farhan, Alan, Chu, Ying-Hao, Yang, Mengmeng, Ramesh, Maya, Qiu, Zi Qiang, Huey, Bryan D., Lin, Chia-Ching, Gosavi, Tanay, Íñiguez, Jorge, Bokor, Jeffrey, Pan, Xiaoqing, Young, Ian, Martin, Lane W., & Ramesh, Ramamoorthy. Manipulating magnetoelectric energy landscape in multiferroics. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16727-2
Huang, Yen-Lin, Nikonov, Dmitri, Addiego, Christopher, Chopdekar, Rajesh V., Prasad, Bhagwati, Zhang, Lei, Chatterjee, Jyotirmoy, Liu, Heng-Jui, Farhan, Alan, Chu, Ying-Hao, Yang, Mengmeng, Ramesh, Maya, Qiu, Zi Qiang, Huey, Bryan D., Lin, Chia-Ching, Gosavi, Tanay, Íñiguez, Jorge, Bokor, Jeffrey, Pan, Xiaoqing, Young, Ian, Martin, Lane W., and Ramesh, Ramamoorthy. Fri . "Manipulating magnetoelectric energy landscape in multiferroics". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16727-2.
@article{osti_1632021,
title = {Manipulating magnetoelectric energy landscape in multiferroics},
author = {Huang, Yen-Lin and Nikonov, Dmitri and Addiego, Christopher and Chopdekar, Rajesh V. and Prasad, Bhagwati and Zhang, Lei and Chatterjee, Jyotirmoy and Liu, Heng-Jui and Farhan, Alan and Chu, Ying-Hao and Yang, Mengmeng and Ramesh, Maya and Qiu, Zi Qiang and Huey, Bryan D. and Lin, Chia-Ching and Gosavi, Tanay and Íñiguez, Jorge and Bokor, Jeffrey and Pan, Xiaoqing and Young, Ian and Martin, Lane W. and Ramesh, Ramamoorthy},
abstractNote = {Magnetoelectric coupling at room temperature in multiferroic materials, such as BiFeO3, is one of the leading candidates to develop low-power spintronics and emerging memory technologies. Although extensive research activity has been devoted recently to exploring the physical properties, especially focusing on ferroelectricity and antiferromagnetism in chemically modified BiFeO3, a concrete understanding of the magnetoelectric coupling is yet to be fulfilled. We have discovered that La substitutions at the Bi-site lead to a progressive increase in the degeneracy of the potential energy landscape of the BiFeO3 system exemplified by a rotation of the polar axis away from the ⟨111⟩pc towards the ⟨112⟩pc discretion. This is accompanied by corresponding rotation of the antiferromagnetic axis as well, thus maintaining the right-handed vectorial relationship between ferroelectric polarization, antiferromagnetic vector and the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya vector. As a consequence, La-BiFeO3 films exhibit a magnetoelectric coupling that is distinctly different from the undoped BiFeO3 films.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-020-16727-2},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 11,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2020},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16727-2

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Ferroelectric ordering in Bi1−xLaxFeO3. a Schematic for the energy landscape of the phase transition induced by lanthanum substitution in BiFeO3 described by Landau theory. b Schematic for the ferroelectric polarization rotation (from BiFeO3: [111]pc to Bi0.85La0.15FeO3: [112]pc) and suppression of ferroelectric polarization induced by lanthanum substitution in BiFeO3.more » c P-E measurements for different substitution levels of lanthanum in 100-nm-thick BiFeO3 films. d The schematics illustrate the evolution of crystal symmetry of bismuth ferrite (rhombohedral) to lanthanum ferrite (orthorhombic).« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

MATERIALS SCIENCE: The Renaissance of Magnetoelectric Multiferroics
journal, July 2005


Evolution of crystal structure and ferroic properties of La-doped BiFeO3 ceramics near the rhombohedral-orthorhombic phase boundary
journal, April 2013


Direct observation of the alignment of ferromagnetic spins by antiferromagnetic spins
journal, June 2000

  • Nolting, F.; Scholl, A.; Stöhr, J.
  • Nature, Vol. 405, Issue 6788
  • DOI: 10.1038/35015515

Electrical control of antiferromagnetic domains in multiferroic BiFeO3 films at room temperature
journal, September 2006

  • Zhao, T.; Scholl, A.; Zavaliche, F.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1731

Visualizing the Role of Bi 6s “Lone Pairs” in the Off-Center Distortion in Ferromagnetic BiMnO 3
journal, September 2001

  • Seshadri, Ram; Hill, Nicola A.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm010090m

Scalable energy-efficient magnetoelectric spin–orbit logic
journal, December 2018


Voltage control of unidirectional anisotropy in ferromagnet-multiferroic system
journal, November 2018

  • Manipatruni, Sasikanth; Nikonov, Dmitri E.; Lin, Chia-Ching
  • Science Advances, Vol. 4, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aat4229

Monoclinic structure of unpoled morphotropic high piezoelectric PMN-PT and PZN-PT compounds
journal, January 2002


Complex strain evolution of polar and magnetic order in multiferroic BiFeO3 thin films
journal, September 2018


Advances in magnetoelectric multiferroics
journal, February 2019


Nanoscale Control of Domain Architectures in BiFeO 3 Thin Films
journal, April 2009

  • Chu, Ying-Hao; He, Qing; Yang, Chan-Ho
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 9, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl900723j

Single-domain multiferroic BiFeO3 films
journal, September 2016

  • Kuo, C. -Y.; Hu, Z.; Yang, J. C.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12712

The evolution of multiferroics
journal, July 2016


Magnetoelectric Devices for Spintronics
journal, July 2014


Spin Reorientation at the Antiferromagnetic NiO(001) Surface in Response to an Adjacent Ferromagnet
journal, March 2001


Low voltage performance of epitaxial BiFeO3 films on Si substrates through lanthanum substitution
journal, March 2008

  • Chu, Y. H.; Zhan, Q.; Yang, C. -H.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 92, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2897304

Doping BiFeO3: approaches and enhanced functionality
journal, January 2012

  • Yang, Chan-Ho; Kan, Daisuke; Takeuchi, Ichiro
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 14, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2cp43082g

Chemical Substitution-Induced Ferroelectric Polarization Rotation in BiFeO3
journal, March 2011

  • Kan, Daisuke; Anbusathaiah, Varatharajan; Takeuchi, Ichiro
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201004503

Destruction of spin cycloid in (111)c-oriented BiFeO3 thin films by epitiaxial constraint: Enhanced polarization and release of latent magnetization
journal, January 2005

  • Bai, Feiming; Wang, Junling; Wuttig, M.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 86, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1851612

Spiral magnetic ordering in bismuth ferrite
journal, August 1982

  • Sosnowska, I.; Neumaier, T. P.; Steichele, E.
  • Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, Vol. 15, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3719/15/23/020

Observation of Antiferromagnetic Domains in Epitaxial Thin Films
journal, February 2000


Multiferroics progress and prospects in thin films
journal, January 2007

  • Ramesh, R.; Spaldin, Nicola A.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 1, p. 21-29
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1805

Deterministic switching of ferromagnetism at room temperature using an electric field
journal, December 2014


Weak ferromagnetism and magnetoelectric coupling in bismuth ferrite
journal, February 2005


Electric-field-induced spin disorder-to-order transition near a multiferroic triple phase point
journal, October 2016

  • Jang, Byung-Kweon; Lee, Jin Hong; Chu, Kanghyun
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 13, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3902

Structural distortion and magnetism of BiFeO 3 epitaxial thin films: A Raman spectroscopy and neutron diffraction study
journal, March 2007


Structural Characterization of BiFeO 3 Thin Films by Reciprocal Space Mapping
journal, September 2006

  • Saito, Keisuke; Ulyanenkov, Alexander; Grossmann, Volkmar
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 45, Issue 9B
  • DOI: 10.1143/JJAP.45.7311

Electric-field control of local ferromagnetism using a magnetoelectric multiferroic
journal, April 2008

  • Chu, Ying-Hao; Martin, Lane W.; Holcomb, Mikel B.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 7, Issue 6, p. 478-482
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2184

Universal Behavior and Electric-Field-Induced Structural Transition in Rare-Earth-Substituted BiFeO3
journal, March 2010

  • Kan, Daisuke; Pálová, Lucia; Anbusathaiah, Varatharajan
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 20, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.200902017

Strain-Induced Polarization Rotation in Epitaxial (001) BiFeO 3 Thin Films
journal, September 2008


Probing the evolution of antiferromagnetism in multiferroics
journal, April 2010


    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.